Joseph Lane

Infobox Politician
name = Joseph Lane



imagesize = 150px
caption =
small_

office = Governor of Oregon Territory
term_start = 1848
term_end = 1850
predecessor = position created
successor = Kintzing Prichette
constituency =
majority =
office2 = Delegate to the U.S. House of Representatives
from Oregon Territory's At-large congressional district
term_start2 = 1851
term_end2 = 1859
predecessor2 = Samuel Thurston
successor2 = position dissolved
constituency =
majority2 =
jr/sr3=United States Senator
state3=Oregon
term_start3 = 1859
term_end3 = 1861
predecessor3 = position created
successor3 = James W. Nesmith
constituency3 =
majority3 =
birth_date = birth date|1801|12|14|mf=y
birth_place = Buncombe County, North Carolina
death_date = death date and age|1881|4|19|1801|12|14|mf=y
death_place = Roseburg, Oregon
party = Democrat
relations =
spouse = Polly Hart
civil partner =
children =
residence =
occupation = general, politician
religion =


website =
footnotes =

Joseph Lane (December 14, 1801 – April 19, 1881) was an American general during the Mexican-American War and a United States Senator from Oregon.

Early life

Lane was born in Buncombe County, North Carolina on December 14, 1801. He moved to Kentucky at a young age, and then moved to Indiana, where he was engaged in farming for a while. Lane and his wife, Polly Hart Lane, had ten children.cite book|last=Corning|first=Howard M|title=Dictionary of Oregon History|publisher=Binfords & Mort Publishing|date=1956|page=p. 142] While in Indiana, he served in the State House of Representatives and the Indiana Senate from 1822 to 1846.

Military career

At the outbreak of hostilities with Mexico, Lane was appointed colonel of the 2nd Indiana Volunteer Regiment and served along the border. The same year he was appointed brigadier general of volunteers and commanded the Indiana Brigade at the Battle of Buena Vista. After the battle he was appointed major general of volunteers and led the relief force which lifted the Siege of Puebla defeating Antonio López de Santa Anna at the Battle of Huamantla along the way.

Oregon territory and statehood

He was appointed by President James Polk to be governor of Oregon Territory in 1848. Lane arrived in Oregon in March 1849, following a hazardous winter trip on the Oregon Trail. One of his first duties was to obtain the surrender of five Cayuse accused in the Whitman Massacre. The accused were brought back to Oregon City for trial, where they were convicted and hanged.cite web|url=http://bluebook.state.or.us/notable/notlane.htm|title=Notable Oregonians: Joseph Lane - Governor|publisher=Oregon.gov|accessdate=2007-04-05]

In 1851, Lane became delegate to Oregon Territory in the U.S. Congress, and was subsequently elected as one of Oregon's first two United States Senators when Oregon became a state in 1859. In 1853, Lane agreed to become acting Territorial Governor for three days (May 16-19) to help remove unpopular John P. Gaines from office. Lane then returned to his post as Congressional delegate.cite web|url=http://www.osl.state.or.us/home/lib/governors/jl.htm|title=Joseph Lane|publisher=Oregon State Library|accessdate=2007-04-05]

Vice-presidential nomination

Lane was nominated as the nominee for Vice President of the pro-slavery southern wing of the Democratic Party in 1860 along with Presidential candidate John C. Breckinridge. When the Civil War began, Lane's pro-slavery sympathies effectively ended his political career.

Retirement and legacy

Lane retired to Roseburg, Oregon where he died in 1881. He had been baptized Catholic in 1867.Lansing, Ronald B. 2005. "Nimrod: Courts, Claims, and Killing on the Oregon Frontier". Pullman: Washington State University Press. p. 266.] His home there is now a museum maintained by the Douglas County Historical Society. [ [http://www.douglascountyhistoricalsociety.org/LANEHOUSE.htm Floed Lane House ] ] Known as the Creed Floed House, the Floed-Lane House, or simply the Joseph Lane House, it is on the National Register of Historic Places.citeweb|title=Oregon National Register List|url=http://www.oregon.gov/OPRD/HCD/NATREG/docs/oregon_nr_list.pdf |accessdate=2007-08-31]

Lane County, Oregon is named for him. A son, Lafayette Lane, served in Congress from 1875 to 1877, and another son John fought in the Civil War for the Confederacy. Joseph's grandson, Harry Lane, was a mayor of Portland, Oregon and then U.S. Senator from 1913 until his death in 1917.

