name = Banks
image caption = These Moderate resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer Images from June 14 and 16, 2002, show Banks Island (upper left) and Victoria Island (to the southeast)
image size =
map_custom = no
native name =
native name link =
coordinates = coord|73|00|N|121|30|W|display=inline
Canadian Arctic Archipelago
total islands =
major islands =
area = convert|70028|km2|sqmi|abbr=on
rank = 24th
length = convert|380|km|mi|abbr=on
width = convert|290|km|mi|abbr=on
highest mount = Durham Heights
elevation = convert|730|m|ft|abbr=on
country = Canada
country admin divisions title = Territory
country admin divisions = flag|Northwest Territories
country admin divisions title 1 =
country admin divisions 1 =
country admin divisions title 2 =
country admin divisions 2 =
country largest city =
country largest city population =
population = 114
population as of = 2001
density = .0016
ethnic groups =
additional info =
One of the larger members of the
Canadian Arctic Archipelago, Banks Island (coord|73|0|N|121|30|W|type:isle_region:CA) is situated in the InuvikRegion of the Northwest Territories, Canada. It is separated from Victoria Island to its east by the Prince of Wales Straitand from the mainland by Amundsen Gulfto its south. The Beaufort Sealies to its west. To the northeast, McClure Straitseparates the island from Prince Patrick Islandand Melville Island.
It was named "Banks Island" in 1820 by Sir William Parry in honour of Sir
Joseph Banks. However, during the exploration of the area by Robert McClure(1850-1854) the island was marked on their maps as "Baring Island" [http://ve.tpl.toronto.on.ca/frozen_ocean/map_cresswell_chart.htm] .
The only permanent
Inuvialuitsettlement on the island, Sachs Harbouror Ikhuak, lies on the southwest coast. Two federal Migratory Bird Sanctuaries were founded on the island in 1961. The island is treeless, with the tallest plant, the arctic willow, growing occasionally to about the height of a person's knee but usually standing no taller than 10 cm.
Banks Island covers an area 70,028 km² (27,038 sq mi) and it is the world's 24th largest island and Canada's fifth largest island. It is approximately 380 km (236 mi) long, and at its widest point at the northern end, 290 km (180 mi) across. The highest point of the island is in the south,
Durham Heightsrising to about 730 m. [http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/index.cfm?PgNm=TCE&Params=A1ARTA0000509] It is part of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago, and had a population of 114 in 2001, all in Sachs Harbour. Banks Island is home to two thirds the worlds population of lesser snow geese, who make their way across the Amundsen Gulffrom the mainland. There is an annual goose hunt in the spring out of Sachs Harbour. The island is part of the Tundraworld biome, which has extremely cold winters. The island is home to Barren-ground Caribou, polar bears, musk-oxen, and birds such as robins and swallows. The Aulavik National Parkof Canada, a fly-in park, protects approximately 12,274 km² (4,739 sq mi) of Arctic lowlands at the northern end of the island. The park has the highest concentration of musk-oxen on earth, and is home to the endangered Peary Caribou. The Thomsen Riverruns through the park, and is the northernmost navigable river (by canoe) in North America. Ptarmiganand ravens are considered the only year-round birds in the park, although 43 different species make seasonal use of the area.
Grizzly-polar bear hybridfound in the wild, was on Banks Island in April 2006 near Sachs Harbour.
Aulavik National Park
Canadian Arctic islands
* Canada. "Banks Island, a Natural Area of Canadian Significance". Natural area of Canadian significance. Ottawa: Parks Canada, 1978.
* Cotter, R. C., and J. E. Hines. 2001. "Breeding Biology of Brant on Banks Island, Northwest Territories, Canada". "Arctic". 54: 357-366.
* Gajewski, K, R Mott, J Ritchie, and K Hadden. 2000. "Holocene Vegetation History of Banks Island, Northwest Territories, Canada". "Canadian Journal of Botany". 78: 430-436.
* Holyoak, D. T. "Notes on the Birds of Southwestern Banks Island, Northwest Territories, Canada". Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club, Vol.103,No.2, June. 1983.
* Manning, T. H., E. O. Höhn, and A. H. Macpherson. "The Birds of Banks Island". 1956.
* Stephens, L. E., L. W. Sobczak, and E. S. Wainwright. "Gravity Measurements on Banks Island, N.W.T". Gravity map series, no. 150. Ottawa: Dept. of Energy, Mines and Resources, Earth Physics Branch, 1972.
* Struzik, Ed. 2000. "AND THEN THERE WERE 84,000 - The Return of Musk-Oxen to Canada's Banks Island in Recent Decades Is Just One Chapter of a Beguiling Arctic Mystery". "International Wildlife". 30, no. 1: 28.
* Will, Richard T. "Utilization of Banks Island Muskoxen by Nineteenth Century Copper Inuit". [S.l.] : Boreal Institute for Northern Studies, 1983.
External links & References
* [http://www.uscg.mil/pacarea/healy/deployments/AEWS03/Northwest%20Passage/Historical%20Guide/Historical%20Guide.htm Historical sites of the Northwest Passage]
* [http://ve.tpl.toronto.on.ca/frozen_ocean/map_inglefield_1853.htm Chart of the Northwest Passage]
* [http://www.civilization.ca/hist/cae/exp36be.html Banks Island at civilization.ca]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Banks Island — werden folgende Inseln genannt, die kanadische Banksinsel, Insel im kanadisch arktischen Archipel, Nordwest Territorium, Kanada Banks Island (British Columbia), Insel in British Columbia, Kanada das australische Moa Island (auch als Banks Island… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Banks Island — [baŋks] [after Sir Joseph Banks (1743 1820), Eng botanist & explorer] westernmost island of the Arctic Archipelago, Canada: part of Inuvik region, Northwest Territories: 27,038 sq mi (70,028 sq km) … English World dictionary
Banks Island — Banks Island, 1) Insel im Stillen Ocean, zum britischen NAmerika gehörig; 2) Banks Islands, Inselgruppe, aus 17 kleinen Inseln bestehend, im Stillen Ocean; 3) Inselgruppe in Süd Australien, in Spencers Golf … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Banks Island — [ bæȖks aɪlənd], westlichste Insel des Kanadisch Arktischen Archipels, mit 70 028 km2 die fünftgrößte Insel Kanadas; an der Südwestküste Luftstützpunkt (Sachs Harbour), sonst, abgesehen von Trappern, unbewohnt … Universal-Lexikon
Banks Island — an island in the W Northwest Territories, in NW Canada. 24,600 sq. mi. (63,700 sq. km). * * * Island, Northwest Territories, Canada. The westernmost island in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago, it lies northwest of Victoria Island and is separated… … Universalium
Banks Island — Sp Bánkso salà Ap Banks Island L Kanada: Hekatės sąs. (Britų Kolumbija), Arkties ss. (ŠV teritorijos) … Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė
Banks Island — Banks′ Is′land n. geg an island in the W Northwest Territories, in NW Canada. 24,600 sq. mi. (63,700 sq. km) … From formal English to slang
Banks Island — /bænks ˈaɪlənd/ (say banks uyluhnd) noun an island of northern Canada, in the Arctic Archipelago; part of the Northwest Territories. 67 340 km2 … Australian English dictionary
Banks Island — geographical name island N Canada at W end of Arctic Archipelago area about 27,000 square miles (69,900 square kilometers) … New Collegiate Dictionary
Banks Island — an island in the W Northwest Territories, in NW Canada. 24,600 sq. mi. (63,700 sq. km) … Useful english dictionary