List of rulers of Monaco
The following is a
chronologicallist of rulers of Monaco. Most belong to the House of Grimaldi; exceptions, which consist primarily of the principality's administrators under periods of foreign occupation, are noted.
Lords of Monaco
Princes of Monaco
François Grimaldiis often cited as the principality's first ruler, though he was simply the leader of the group which seized the Rock of Monacoon 8 January 1297. François's cousin Rainier I, Lord of Cagnes, was, in fact, the first sovereign Grimaldi ruler of the area now known as Monaco. His successor Charles I, who retook the Rock after thirty years of Genoese rule, was the first true Lord of Monaco, and is thus widely considered the founder of the dynasty.
# Three men named Louis have ruled Monaco: Louis, Lord of Monaco, twice in the 1390s and early 1400s; Prince Louis I from
1662to 1701; and Prince Louis II from 1922to 1949.
# Jean I ruled or co-ruled for three separate periods. During the second, after the death of his co-ruler Antonie and the abdication of Ambroise in
1427, he continued as sole ruler, thus assuming a Roman numeralI in later historical texts.
# Starting in
1612, Honoré II was the first Monegasque ruler to add the personal style of Princeto his former title, Lord of Monaco; this became official when Philip IV of Spainrecognized Monaco as a principalityin 1633. It may be added that, through possession of territories in Italy, the Grimaldi rulers of Monaco were already entitled to the designation of prince, in a personal capacity.
History of Monaco; Timelines
Sovereign Prince of Monaco
Line of succession to the Monegasque Throne
* "Burke's Royal Families of the World, Vol. 1: Europe and Latin America". London: Burke's Publishing Co., 1977. ISBN 0-85011-029-7.
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