Franz Ritter von Epp

Infobox Politician
name = Franz Ritter von Epp


imagesize = 220px
caption =
small_

office = Reichsstatthalter of Bavaria
term_start = 1933
term_end = 1945
predecessor =
successor =
office2 = Member of the Reichstag
term_start2 = 1928
term_end2 = 1945
predecessor2 =
successor2 =
birth_date = Birth date|1868|10|16
birth_place = Munich, Germany
nationality = German
death_date = Death date|1946|12|31
death_place = Munich
party = BVP, from 1928 NSDAP
relations =
residence =
alma_mater =
occupation =
religion =


website =
footnotes =

Franz Ritter von Epp (16 October 1868 in Munich – 31 December 1946 in Munich) was a regular officer in the Imperial German Army of the early part of the 20th century, who rose to the office of "Reichsstatthalter" of Bavaria, a position of dictatorial power, under the Nazis.

Life

Franz Ritter von Epp was born in Munich in 1868, under the name of Franz Epp, being the son of the painter Rudolph Epp and Katharina Streibel. He spent his school years in Augsburg and after this joined the military academy in Munich. He served as a volunteer in East Asia during the Boxer rebellion in 1900-01 and then became a company commander in the German colony "Deutsch-Südwestafrika" (now Namibia), where he took part in the bloody crushing of the Herero rebellion. [ [http://books.google.com.au/books?id=jIxCUXI38zcC&pg=PA76&lpg=PA76&dq=Franz+Ritter+von+Epp&source=web&ots=Opnsn7JYno&sig=zAjOYDcDpWLEd9wu4TdTXLDzZXA&hl=en Genocide and Gross Human Rights Violations] google book review, author: Kurt Jonassohn, Karin Solveig Björnson, publisher: Transaction Publishers] During the First World War, he served as the commanding officer of a Bavarian regiment, the "Infanterie-Leibregiment", in France, Serbia, Romania and at the Isonzo front.

For his war service, he received a large number of medals, the Pour le Mérite (29 May 1918) being the most prominent. He was also knighted, being made "Ritter von Epp" on 25 February 1918, and received the Bavarian Militär-Max Joseph-Orden (23 June 1916).

After the end of the war he formed the "Freikorps Epp", a right-wing, paramilitary formation mostly made up of war veterans, who Ernst Roehm, future leader of the SA, was a member of. [ [http://books.google.com.au/books?id=qncE3wy3TTsC&pg=PA59&lpg=PA59&dq=Franz+Ritter+von+Epp&source=web&ots=hPlIdsCBu6&sig=mJSVDIvLUDCWqHV_Zfc7kqC3_1s&hl=en The unmaking of Adolf Hitler] google book review, author: Eugene Davidson publisher: University of Missouri Press] It took part in the crushing of the Bavarian Soviet Republic in Munich, being responsible for various massacres. He joined the Reichswehr and was promoted to Generalmajor in 1922. He took his leave from the German army after getting involved with right-wing associations in 1923.

When it became necessary for the NSDAP to purchase a newspaper to publicize its political creed, Epp made available some 60,000 Reichsmarks from secret army funds to acquire the "Völkische Beobachter", [Shirer, William L.: "The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich", 1960] which would become the daily mouthpiece of the party.

As the SA expanded, it became an armed band of several hundred thousand men, whose function was to protect and guard Nazi rallies and to disrupt those of other political parties. Some of its leaders, particularly Roehm, visualized the SA as supplanting the regular army when Hitler came to power. To this end a department was set up under Epp called the Wehrpolitisches Amt (Army political office). Nothing came of this, as the role of the SA was dramatically recast after the Night of the Long Knives.

Epp became a member of the German parliament, the Reichstag, for the NSDAP after leaving the BVP in 1928, holding this position until 1945. He served as the NSDAP's head of its Military-Political Office from 1928 to 1945, and later as leader of the "German Colonial Society", an organization devout to regaining Germanys lost colonies.

Epp's final notable historical action occurred on March 9 1933, two weeks before the Reichstag passed the enabling act which granted Adolf Hitler dictatorial powers. On the orders of Hitler and Wilhelm Frick he abolished the Government of Bavaria and set up a Nazi regime. He became "Reichskommissar", later "Reichsstatthalter", for Bavaria in 1933, in this position clashing with Bavarias Nazi prime minister Ludwig Siebert, which Siebert eventually succeeding over Epp. Epp's attempt to limit the influence of the central government into Bavarian politics failed. Epp however continued in his post as "Reichsstatthalter" until the end of the war, politically insignificant.

He distanced himself somewhat from other Nazi leaders during the war, the main reason for this was however personal dislike of some of them. He did not question or disagree with the regimes's politics.

