3 Maltese honey bee


Maltese honey bee

Maltese honey bee
Maltese honey bees on frame with queen cells
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Suborder: Apocrita
Superfamily: Apoidea
Family: Apidae
Genus: Apis
Species: A. mellifera
Subspecies: A. m. ruttneri
Trinomial name
Apis mellifera ruttneri
Sheppard, Arias, Grech & Meixner, 1997

The Maltese honey bee, Apis mellifera ruttneri, is a sub-species of the Western honey bee. It originates from Malta where it is native.

Contents

Origin

The bee is a sub-species of the Western honey bee that has naturalized and adapted to the environment of the Maltese Islands. It evolved as a different sub-species when the Maltese islands were cut off from mainland Europe.

Character and behavior

The bee is of relatively black colour. It is well adapted for high temperatures and dry summers and cool winters. Colonies have brood all year round and with good response to the seasons on the islands. They clean the hive well. They tend to swarm or supersede the queen when there are enough stores (generally swarms in Spring and supersedes in Autumn). A very defensive species against wasps, mice and beetles and can be very aggressive against beekeepers and trespassing people. Colonies also have some resistance to Varroa.[1]

History of species

The species is considered as making a comeback after Varroa was introduced to Malta in 1992. At that time colonies of bees from abroad were imported to compensate for the loss of native colonies. In 1997 the species was identified as a sub-species. It breeds well with the Italian sub-species making a strain that defends well against Varroa and has good honey yield, while less aggressive, although this is somewhat endangering the Maltese sub-species as a genetically distinct entity and after some generations it ends up a totally aggressive hybrid.

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Honey bee — For other uses, see Honey bee (disambiguation). This article refers collectively to all true honey bees; for the common domesticated honey bee, see European honey bee. Honeybees Temporal range: Oligocene–Recent …   Wikipedia

  • European honey bee — Taxobox name = Western honey bee ( Apis mellifera ) image caption = Honey bee approaching a Milk Thistle flowerhead regnum = Animalia phylum = Arthropoda classis = Insecta ordo = Hymenoptera subordo = Apocrita superfamilia = Apoidea familia =… …   Wikipedia

  • Diseases of the honey bee — or abnormal hive conditions include: Contents 1 Pests and parasites 1.1 Varroa mites 1.1.1 Treatment 1.2 Acarine (Tracheal) mit …   Wikipedia

  • Honey — For other uses, see Honey (disambiguation). Jars of honey and honeycomb …   Wikipedia

  • Africanized bee — Killer bee redirects here. For other uses, see Killer bees (disambiguation). Africanized honey bee Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia …   Wikipedia

  • Drone (bee) — A drone bee. Drone bees are characterized by their larger eyes, larger bodies (though the queen is usually even bigger), and stouter abdomens. Drones are male honey bees. They develop from eggs that have not been fertilized, and they cannot sting …   Wikipedia

  • Queen bee — For other uses, see Queen bee (disambiguation). Carniolan queen bee with attendants on a honeycomb. The term queen bee is typically used to refer to an adult, mated female that lives in a honey bee colony or hive; she is usually the mother of… …   Wikipedia

  • Apis mellifera ruttneri —   Abeja de Malta Apis mellifera ruttneri en …   Wikipedia Español

  • Secret Squirrel — Title Card Genre Cartoon Created by Hanna Barbera Voices of …   Wikipedia

  • National emblem — For the march, see National Emblem. A national emblem symbolically represents a nation. Most national emblems originate in the natural world, such as animals or birds, but another object may serve. National emblems may appear on many things such… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.