The water frame is the name given to the
spinning frame, when water power was used to drive it. Both are credited to Richard Arkwrightwho patented and exploited the technologyin 1762. It was based on an inventionby Thomas Highsand the patent was later overturned. John Kay, a clock maker and mechanic who helped Highs build the spinning frame, sold the design to Arkwright (for what might be considered a derisory sum). It was Arkwright, however, who made the system work, realising that account had to be taken of the fibre lengths in the batch being spun.
The water frame is derived from the use of a
water wheelto drive a number of spinning frames. The water wheel provided more power to the spinning frame than human operators, reducing the amount of human labor needed and increasing the spindle count dramatically. However, unlike the spinning jenny, the water frame could only spin one thread at a time until Samuel Cromptoncombined the two inventions into his spinning mulein 1779. However the water frame could be assembled with hundreds of spinning heads in a single building and was easy to operate.
1771Arkwright installed the water frame in his cotton millat Cromford, Derbyshire, on the River Derwent, creating one of the first factories that was specifically built to house machinery rather than just bringing workers together.
Called by his contemporaries "The father of the factory system", he is considered an innovator as he combined water power,the water frame and continuous production with modern employment practices.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Water frame — Wa ter frame A name given to the first power spinning machine, because driven by water power. [1913 Webster] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Water frame — La Water frame est une machine à filer utilisant l énergie des moulins à eau puis plus tard celle de la vapeur pour augmenter la productivité des fileurs de coton, grâce à un système de petits rouleaux actionnés par l énergie hydraulique. Cette… … Wikipédia en Français
water frame — noun : a primitive power spinning machine driven by waterpower * * * water frame noun A water driven spinning machine invented by Richard Arkwright in the 18c • • • Main Entry: ↑water * * * water frame, a type of spinning machine powered by water … Useful english dictionary
water frame — In textile manufacture, a spinning machine powered by water that produced a cotton yarn suitable for warp (lengthwise threads). Patented in 1769 by R. Arkwright, it represented an improvement on James Hargreaves s spinning jenny, which produced… … Universalium
Water tu twist — Wa ter tu twist Yarn made by the throstle, or water frame. [1913 Webster] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Frame — A frame is a structural system that supports other components of a physical construction. Frame may also refer to:Engineering construction* Framing (construction), a building term known as light frame construction * Frame (vehicle), to which… … Wikipedia
frame — framable, frameable, adj. framableness, frameableness, n. frameless, adj. framer, n. /fraym/, n., v., framed, framing. n. 1. a border or case for enclosing a picture, mirror, etc. 2. a rigid structure formed of relatively slender pieces, j … Universalium
water — waterer, n. waterless, adj. waterlessly, adv. waterlessness, n. waterlike, adj. /waw teuhr, wot euhr/, n. 1. a transparent, odorless, tasteless liquid, a compound of hydrogen and oxygen, H2O, freezing at 32°F or 0°C and boiling at 212°F or 100°C … Universalium
water twist — noun : an eddy or whirlpool in a stream * * * water twist noun 1. A kind of cotton yarn, first made by the water frame 2. In spinning, more than the usual amount of twist • • • Main Entry: ↑water … Useful english dictionary
Water birth — is a method of giving birth, which involves immersion in warm water. Proponents believe this method to be safe and provides many benefits for both mother and infant, including pain relief and a less traumatic birth experience for the baby.… … Wikipedia