Pi Kappa Phi

Pi Kappa Phi (also known as Pi Kapp) is an American social fraternity. It was founded by Andrew Alexander Kroeg, Jr., Lawrence Harry Mixson, and Simon Fogarty, Jr. on December 10, 1904 at the College of Charleston in Charleston, South Carolina. The fraternity has 129 active chapters, 92 alumni chapters, 12 colonies, and more than 100,000 initiated members.cite web
title = Pi Kapp Facts
work= |url= http://pikapp.org/aboutus/facts.cfm
] Pi Kappa Phi is the only Greek-letter organization to own and operate its own philanthropy, Push America, which works with individual chapters to serve people with disabilities. Push America hosts a number of national events including Journey of Hope, a 4,100-mile bicycle ride across the United States that raises money and awareness for people with disabilities.cite web
title = Journey of hope
work= |url= http://pushamerica.org/events/JOH/
publisher= Push America
accessdate=2007-12-17
]

History

Nu Phi

In 1904, the College of Charleston was a small, municipal college. The all-male college was the first to be supported solely by city funds, and the eleventh oldest in the United StatesFact|date=June 2008. In 1897, the college saw the creation of its athletic program, and by 1904, the basketball, football and baseball programs were a popular entertainment outlet. There was also a thriving campus literary society called the Chrestomathics, which allowed students to expand their education. Activities included debating ideas and issues of the times. The college's monthly magazine was staffed by the officers of the Chrestomathics, forming the equivalent of a modern day student government.

In 1904, a man named Andrew Alexander Kroeg, Jr. was a 19-year-old senior at the college. His father was an insurance salesman who owned a business on Broad Street in Charleston, South Carolina. Simon Fogarty, Jr., a 17-year-old junior, was a friend of Kroeg's. Fogarty, the son of a Charleston grocer, lived down the street from Kroeg and was a member of the college's baseball, basketball, and football teams. Lawrence Harry Mixson was a 16-year-old sophomore and close childhood friend to Fogarty. Mixson was also on all three of the college's athletic teams. "Harry" had been destined to work for his father in Charleston at the family's successful seed business.

At this time, students at the college were known to be extremely competitive in their endeavors in and out of the classroom. The three friends were no exception to this and set a goal to obtain officer positions within the Chrestomathic Literary Society. In 1904, there were only three chapters of national fraternities on campus and the organizations developed a slate of candidates. All fraternity men were sworn to vote for these candidates, making it virtually impossible for any non-fraternity men to win election.

Kroeg, Mixson, Fogarty, and a group of their friends, all non-fraternity men, were angered by the move and knew they had no chance of election unless an opposition party was formed. Several meetings were held at Mixson's home on Wentworth Street leading to the formation of "Nu Phi," which stood for non-fraternity. The group of 15 men developed an opposing slate and began campaigning.

The group adopted the outline of a hand as its secret symbol. A sketched hand on a classroom chalkboard signified an upcoming meeting. Inside the hand was written the meeting time and the host's last name.

The society elections were heated. The Nu Phis even assigned a member to kidnap those who might vote for the fraternity ticket on election day. However, the Nu Phi ticket was not victorious in the elections. Later, it was revealed that several disloyal members cast their votes for the opposing fraternity slate. Kroeg, determined to see his friends have a chance at winning elections, decided that the only way to gain the influence of the fraternity men on campus was to begin his own fraternity.cite web
title = Non fraternity
work=
url= http://www.pikapp.org/flash/history/non_fraternity.swf|publisher= Pi Kappa Phi
accessdate=2007-12-17
]

Founding

On December 10, 1904, a meeting of the loyal Nu Phi's was held at Fogarty's home at 90 Broad Street in order to found a new fraternity. There were seven men in attendance at the meeting: Kroeg, Fogarty, Mixson, Anthony Pelzer Wagener, Thomas F. Mosimann, Theodore ("Teddy") Barnwell Kelley, and James Fogarty, Simon's younger brother. All of the original members were students at the college and had grown up together in Charleston.

