name = QuarkXPress
caption = QuarkXPress 6 on
Mac OS X
released = 1987
frequently_updated = yes
operating system =
Mac OS Xand Microsoft Windows
language = multilingual
license = Proprietary
website = [http://www.quark.com/ QuarkXPress]
QuarkXPress ("Quark") is a computer application for creating and editing complex page layouts in a
WYSIWYGenvironment. It runs on Mac OS Xand Windows. It was first released by Quark, Inc.in 1987 and is still owned and published by them.
The most recent version is QuarkXPress 8 and it allows publishing in English ("International and U.S." [http://www.quark.com/products/xpress/international.html] ) and 36 other languages, including Arabic, Chinese, French, Japanese, Korean, Russian, Spanish and others.
QuarkXPress is used by individual designers and large publishing houses, primarily to produce any kind of layout, from flyers to complex page layouts required by magazines, newspapers, catalogs, and similar printed materials. It is one of two products (the other being
Adobe InDesign) that dominate that market space.
The first version of QuarkXPress was released in 1987 for the Macintosh. A Microsoft Windows version followed in 1992. In the 1990s, QuarkXPress quickly became widely used by professional page designers, the typesetting industry and printers. In particular, the Mac version of 3.3 (released in 1996) was seen as stable and trouble-free, working seamlessly with Adobe's
Postscriptfonts as well as with Apple's TrueTypefonts.
QuarkXPress early on incorporated an
application programming interfacecalled XTensions which allows third-party developers to create custom add-on features to the desktop application. Introduced in 1989, Xtensions, along with Apple Computer's Hypercard, were the first examples of a developer allowing others to create software add-ons for their application.
Having gained a marketshare of approximately 90% in the 1990s, Quark was criticized for having overly long innovation cycles and being too expensive, which encouraged Adobe to launch
Adobe InDesignin 1999.
The release of QuarkXPress version 5 in 2002 led to a row with Apple, as it did not support
Mac OS X, while InDesign 2.0, launched in the same week, did.
Due to the competition of InDesign, Quark started to lower its pricing levels in 2004. In December 2006, Quark licensed the Windows version of QuarkXPress 5 to be distributed free of charge on the cover of a UK computer magazine, "Computer Shopper", with the idea of enticing consumers to upgrade to later versions.
Having arrived late with an Mac OS X version, Quark took a different approach to porting to Intel-native applications on Mac (Universal Binary), and released its Universal Binary version 10 months before Adobe ported InDesign.
Use and features
QuarkXPress allows the user to define areas of a document (called "boxes") which are to be filled with either text or graphics. Although they are called boxes, they can be created in a wide variety of shapes. The boxes can be reshaped, layered, and given varying levels of transparency and runaround.
The content placed in the text version of the boxes is provided with an array of typographic controls as required by professional typesetting businesses. In addition to the basic functionality of font, alignment, spacing, and color, the package also provides its users with professional level typesetting options like
kerning, curving text along a line, and ligatures. As the only layout package QuarkXPress offers vertical tracking.
The software allows both box positioning and graphic or text positioning within a box with an accuracy of one-thousandth of an inch. Color control allows the full-use of printing-press standard
Pantoneor Hexachrome inks, along with a variety of other color-space options. Draft output can be printed on conventional desktop printers. For printing-press purposes CMYK separated films can be produced with relative ease. QuarkXPress also offers the ability for composite workflows, both with Postscript and PDF output.
Additionally QuarkXPress offers layout synchronization, multiple undo/redo functionality,
XMLand web page ( HTML/ XHTML) features, and support for direct
Version 6.5, released at the end of 2004, added enhanced support for the Photoshop format (PSD). The PSD integration and picture manipulation features led to QuarkXPress receiving a number of awards, such as the "
Macworld" Editor's Choice for 2004.
Version 7 added support for
OpenType, Unicode, JDF and also PDF/X-export. QuarkXPress 7 also added unique features, such as native transparency at the color level.
QuarkXPress' composition zones feature makes it the only desktop application with multi-user capabilities by allowing multiple users to edit different zones on the same page. Composition Zones pushes collaboration a step further than just simultaneous text/picture (as possible with
QuarkCopyDesksince 1991), as it allows also layout and graphic elements to be edited outside the layout application.
QuarkXPress also allows the ability to
pre-flighta document. It is unique as it works within the layout application itself and allows the user to jump directly to the conflicting object. Also the user-defined rules, output specs and layout specs can also be used for intelligent templates and enables resource sharing (e.g. server-based style sheet definitions).
The current version, QuarkXPress 8, offers a completely otpimized user interface, support for drag and drop, PDF 1.7 import, AI Import and a global file format. Design grids can be assigned to pages and boxes to allow unlimited baseline grids. Hanging characters can not only be applied but also customized by character and amount to hang outside the box.