Joseph Lane Middle School in Roseburg is named for him, as is Joseph Lane Middle School in Portland.

References

External links

*CongBio|L000062
*Find A Grave|id=5546508
* [http://www.1st-hand-history.org/JLane/JLindex.htm General Joseph Lane] at First Hand History, includes primary documents.
* [http://nwda-db.wsulibs.wsu.edu/findaid/ark:/80444/xv58488 Guide to the Joseph Lane Papers at the University of Oregon] The Joseph Lane papers include diaries, correspondence, legal documents, newspaper clippings, and a draft of Nina Lane Faubion’s biography of Lane
* [http://libweb.uoregon.edu/speccoll/photo/flane.html Joseph Lane's photographs at the University of Oregon.]

###@@@KEY@@@###succession box
title=Territorial Governor of Oregon
before=George Abernethy(1)
years=1848 – 1850
after=Kintzing Prichette
succession box
title=Territorial Governor of Oregon (acting)
before=John P. Gaines
years=May 16, 1853 – May 19, 1853
after=George Law Curry
USRepSuccession box
state=Oregon Territory
type=Delegate
before=Samuel Thurston
years=March 4, 1851 – March 4, 1859
after=Position dissolved
(Oregon statehood)
U.S. Senator box
state=Oregon
class=3
before=Position created
(Oregon statehood)
years=1859-1861
after=James W. Nesmith
alongside=Delazon Smith, Edward D. Baker


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Joseph Lane — Joseph Lane. Joseph Lane (14 décembre 1801 19 avril 1881) était un général américain pendant la guerre américano mexicaine et un sénateur américain de l Oregon. Sommaire …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Joseph Lane — (* 14. Dezember 1801 im Buncombe County, North Carolina; † 19. April 1881 in Roseburg, Oregon) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker, Mitglied des US Kongresses und von 1848 bis 1850 sowie nochmals im Jah …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kirkland, (Joseph) Lane — born March 12, 1922, Camden, S.C., U.S. died Aug. 14, 1999, Washington, D.C. U.S. labour union leader. He served as an officer in the U.S. merchant marine and joined the American Federation of Labor (AFL) as a staff researcher in 1948. He was… …   Universalium

  • Kirkland, (Joseph) Lane — (12 mar. 1922, Camden, S.C., EE.UU.–14 ago. 1999, Washington, D.C.). Dirigente sindical estadounidense. Fue oficial de la marina mercante de EE.UU. y en 1948 se incorporó como investigador a la American Federation of Labor (Federación… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Joseph R. Lane — Joseph Reed Lane (* 6. Mai 1858 in Davenport, Iowa; † 1. Mai 1931 ebenda) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker. Zwischen 1899 und 1901 vertrat er den Bundesstaat Iowa im US Repräsentantenhaus. Werdegang Joseph Lane besuchte die öffentlichen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lane — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Alfred Lane (1891–1965), US amerikanischer Sportschütze Allan Lane (1909–1973), US amerikanischer Schauspieler Allen Lane (1902–1970), britischer Verleger Amos Lane (1778–1849), US amerikanischer Politiker …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Joseph Simon — (* 7. Februar 1851 in Bechtheim, Großherzogtum Hessen; † 14. Februar 1935 in Portland, Oregon) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker ( …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lane (surname) — Lane is a surname, The surname Lane comes from England. and may refer to:A* Abbe Lane * Abigail Lane * Akira Lane, Japanese American adult model * Allen Lane * Alycia Lane * Andrew Lane, U.S. musician and conductor * Andy Lane * Anita Lane,… …   Wikipedia

  • Lane Kirkland — Joseph Lane Kirkland , né le 12 mars 1922 à Camden en Caroline du Sud, décédé le 14 août 1999 à Washington, D.C., était un dirigeant syndical américain, président pendant seize ans de l AFL CIO …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lane Kirkland — Joseph Lane Kirkland (* 12. März 1922 in Camden, South Carolina; † 14. August 1999 in Washington D.C.) war ein US amerikanischer Gewerkschaftsfunktionär. Biografie Kirkland trat 1948 als Wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.