Snoqualmie (tribe)


Snoqualmie (tribe)

Infobox Ethnic group
group = Snoqualmie


population = ~650
regions = City of Snoqualmie
Greater Seattle Area
flagicon|Washington|size=20px Washington
flagicon|USA|size=20pxUnited States
region1 =
region2 =
pop1 =
ref1 =
region3 =
religions = Christianity, Indigenous Religion
languages = English, Snoqualmie Language (Southern Lushootseed)
related = Duwamish, Puyallap, Nisqually, Sammamish, Suquamish, other Salish peoples
The Snoqualmie (S·dukwalbixw) are a group of Coast Salish Native American peoples from the Snoqualmie Valley in east King and Snohomish Counties in Washington state. The Snoqualmie settled onto the Tulalip Reservation after signing the Point Elliott Treaty with the Washington Territory in 1855. At that time they were one of the largest tribes in the Puget Sound region numbering around 4000 [http://nathpo.org/News/Tribal/News-Tribal_Governments32.html] . They have tried and failed on several occasions to secure a reservation on their ancestral lands along the Tolt River (a tributary of the Snoqualmie River).

Recognition by the United States

The tribe lost federal recognition in 1953. In October 1999 the Bureau of Indian Affairs once again granted recognition to the Snoqualmie.cite web|url=http://www.goia.wa.gov/Tribal-Information/Tribes/snoqualmie.htm |title=Snoqualmie Tribe History |accessdate=7 March |accessyear= 2008 |format=website |work=Governor's Office of Indian Affairs ]

Membership and Government

According to one source, the Snoqualmie Tribe currently has approximately 597 memberscite web|url=http://www.snoqualmiecasinoproject.com/tribe_history.htm |title=History of the Snoqualmie Tribe |accessdate=21 January |accessyear=2008 |author= |date=19 November 2006 |month= |publisher= ] . Another source puts the membership at approximately 650 memberscite web|url=http://www.casinosnoqualmie.com/press/2gw0zkgufbeccq9b.pdf |title=Snoqualmie Entertainment Authority Closes On $330 Million Casino Financing |accessdate=21 January |accessyear=2008 |author= |date=29 january 2007 |month= |publisher=Snoqualmie Indian Tribe/Snoqualmie Entertainment Authority |format=PDF] .

The government consists of a Tribal constitution and elected Councilcite web|url=http://www.casinosnoqualmie.com/press/2gw0zkgufbeccq9b.pdf |title=Snoqualmie Entertainment Authority Closes On $330 Million Casino Financing |accessdate=21 January |accessyear=2008 |author= |date=29 january 2007 |month= |publisher=Snoqualmie Indian Tribe/Snoqualmie Entertainment Authority |format=PDF] ..

References

Further reading


* Tweddell, Colin E. The Snoqualmie-Duwamish Dialects of Puget Sound Coast Salish: An Outline of Phonemics and Morphology. University of Washington publications in anthropology, v. 12. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1950.

External links

* [http://www.goia.wa.gov/Tribal-Information/Tribes/snoqualmie.htm Washington state Office of Indian Affairs - Snoqualmie Tribe Information]
* [http://www.snoqualmienation.com/ Snoqualmie Tribe Information]
* [http://www.snoqualmiecasinoproject.com/ Snoqualmie Casino Project]


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