Wagener was a scholar of Greek and Latin who would go on to teach Greek and Latin at William and Mary. It was he that recommended the letters Pi Kappa Phi and their secret meaning as the official new name of the group. At that first meeting, Harry Mixson wrote out the first minutes of Pi Kappa Phi Fraternity in dark green ink.

Because there were so many civic and honorary organizations in the city of Charleston, a visit to a local jeweler offered a great variety of possible fraternity badges from which to choose. Simon was the one who proposed the design of the fraternity's pin. In his words: "...a plain, diamond-shaped block of black enamel, bearing across its short diagonal an arched raised band of gold with scrolled edges projecting beyond the body of the pin. On this band were engraved, in black enamel, the Greek letters of ΠΚΦ. Engraved in gold on the body of the pin, above and below the band respectively, were the figures of a star and student's lamp." Simon also developed the secret grip of the fraternity which is taught upon initiation. Kroeg was selected as the new chapter's first Archon, a term taken from the name of a chief magistrate in ancient Greece. He then began work on a constitution for chapter. The group quickly set out to recruit new members to its ranks. Although H. Klugh Purdy is pictured with the original founders in the first group picture, he did not join until February 1905.

On December 10, 1905, the first anniversary of the fraternity's founding, Mixson's mother cooked the men a special dinner in her home to celebrate a successful first year as a fraternity. Today, chapters of Pi Kappa Phi celebrate "Founders Day" with a dinner or a similar ceremony marking the achievements of the founding fathers. Harry Mixson and Pelzer Wagener penned the fraternity's initiation ritual in 1906. The two men had attended historic St. John's Lutheran Church growing up. Fogarty added a Roman Catholic influence, and the ritual was developed in the "ideals of Christian manhood" (although it does not exclude men of other religions). Henry Patrick Wagener, Pelzer Wagener's younger brother, was the first member initiated under the ritual on March 24, 1906.

Expansion

That same year, the group was offered a charter from another U.S. fraternity, instead choosing to expand and create more Pi Kappa Phi chapters. The founders of Pi Kappa Phi had made many friends in the upstate of South Carolina at Presbyterian College through sports and other activities. Working off of those contacts, Kroeg was able to create interest in the formation of a second chapter. Alpha Chapter in Charleston, officially granted a charter for Beta Chapter at Presbyterian College on March 9, 1907. Due to a state law banning fraternities at state supported schools, Presbyterian College and the College of Charleston were the only two South Carolina schools where fraternities were allowed.

It was at this time that Teddy Kelly had moved to California to attend the University of California. There, he was able to stir interest in Pi Kappa Phi and the men of Charleston granted a long distance charter to Gamma Chapter. This was significant in that it made Pi Kappa Phi a national fraternity. Gamma Chapter was also the first chapter to obtain a house.

At this point, Kroeg was studying law at the College of Charleston. Seeing the need for the fraternity to protect its name and existence, Kroeg developed "Articles of Incorporation" and the name Pi Kappa Phi became legally registered in the state of South Carolina on December 23, 1907.

The interest in Pi Kappa Phi within South Carolina was growing despite laws and policies banning fraternities. In 1909, Delta Chapter at Furman University formed and operated "sub rosa" (in secret) until state laws changed, allowing fraternal organizations. In 1910, a charter was granted to Sigma Chapter at the University of South Carolina and the chapter was operated as the Sigma Club due to the laws banning fraternities.

Coat of arms

In 1909, the fraternity developed its first coat of arms. Originally, the coat of arms had only two stars, and a student's lamp below the chevron. Instead of a lamp and book, the original crest was a hand, holding a red rose (perhaps in recognition of Delta Chapter operating sub rosa). The first motto was the Latin: Nil Separabit, meaning "Nothing Shall Separate Us."

