Julius C. Burrows
name = Julius C. Burrows
United States Senatorfrom Michigan
January 24, 1895
March 3, 1911
John Patton, Jr.
Charles E. Townsend
district2 = 3
state2 = Michigan
March 4, 1893
January 23, 1895
district3 = 4
state3 = Michigan
March 4, 1885
March 3, 1893
George L. Yaple
Henry F. Thomas
March 4, 1879
March 3, 1883
Edwin W. Keightley
George L. Yaple
March 4, 1873
March 3, 1875
Wilder D. Foster
January 9, 1837
North East, Pennsylvania
November 16, 1915
party = Republican
Julius Caesar Burrows (
January 9, 1837– November 16, 1915) was a U.S. Representativeand a U.S. Senatorfrom the state of Michigan.
Early life and education
Burrows was born in
North East, Pennsylvaniaand moved then with his parents to Ashtabula County, Ohio. He attended district school, Kingsville Academy, and Grand River Institute in Austinburg, Ohio. He studied law and was admitted to the bar at Jefferson, Ohioin 1859. He moved to Richland, Michiganin 1860. He was principal of the Richland Seminaryand commenced the practice of law in nearby Kalamazoo in 1861.
Military and legal careers
Burrows raised an infantry company in 1862 to fight in the
American Civil Warand served as its captain until the fall of 1863. He was elected circuit court commissioner in 1864 and was prosecuting attorney for Kalamazoo County 1866-1870. He declined appointment as supervisor of internal revenue for Michigan and Wisconsin in 1868.
In 1872, Burrows was elected as a Republican from
Michigan's 4th congressional districtto the U.S. House of Representatives for the 43rd Congress, serving from March 4, 1873to March 3, 1875. He was chairman of the Committee on Expenditures in the Department of the Navy.
Burrows was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1874, but was subsequently elected to the 46th and 47th Congresses, serving from
March 4, 1879to March 3, 1883. He was chairman of the Committee on Territories in the 47th Congress.
Burrows is sometimes cited as a contributing factor in why
New Mexicowas delayed in achieving statehood.Fact|date=February 2007 In an 1876 debate, Burrows, an admired orator, spoke forcefully in favor of a bill intended to protect the civil rights of freed black slaves. Stephen B. Elkins, the New Mexico TerritoryDelegate to Congress arrived late, just as Burrows was finishing. Unaware of the full import of Burrows speech, Elkins shook his colleague's hand in congratulations, a gesture that many southern congressmen interpreted as support for the civil rights legislation. As a result, Elkin's handshake with Burrows is blamed for costing New Mexico the votes of several southern votes needed to achieve statehood. While Colorado achieved statehood in 1876, New Mexico remained a territory for another 36 years.
Burrows was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1882. He won re-election in 1884 to the 49th Congress, and subsequently to the five succeeding Congresses. He represented Michigan's 4th district from
March 4, 1885until March 3, 1893and the 3rd district from March 4, 1893until his resignation on January 23, 1895, having been elected U.S. Senator. He was chairman of the Committee on Levees and Improvements of Mississippi River in the 51st Congress.
Burrows was elected as a Republican to the
United States Senateto fill the vacancy caused by the death of Francis B. Stockbridgeand was reelected in 1899 and 1905, serving from January 24, 1895to March 3, 1911.
He was an unsuccessful candidate for renomination in 1910. He was chairman of the Committee on Revision of the Laws of the United States in the 54th through 56th Congresses and of the Committee on Privileges and Elections in the 57th through 61st Congresses. He also served on the
Lodge Committeewhich investigated war crimesin the Philippine-American War. He was on the imperialist faction""Imperialist" is a term to differentiate those who supported the Philippine-American Waras opposed to "Anti-Imperialists" who were against the war. The origin of the two terms comes from the formation of the now defunct Anti-Imperialist League, a group opposed to the annexation and/or invasion of several countries by America between 1898 and 1921. Today it is a common term of historians to use the term "Imperialist" and "Anti-Imperialists" to differentiate the differences between the two groups. See "Benevolent Assimilation: The American Conquest of the Philippines from 1899 to 1903", Stuart Creighton Miller, (Yale University Press, 1982) for an excellent example of this phenomenon throughout the entire book.] led by Henry Cabot Lodgein support of the Philippine-American War. He was also a member of the National Monetary Commissionand its vice chairman 1908-1912.
After this, Burrows retired from active business pursuits and political life. He died in Kalamazoo and is interred in Mountain Home Cemetery there.
*"American National Biography"
*"Dictionary of American Biography"
*Holsinger, M. Paul. "J.C. Burrows and the Fight Against Mormonism from 1903 to 1907." "Michigan History" 52 (Fall 1968): 181-95
*Orcutt, Dana. "Burrows of Michigan and the Republican Party." New York: Longmans, Green and Company, 1917.
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