QuarkXPress 8 is available for
Mac OS X v10.4("Tiger"), Mac OS X v10.5("Leopard"), Windows XPSP2 and Windows Vista, 32 and 64 Bit. The Mac version is a universal binarywhich runs natively on PPC- and Intel-based Macs.
In the beginning of 2003 Quark released a server version of QuarkXPress, called QuarkDDS. This technology enables solutions that allow page editing and page layout functionality in a web browser. QuarkXPress Server is often leveraged by 3rd parties in web-to-print solutions for corporate intranets to enable customization and ordering of printed materials, advertising automation workflows inside of advertising agencies, catalog generation solutions for retailers and variable digital print solutions for highly personalized one to one marketing. This on demand technology enables companies to print copies digitally when they need them, often with highly customized content. The system relies on
XMLas a core technology. The server is often embedded as an OEM technology in 3rd party print on demandsolutions.
In 2006 Quark renamed QuarkDDS to "QuarkXPress Server" [http://www.quark.com/products/server7/] . It is marketed as a
dynamic page publishingtechnology, sold through systems integrators and independent software vendors. Users can demo [http://getconnected.quark.com/] QuarkXPress Server technology online at the QuarkXPress Server Community [http://getconnected.quark.com/] web site.
* QuarkXPress 1 (1987) - Mac OS only.
* QuarkXPress 2 (1989) - First non-English versions (e.g. French, German).
* QuarkXPress 2.1 (1989) - Enhanced typographic control, such as user-definable kerning tables.
* QuarkXPress 3 (1990) - First version with measurement palette and support for libraries.
* QuarkXPress 3.1 (1992) - First version to also support Windows.
* QuarkXPress 3.2 (1993) - First version to support
Applescriptand color management.
* QuarkXPress 3.3 (1996) - First version to support PPC natively. First Passport Version (optional).
* QuarkXPress 3.32 (1996) - Support for QuarkImmedia. This is the last version which works on Windows 3.x (requires Win32s to be installed).
* QuarkXPress 4.0 (1997) - First version with bezier curves. Notable interface improvements are pop-up tools and tabbed dialog boxes. Windows 3.x is no longer supported.
* QuarkXPress 4.1 (1999) - First version to also support
* QuarkXPress 5 (2002) - First version to offer tables and export
* QuarkXPress Server (QuarkDDS) released.
* QuarkXPress 6 (2003) - First version to support
Mac OS X.
* QuarkXPress 6.1 (2004) - First version with Excel Import filter.
* QuarkXPress 6.5 (2004) - First version to also support the
Document Object Modeland picture retouching features.
* QuarkXPress 6.52 (2006) - Bug fix release, released after release of Quark 7.
* QuarkXPress 7 (2006) - First version to support OpenType, Unicode, PDF/X, Shadows/Transparencies,
Job Definition Formatand Composition Zones.
* QuarkXPress 7.01 (8 August 2006) - First native version for Intel Macs (Universal binary), plus PPML support.
* QuarkXPress 7.02 (2006) - Additional language support in Passport.
* QuarkXPress 7.1 (2007) - Performance update.
* QuarkXPress 7.2 (2007) - First version to support
Windows Vista, additional languages.
* QuarkXPress 7.3 (2007) - Increased UI localization and PDF support, improved performance and stability.
* QuarkXPress 7.31 (2007) - Certification on
Windows Vista, support for Mac OS X v10.5("Leopard"), enhancements to spell checking.
* QuarkXPress 7.4 (2008) - non public release, only for QPS customers.
* QuarkXPress 7.5 (2008) - Bug fix release, released after release of Quark 8.
* QuarkXPress 8 (2008) - New UI, drag & drop support, direct image manipulation, customizable optical margin alignment, multiple baseline grids, East Asian support, Flash authoring built-in.
* QuarkXPress 8.01 (2008) - Spellchecker enhancements
Quark Publishing System
* [http://www.quark.com/products/xpress/ QuarkXPress (official site)]
* [http://www.quark.com/products/server7/ QuarkXPress Server (official site)]
* [http://getconnected.quark.com/ QuarkXPress Server community]
* [http://www.quarkvsindesign.com/ Quark VS InDesign.com] Conversion tools with InDesign:
* [http://www.markzwarestore.com/q2id/ Markzware Quark to InDesign Converter]
* [http://www.markzware.com/id2q/ Markzware InDesign to Quark Converter]
* [http://www.quark.com/service/desktop/training/quarked.cfm QuarkEd free e-learning files on quark.com]
* [http://quarkvsindesign.com/news/archives/category/how-to/ Quark VS InDesign.com: How-To]
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Look at other dictionaries:
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