The coat of arms was modified many times in the early years as historical symbols of Charleston were incorporated. The current coat of arms is much different from the original. A third star and the swords were added, first turned downward, later upward. The lamp was moved to the crest and the motto was changed to Greek: OΥΔΕΝ ΔΙΑΣΠΑΣΕΙ ΗΜΑΣ, meaning, "Nothing Shall Ever Tear Us Asunder."

tar & Lamp

With a national fraternity, the founders realized the need for open communication between chapters, particularly with Gamma Chapter. The Pi Kappa Phi Fraternity Journal was begun in 1909 with Henry Wagener as editor. In 1911, the fraternity would change the name of its official publication to the Star & Lamp, a name which endures to this day.

The journal has received numerous awards from the College Fraternity Editors Association. In 2005, the CFEA awarded Star & Lamp the Fred F. Yoder Award for Excellence.cite web
title = 2005 CFEA Award Winners
work =
url = http://cfea.org/2005/06/20/2005-cfea-award-winners/
publisher= College Fraternity Editors Association
accessdate=2008-06-04
]

Mission statement

cquote|"Leaders By Choice."

The expression of shared values and ideals as contained in the Ritual of Initiation, Supreme Law and Fraternity policy;

The pursuit of brotherhood through scholarship, leadership, service, and personal experiences;

The achievement of personal excellence in each member and collective excellence in our Fraternity;

A lifelong brotherhood of its members.cite web
title = Mission statement
work=
url= http://www.pikapp.org/AboutUs/mission.cfm
publisher= Pi Kappa Phi
accessdate=2007-12-20
]

C.L.A.S.S.

In the membership education process of all Pi Kappa Phi (Pi Kapps), one of the more commonly stressed notions is that a Pi Kapp is a man of C.L.A.S.S.This stands for Character, Leadership, Academics, Sportsmanship, Service.It is these ideals that the national organization and individual chapters strive to attain throughout the recruitment and new member education processes, as well as lifelong objectives of every brother. The national organization adapted this acronym from the original version developed in 1991 by Todd Kline of the Eta Gamma chapter in Boulder, Colorado. That chapter still recognizes the original acronym which stands for Chivalry, Loyalty, Accountability, Scholarship and Sportsmanship.cite web
title = C.L.A.S.S.
work=
url= http://www.pikapp.org/whyjoin/flash/class.swf
publisher= Pi Kappa Phi
accessdate=2007-12-20
]

Noteworthy alumni as recognized by national headquarters

Arts

*Thomas Hart Sayre, Sculptor and Artist, "Kappa (University of North Carolina)"
*David Beahm, Designer, "Epsilon Alpha (Elon University)"

Business

*Dick Bartlett, Vice Chairman Mary Kay, Member World Economic Forum, "Alpha Epsilon (University of Florida)
*Glen Porter Brock, Former President and Chairman, Illinois Central Gulf Railroad, "Upsilon (University of Illinois)"
*Dennis Cakebread, Owner/Director ofSales, Cakebread Cellars, "Gamma (University of California, Berkeley)"
*R. Eugene Cartledge, Former Chairman, Union Camp Corporation, "Omicron (University of Alabama)"
*Joe Forehand, Former Chairman and CEO, Accenture, "Alpha Iota (Auburn University)"
*Ben Hill Griffin, Jr., Citrus magnate and politician from Florida, "Alpha Epsilon (University of Florida)"
*Mark Clayton Hollis, Former CEO, Publix Supermarkets, "Chi" (Stetson University)"
*David Dwight Morgan Sr., Former Owner and President, United Teacher Associates Insurance Company, "Beta Omicron (Northwestern State University)"
*Parker Pete Petit, Chairman and CEO, Matria Healthcare "Iota (Georgia Tech)"
*David Ratcliffe, CEO, Southern Company "Beta Tau (Valdosta State University)"
*Bruce L. Rogers, Co-Founder and Managing Director, KRG Capital, "Chi (Stetson University)"
*Robert C. Sledd, Chairman, Performance Food Group, "Alpha Sigma (University of Tennessee)"
*Kevin Smilak, Co-founder, Scour, "Eta Sigma (UCLA)"
*John Darrell Wainio, CEO, Pangea Capital Investments "Omicron (University of Alabama)"
*Bradley E. Singer, CFO, Discovery Communications, former CFO, American Tower Corporation "Beta Upsilon (University of Virginia)"