He was arrested on Paul Giesler's orders in 1945, being associated with the "Freiheitsaktion Bayern", lead by Rupprecht Gerngroß, a group opposed to the Nazis. Epp however did not want to directly be involved with the group as he considered their goal, surrender to the allies, a form of backstabbing of the German army. [ [http://rzblx2.bibliothek.uni-regensburg.de/blo/boslview/boslview.php?seite=195&band=1 Universitätsbibliothek Regensburg - Bosls bayrische Biographie - Franz Ritter von Epp] (in German), author: Karl Bosl, publisher: Pustet, page 179-180]

At the end of the war, he was imprisoned by the Americans and died in a prison camp in 1946.cite web | url = http://motlc.learningcenter.wiesenthal.org/pages/t020/t02083.html | title = motlc.learningcenter.wiesenthal.org | accessdate = 2007-08-24 | publisher = ]

Notes

ee also

* Herero and Namaqua Genocide

Further reading

* "Ein Leben für Deutschalnd" ("A life for Germany"), Autobiography by Franz Ritter von Epp, Munich, 1939

External links

* at the internet movie database
* [http://www.historisches-lexikon-bayerns.de/document/artikel_44585_bilder_value_3_reichsstatthalter3.jpgPicture of Franz Ritter von Epp, taken in 1943] Historisches Lexikon Bayerns

ources

* [http://rzblx2.bibliothek.uni-regensburg.de/blo/boslview/boslview.php?seite=195&band=1 Universitätsbibliothek Regensburg - Bosls bayrische Biographie - Franz Ritter von Epp] (in German), author: Karl Bosl, publisher: Pustet, page 179-180
* [http://www.dhm.de/lemo/html/biografien/EppFranz/ Biography of Franz Ritter von Epp] (in German)
* [http://home.att.net/~ordersandmedals/MMJO/Epp.htm Franz Ritter von Epp] Record of his military career

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Franz Ritter von Epp — Franz Xaver Epp, seit 1916 Ritter von Epp (* 16. Oktober 1868 in München; † 31. Dezember 1946 ebenda) war ein deutscher Berufssoldat, nationalsozialistischer Politiker und von 1933 bis 1945 Reichsstatthalter in Bayern …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Franz Ritter von Epp — Franz von Epp Franz Ritter von Epp Franz von Epp (g.) en 1938 Naissance …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Franz Xaver Ritter von Epp — Franz Ritter von Epp Franz Ritter von Epp (gebürtig Franz Xaver Epp; * 16. Oktober 1868 in München; † 31. Dezember 1946 ebenda) war Berufssoldat, bekannter nationalsozialistischer Politiker und unter anderem von 1933 bis 1945 Reichsstatthalter in …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ritter von Epp — Franz Ritter von Epp Franz Ritter von Epp (gebürtig Franz Xaver Epp; * 16. Oktober 1868 in München; † 31. Dezember 1946 ebenda) war Berufssoldat, bekannter nationalsozialistischer Politiker und unter anderem von 1933 bis 1945 Reichsstatthalter in …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Epp, Franz Ritter von — (1868 1947)    Freikorps* leader; chiefly known for his role in suppressing leftist actions in Munich, the Ruhr, and Hamburg. Born in Munich, he attended both cadet and military academies in his home city. In 1900 he volunteered for the East… …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

  • Franz von Epp — Franz Ritter von Epp Franz Ritter von Epp (gebürtig Franz Xaver Epp; * 16. Oktober 1868 in München; † 31. Dezember 1946 ebenda) war Berufssoldat, bekannter nationalsozialistischer Politiker und unter anderem von 1933 bis 1945 Reichsstatthalter in …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Von Epp — Franz Ritter von Epp Franz Ritter von Epp (gebürtig Franz Xaver Epp; * 16. Oktober 1868 in München; † 31. Dezember 1946 ebenda) war Berufssoldat, bekannter nationalsozialistischer Politiker und unter anderem von 1933 bis 1945 Reichsstatthalter in …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Franz von Epp — Franz Ritter von Epp Franz von Epp (g.) en 1938 Naissance …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Wilhelm Ritter von Thoma — Infobox Military Person name=Wilhelm Ritter von Thoma lived=birth date|1891|9|11|df=y death date and age|1948|4|30|1891|9|11|df=y placeofbirth=Dachau placeofdeath=Dachau caption= nickname= allegiance=flagicon|German Empire German Empire (to 1918) …   Wikipedia

  • Kabinett von Epp (Bayern) — Das Kabinett von Epp bildete als kommissarischer Ministerrat vom 10. März bis 12. April 1933 die Landesregierung von Bayern. Amt Name Partei kommissarischer Leiter Franz von Epp NSDAP Stellvertreter Inneres Adolf Wagner …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.