Alexander the Good
Alexander the Good ("Alexandru cel Bun"; "Alexandru I Muşat") was a
Voivode(Prince) of Moldaviabetween 1400 and 1432,cite book|last=Vauchez|first=Andre|title=Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages|publisher=Routledge|date=2001-04-01|isbn=1579582826|url=http://books.google.com/books?id=om4olQhrE84C&pg=PA966&dq=%22Alexander+the+Good%22+1400-1432&lr=&as_brr=3&ei=epBySPXoGp6MjAHCorn2Dg&sig=ACfU3U1sSr3y8c8QVqJ6eHb9f1bblw7etQ] son of Roman I Muşat. He succeeded Iuga to the throne,cite book|last=Williams|first=Henry Smith|title=The Historians' History of the World|publisher=Hooper & Jackson|date=1909|pages=p242|url=http://books.google.com/books?id=sB8QAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA242&dq=%22Alexander+the+Good%22&lr=&as_brr=3&ei=t4lySLnkA4LAigG6g6GCBg] and, as a ruler, initiated a series of reforms while consolidating the status of the Moldavian Principality.
Alexander expanded the bureaucratical system by creating the "Council of the Voivode", the
Chancellory and by adding (in 1403) the institution of " Logofăt" – Chancellor of the official Chancellery.
During his reign, he introduced new fiscal laws, by adding commercial
privileges to the traders of Lviv(1408) and Kraków(1409), improved the situation of the trading routes (especially the one linking the port of Cetatea Albăto Poland), strengthened the forts guarding them, and expanded the Moldavian ports of Cetatea Albă and Chilia.
The main concern of Alexander the Good was to defend the country in wars against superior armies. In order to do that, he forged a system of alliances with
Wallachiaand Poland, generally against Hungary (although he had been backed to the throne by Sigismund of Hungary). In 1402, he was sworn vassalof Jogaila, the King of Poland.cite book |author=King, Charles H. |authorlink= |editor= |others= |title=The Moldovans: Romania, Russia, and the politics of culture |edition= |language= |publisher=Hoover Institution Press |location=Stanford, CA |year=2000 |origyear= |pages= p15|quote= |isbn=0-8179-9791-1 |oclc= |doi= |url= http://books.google.com/books?id=ldBFWtuv8DQC&pg=PA15&dq=%22Alexandru+cel+Bun%22&lr=&as_brr=3&ei=E5dySLDxIJOkiwGD_LgO&sig=ACfU3U0UNLvwpqz_l8ihkhNIIDfnv05D4Q|accessdate=] The treaty was renewed in 1404, 1407, 1411 and 1415.
Alexander participated in two battles against the
Teutonic Knights: in 1410 at Grunwald and in 1422 at Marienburg . In 1420, he also defended Moldavia against the first incursion by Ottomans at Cetatea Albă. He also got involved in the power struggles of Wallachia, by helping Radu II Prasnaglavain 1418–1419 and Alexandru I Aldeain 1429, mostly in order to prevent the capture of Chilia.
Due to a territorial claim of Poland and the previous failure of the Polish king to fulfill his part of the vassality treaty during an Ottoman attack in 1420, Alexander launched an attack on Poland during the
Lithuanian Civil War (1431–1435). The attack ended with the treaty of Suceavaon November 18 1431.
Alexandru cel Bun had four legitimate wives – Margareta Loszonc, Ana Neacşa,
Rymgajla(daughter of Kęstutisand sister of Vytautas the Greatof Lithuania; divorced in 1421), and Mariana – and at least three concubines. He had twenty-four sons (including illegitimate) – six of them later reigning in Moldavia– and seventeen daughters. He was father-in-law to Vlad II Draculof Wallachia.
He died on
January 1 1432, and was buried in the Bistriţa Monastery.
* [http://genealogy.euweb.cz/balkan/balkan18.html Muşatin family]
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