Entertainment

*Randy Owen, Lead singer of Alabama, "Delta Epsilon (Jacksonville State University)"
*Trevor Penick, Pop music singer, "Zeta Rho (California State University, Fullerton)"
* George Fisher, Lead singer of American Death metal band Cannibal Corpse

Government

*Howard Baker, Former Senate Majority Leader and Former U.S. Ambassador to Japan, "Alpha Sigma (University of Tennessee)"
*Phil Bryant, Lieutenant Governor of Mississippi, "Theta Alpha (University of Southern Mississippi)"
*Carroll A. Campbell, Jr., Former governor of South Carolina, "Sigma (University of South Carolina)"
*Howard Coble, U.S. Congressman, "Epsilon Iota (UNC-Greensboro)"
*Philip Crane, Former U.S. Congressman from Illinois, U.S. House of Representatives (Ill.), "Alpha Iota (Auburn University)"
*James Edwards, Former Governor of South Carolina and former U.S. Secretary of Energy under President Reagan, "Alpha (College of Charleston)"
*Henry H. Fowler, Former Secretary of the Treasury, "Xi (Roanoke College)"
*Lindsey Graham, U.S. Senator from South Carolina, "Sigma (University of South Carolina)"
*George M. Grant, Former U.S. Congressman from Alabama, "Omicron (University of Alabama)"
*Albert S. Herlong, Jr., Former U.S. Congressman from Florida, "Alpha Epsilon (University of Florida)"
*Ernest Hollings, Former U.S. Senator & governor of South Carolina, "Alpha (College of Charleston)"
*Olin D. Johnston, Former Governor of South Carolina, "Zeta (Wofford College)"
*Dan K. Moore, Former Governor of North Carolina, "Kappa (University of North Carolina)"
*Ollie Wilson Nabors, Former U.S. Senator from Alabama, "Omicron (University of Alabama)"
*Gaylord Nelson, Former U.S. Senator & Governor of Wisconsin, "Gamma Nu (LaGrange College)"
*Jon T. Rymer, Inspector General for FDIC, "Alpha Sigma (University of Tennessee)"
*James E. Rzepkowski, Former Maryland Delegate, "Eta Epsilon (University of Maryland)"
*Mark Singel, Former Lieutenant Governor and Acting Governor of Pennsylvania, "Alpha Mu (Pennsylvania State University)"
*Wayne Stenehjem, Attorney General of North Dakota, "Zeta Gamma (University of North Dakota)"
*George Bell Timmerman, Jr., Former Governor of South Carolina, "Sigma (University of South Carolina)"
*Richard Viguerie, Political Analyst, "Beta Nu (University of Houston)"
*George Wallace Jr., Former State Treasurer of Alabama, "Omicron (University of Alabama)"

Higher Education and Non-Profit

*George C. Griffin, Former Dean of Students, Georgia Tech, "Iota (Georgia Tech)"
*S. Walter Martin, President Emeritus, Valdosta State University, "Delta (Furman University)"
*Durward Owen, Past Director of North-American Interfraternity Conference Board of directors, "Xi (Roanoke College)"
*Ken Ruscio, President, Washington and Lee University, "Rho" (Washington and Lee)"
* Phillip M. Summers, Former President, Vincennes University, "Alpha Psi (Indiana University)"
* John Cullum Wilson, Former CEO, American Red Cross, "Eta" (Emory University)"

Journalism

*Rich Eisen, Journalist, NFL Network, "Alpha Kappa (Michigan)"
*David Goodnow, Anchor, CNN Headline News, "Alpha Psi (Indiana University)"
*Malcolm Johnson, Investigative Journalist and Pulitzer Prize winner, "Alpha Alpha (Mercer University)"
*Michael Senzon, Television Producer CNN, "Beta Tau (Valdosta State University)"

Judicial

*Benjamin F. Overton, Former Chief Justice Florida Supreme Court, "Alpha Epsilon (University of Florida)"
*Alan Sundberg, Former Justice Florida Supreme Court, "Beta Eta (Florida State)"
*James Turk, Former Senior United States District Judge, "Xi (Roanoke College)"

