Trifels Castle

Trifels Castle (German: "Reichsburg Trifels" (literally translated: Imperial Castle Trifels)) is a medieval castle at an elevation 500m near the small town of Annweiler, in the Palatinate, Germany. It is located on one peak of a three-way split red sandstone rock. (The name "Trifels" means "threefold rock".) The Trifels Castle is on the peak "Sonnenberg" (literally translated: sun mountain), and on both of the other two rock elevations there are castle ruins: Anebos and Münz.

Castle Trifels, where replicas of the Imperial Regalia (Reichskleinodien) of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation can be viewed, is one of the most popular tourist destinations in the Palatinate.

First mentioned in a document of 1081, in the 12th and 13th centuries it was a place of safekeeping for the Imperial Regalia of the Salian and Hohenstaufen Emperors. The castle is most famous as the place where the English King Richard I of England (Richard the Lionheart) was imprisoned after his return from the crusades (a period of three weeks is well documented: 31 March to 19 April 1193).

It is characterized by a large well tower outside the ring wall, linked to the castle by a bridge.

Timetable

Rise
* "1081" First mentioned in a deed of donation
* "1113" Imperial Castle
* "1125" Safekeeping of the Imperial Regalia by Duke Frederick II of Swabia after the death of Emperor Henry V.
* "approx. 1190" Construction of the main tower
* "1193 (-94?)" Imprisonment of the English King Richard the Lionheart
* "1194" Initial point of the campaign of Emperor Henry VI against the Normans and afterwards the hoard of the treasure of the Normans.
* "1208" Safekeeping of the Imperial Regalia by Chancellor Konrad III of Scharfenberg after the assassination of King Philip of Swabia
* "1219" The award of municipal laws to the settlement Annweiler with the award of the right to mint and issue coins (for the benefit of Trifels)
* "approx. 1230" Second building phase of the palace, construction of the well tower and start of construction of the ring wall
* "1241" Trifels is one of the most profitable possessions of the crown.
* "1246-98" Safekeeping of the Imperial Regalia

Decline

With the end of the Staufer Dynasty in the 13th century, Castle Trifels lost importance.
* "from 1310" Forfeiting of the Imperial Castle to changing territorial lords
* "from 1400" Continued decline of significance
* "1410" Transfer to the dukedom Palatinate-Zweibrücken
* "1602" Destruction by a lightning strike; abandonment and step by step decay of the castle

Restoration
* "1841" Beginning of restoration by the Kingdom of Bavaria
* "1866" Founding of the Trifels association
* "1935" Excavation in front of the main tower
* "1937" Assignment of the Bavarian prime minister Ludwig Siebert to upgrade the castle to a "national consecration site"
* "from 1938" New building work for several years at the palace. The new palace is not a historically realistic reconstruction
* "1954/55" Construction of the first castellan house and addition of the ring walls
* "1960" Construction of the second castellan house
* "1964/66" Enlargement of the main tower
* "1973/74" Collapse and rebuilding of the northern ring wall


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Anebos Castle — is a castle ruin in the Palatinate Forest south of Anweiler in Rhineland Palatinate, Germany.The remnants of this castle are located on top of a 300m high rocky low mountain range. Together with Trifels Castle and Scharfenberg Castle Anebos… …   Wikipedia

  • Annweiler am Trifels — Infobox Ort in Deutschland Art = Stadt image photo = Annweiler Rathaus.jpg Wappen = Wappen Annweiler am Trifels.png lat deg = 49 |lat min = 12 |lat sec = 12 lon deg = 7 |lon min = 58 |lon sec = 00 Lageplan = Bundesland = Rheinland Pfalz Landkreis …   Wikipedia

  • Neuscharfeneck Castle — Flemlingen …   Wikipedia

  • Richard I of England — Richard I redirects here. For others of the same name, see Richard I (disambiguation). Richard the Lionheart King of England (more..) Reign 6 July 1189 – 6 April 1199 Coronation 3 September 1 …   Wikipedia

  • Dürnstein — This article is about the village of Dürnstein in the Wachau. For the Dürnstein in Styria, see Dürnstein in der Steiermark. Dürnstein …   Wikipedia

  • Counts of Falkenstein (Rhineland-Palatinate) — Falkenstein Castle The Grafen von Falkenstein was a dynasty of German nobility descending from the Ministeriales of Bolanden, who held land and a castle at Falkenstein in the Palatinate region. Philipp IV of Bolanden, a treasurer to the Emperor… …   Wikipedia

  • Palatinate Forest — Geobox|Biosphere reserve Palatinate Forest Vosges du Nord name = Palatinate Forest native name = Pfälzerwald other name = other name1 = category local = Biosphere reserve category iucn = image size = image caption = Palatinate Forest in south… …   Wikipedia

  • Konrad III of Scharfenberg — Konrad von Scharfenberg (also Conrad de Scharfenberg) (c. 1165 – 24 March 1224) came from a family of knights that served the Holy Roman Empire. He came from the area around Trifels Castle. His family castle was Scharfenburg Castle (today Burg… …   Wikipedia

  • Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor — Infobox German Royalty|monarch name=Henry VI title= Holy Roman Emperor; King of The Romans, Burgundy, and Sicily; Duke of Swabia caption=Portrait of Henry VI from the Codex Manesse (folio 6r) succession = Holy Roman Emperor; King of Italy reign=… …   Wikipedia

  • Alex Berg — Herbert Reinecker (* 24. Dezember 1914 in Hagen; † 27. Januar 2007 in Kempfenhausen am Starnberger See) war ein deutscher Journalist und Autor von Jugendbüchern, Romanen und Drehbüchern. Er publizierte auch unter den Pseudonymen Alex Berg und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.