Renaissance architecture in Eastern Europe
Renaissance architecture was that style of architecture which evolved firstly in
Florenceand then Romeand other parts of Italy as the result of Humanismand a revived interest in Classical architecture. It was part of the general movement known as the Renaissancewhich spread outwards from Italy and effected many aspects of scholarship and the arts. When the Renaissance spirit was exported into Eastern Europe, it had to compromise with local traditions and climates. The Renaissance style differs from place to place throughout the region with many local characteristics making themselves apparent. main|Renaissance architecture
Renaissance architecture in the Kingdom of Poland
The main geopgraphical problem: Poland Hungary and Czech republic aren't eastern european countries, they are in
Central Europe Polish Renaissancearchitecture is divided into three periods: The First period ( 1500- 1550), is the so called "Italian". Most of Renaissance buildings were building of this time were by Italian architects, mainly from Florenceincluding Francesco Florentinoand Bartolomeo Berrecci.
In the Second period (
1550- 1600), Renaissance achitecture became more common, with the beginnings of Manneristand under the influence of the Netherlands, particularly in Pommerania. Buildings include the New Cloth Hall in Krakówand city halls in Tarnów, Sandomierz, Chełm(demolished) and most famously in Poznań.
In the Third period (
1600- 1650), the rising power of Jesuitsand Counter Reformationgave impetus to the development of Mannerist architecture and Baroque. [ Harald Busch, Bernd Lohse, Hans Weigert, "Baukunst der Renaissance in Europa. Von Spätgotik bis zum Manierismus", Frankfurt af Main, 1960
Wilfried Koch, "Style w architekturze", Warsaw 1996
Tadeusz Broniewski, "Historia architektury dla wszystkich" Wydawnictwo Ossolineum, 1990
Mieczysław Gębarowicz, "Studia nad dziejami kultury artystycznej późnego renesansu w Polsce", Toruń 1962]
Renaissance architecture in the Kingdom of Hungary
One of the earliest places to be influenced by the Renaissance style of architecture was
Hungary- in fact the Apostolic Kingdom was the first to embrace the Renaissance north of the Alps. The style appeared following the marriage of King Matthias Corvinusand Beatrix of Naples in 1476. Matthias was 15 when he was elected King of Hungary. He was educated in Italian, and his fascination with the achievements of the Italian Renaissance led to the promotion of Mediterranean cultural influences in Hungary. Many Italian artists, craftsmen and masons arrived at Budawith the new queen. One of whom, Aristotile Fioravanti, travelled from Hungary to Moscowwhere he built the Cathedral of the Dormition. The most important work of Hungarian Renaissance ecclesiastical architecture is the Bakócz Chapel in Esztergom. [ [http://www.hung-art.hu/kep/zmisc/faragvan/162_sz/bakocz01.jpgImage of Bakócz Chapel] (1506-08) ] . It was the first centrally conceived chapel outside of Italy. In 1823 the medieval church was rebuilt and the chapel, to incorporate it into the new Neo-Classical Esztergom Cathedral, was moved stone by stone to a differen position. Buda Castlewas enlarged and modernized in Renaissance style. King Matthias also built a sumptuous summer palace in Visegrád. His successor, King Ulászló II built an Italianate hunting lodge in Budanyék. These monuments were largely destroyed in the Ottoman wars but the remains of the Visegrád Palace were partially reconstructed around 2000 and 69 years ago [ [http://www.permea07.mke.org.hu/images/visegrad2.jpgimage of reconstructed Visegrád Palace] ] .
The Ottoman conquest of Hungary in 1526 put an abrupt end to the short-lived Hungarian Renaissance. The royal court ceased to exist but Hungarian landowner families in the
Royal Hungarybuilt a lot of provincial Renaissance castles in the 16-17th centuries. The most important of them was the RákócziCastle in Sárospatak.
Many significant Renaissance castles were built in
Transylvania, that time an independent principality. The palace of Gabriel Bethlenin Gyulafehérvár(now Alba Iulia, Romania) was designed by Italian architects. The Transylvanian Renaissance lasted well until the first half of the 18th century because of the aesthetical conservatism of the country. The vernacular architecture of Transylvania preserved Renaissance details especially long.
Gallery of Renaissance buildings
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Renaissance architecture — Tempietto di San Pietro in Montorio, Rome, 1502, by Bramante. This small temple marks the place where St Peter was put to death … Wikipedia
Cathedral architecture of Western Europe — A cathedral is a church, usually Roman Catholic, Anglican, or Eastern Orthodox, housing the seat of a bishop. The word cathedral takes its name from the word cathedra , or Bishop s Throne (In Latin: ecclesia cathedralis ). The term is often… … Wikipedia
Architecture of Toronto — The architecture of Toronto is most marked by its being the financial and cultural capital of Canada. Once an important port and manufacturing centre, today Toronto s economy is dominated by the service sector.Toronto has traditionally been a… … Wikipedia
Architecture of Portugal — refers to the architecture practised in the territory of present day Portugal since before the foundation of the country, in the 12th century. The term may also refer to buildings created under Portuguese influence or by Portuguese architects… … Wikipedia
Europe, history of — Introduction history of European peoples and cultures from prehistoric times to the present. Europe is a more ambiguous term than most geographic expressions. Its etymology is doubtful, as is the physical extent of the area it designates.… … Universalium
Europe — For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). Europe … Wikipedia
architecture — /ahr ki tek cheuhr/, n. 1. the profession of designing buildings, open areas, communities, and other artificial constructions and environments, usually with some regard to aesthetic effect. Architecture often includes design or selection of… … Universalium
Eastern Orthodoxy — the faith, practice, membership, and government of the Eastern Orthodox Church. * * * officially Orthodox Catholic Church One of the three major branches of Christianity. Its adherents live mostly in Greece, Russia, the Balkans, Ukraine, and the… … Universalium
Architecture of Denmark — Renaissance styled Frederiksborg Palace completed by Hans van Steenwinckel the Younger in 1620 … Wikipedia
Renaissance in Poland — The Renaissance in Poland ( pl. Odrodzenie, literally Rebirth ) lasted from the late 15th century to the late 16th century and is widely considered to be the Golden Age of Polish culture. The Kingdom of Poland (from 1569 known as the Polish… … Wikipedia