Literature

*Robert F. Inman, Author, "Omicron (University of Alabama)"
*Thomas Wolfe, Author, "Kappa (University of North Carolina)"

Military

*Leonard Anderson, Pilot, Blue Angels flight demonstration team, "Alpha Phi (Illinois Institute of Technology)"
*Brigadier General Thomas L. Carter, former Military Attache to President Reagan , United States Air Force Reserve, "Gamma Delta (University of Memphis)"
*Adrian Cronauer, voice behind Good Morning Vietnam, "Eta Epsilon (University of Maryland)"
*Marion "Hack" Mixson, U2 spy plane project, "Beta (Presbyterian College)"
*Hector Andres Negroni, Retired Colonel, U.S. Air Force, first Puerto Rican graduate of the United States Air Force Academy, "Alpha Upsilon (Drexel University)"
*John J. Yeosock, Lieutenant General, U.S. Army retired, "Alpha Mu (Pennsylvania State University)"
*Ronald J. Zlatoper, Admiral, US Navy, former Commander of the Pacific Fleet (CINCPAC), "Alpha Tau (Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute)"

ciences

*Roger Crouch, Astronaut, "Gamma Beta (Old Dominion University)"
*Ed Lu, Physicist and astronaut, "Psi (Cornell University)"
*Paul Braun, Materials Science, Professor at University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, "Psi (Cornell)"
*Russell Conwell Newhouse, Inventor Altimeter, "Alpha Nu (Ohio State)"
*Charles H. Townes, Nobel Prize-winning physicist, "Delta (Furman University)"
*Dean Ho, Nanotechnology researcher, Professor at Northwestern University, "Eta Sigma (UCLA)"

ports

*Wally Butts, Former head football coach of the University of Georgia Bulldogs, "Alpha Alpha (Mercer University)"
*Robert Graziano, Former President/CEO of the Los Angeles Dodgers, "Delta Rho (University of Southern California)"
*Jim Edmonds, All-Star Outfielder, Chicago Cubs, "Zeta Rho (California State University, Fullerton)"
*Tommy Lasorda, Former manager of the Los Angeles Dodgers, "member-at-large"
*John Eagleton, 3-Time Tennis All American, Current Record Holder Most Wins at the University of Miami, Kriek Eagleton Tennis Academy, "Sigma (University of South Carolina)"
*Joe Sewell, Major League Baseball Infielder and Baseball Hall of Fame inductee, "Omicron (University of Alabama)"cite web
title = Notable alumni
work=
url= http://www.pikapp.org/AboutUs/flash/famous.swf
publisher= Pi Kappa Phi
accessdate=2007-12-20
]
*Matt Arroyo, Professional mixed martial artist, "Beta Lambda (University of Tampa)"

Other

*Keith L. Ackerman, Eighth Bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of Quincy, "Alpha Iota (Auburn University)" [ [http://dioceseofquincy.org/ackerman_bio.html#organizations Diocese of Quincy - Biography of the Rt. Rev. Keith L. Ackerman ] ]
*Hunter T. Brewer, Founding Minister, Madison Heights Church (Madison, MS), "Alpha Eta (Samford University)"
*Dale Kinkade, linguist and specialist in Salishan languages, "Alpha Delta (University of Washington)"
*Valsin A. Marmillion, President- Marmillion & Company/ Top Campaign Strategist, "Beta Omicron (Northwestern State University)"
*Chris Moneymaker, Professional Poker Player and former winner of the "World Series of Poker" "Alpha Sigma (University of Tennessee)"
*Pat Rummerfield, world's first fully recovered quadriplegic, land speed world record holder, "Theta Iota (Washington State University)"

Chapters

To date, Pi Kappa Phi has granted 211 charters in 36 states and the District of Columbia. There are currently 129 active chapters and 12 colonies.

References

External links

* [http://www.pikapp.org/ Pi Kappa Phi National Headquarters]
* [http://www.pikapp.org/collegiate/chapters/index.cfm Pi Kappa Phi Chapters List]


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