Harmonice Musices Odhecaton
The Harmonice Musices Odhecaton (also known simply as the Odhecaton) was an anthology of secular songs published by Ottaviano Petrucci in 1501 in Venice. It was the first book of music ever to be printed using movable type, and was hugely influential both in publishing in general, and in dissemination of the Franco-Flemish musical style.
Seeing the business potential for music printing, in 1498 Petrucci had obtained an exclusive 20-year license for all printing activities related to music anywhere in the Venetian Republic. Three years later, in 1501, he brought out his first anthology, 96 secular songs, mostly polyphonic French chansons, for three or four voice parts, calling it the Harmonice musices odhecaton. For this work he printed two parts on the right-hand side of a page, and two parts on the left, so that four singers or instrumentalists could read from the same sheet. The type was probably designed, cut, and cast by Francesco Griffo and Jacomo Ungaro, both of whom were in Venice at the time. The collection included music by some of the most famous composers of the time, including Johannes Ockeghem, Josquin des Prez, Antoine Brumel, Antoine Busnois, Alexander Agricola, Jacob Obrecht, and many others, and was edited by Petrus Castellanus, a Dominican friar who was maestro di cappella of San Giovanni e Paolo. Inclusion of composers in this famous collection did much to enhance their notability, since the prints, and the technology, were to spread around Europe in the coming decades.
The Odhecaton used the triple-impression technique, in which first the musical staff was printed, then the text, and then the notes. Most of the 96 pieces, although they were written as songs, were not provided with the text, implying that instrumental performance was intended for many of them. Texts for most can be found in other manuscript sources or later publications.
The first edition of the Odhecaton (Harmonice Musices Odhecaton A) does not survive complete, and the exact publication date is not known, but it includes a dedication dated May 15, 1501. The second and third editions were printed on January 14, 1503 and May 25, 1504, respectively. Each corrected several errors of the previous editions. Petrucci published two further anthologies, the Canti B and Canti C, in 1502 and 1504, respectively.
Petrucci's publication not only revolutionized music distribution: it contributed to making the Franco-Flemish style the international musical language of Europe for the next century, since even though Petrucci was working in Italy, he chiefly chose the music of Franco-Flemish composers for inclusion in the Odhecaton, as well as in his next several publications. A few years later he published several books of native Italian frottole, a popular song style which was the predecessor to the madrigal, but the inclusion of Franco-Flemish composers in his many publications was decisive on the diffusion of the musical language.
- Boorman, Stanley. "Petrucci, Ottaviano (dei)", Grove Music Online, ed. L. Macy (Accessed December 10, 2006), (subscription access)
- Boorman, Stanley, Eleanor Selfridge-Field, and Donald W. Krummel. "Printing and Publishing of Music", Grove Music Online, ed. L. Macy (Accessed December 10, 2006), (subscription access)
- Gleason, Harold, and Warren Becker. Music in the Middle Ages and Renaissance (Music Literature Outlines Series I). Bloomington, Indiana: Frangipani Press, 1986. ISBN 089917034X
- Reese, Gustav. Music in the Renaissance. New York, W.W. Norton & Co., 1954. ISBN 0-393-09530-4
- Amherst Early Music has published a spiral-bound performance edition of the Odhecaton which lies flat and contains no page turns.
- Facsimile of Harmonice Musices Odhecaton by Ottaviano Petrucci: Free scores at the International Music Score Library Project.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Harmonice Musices Odhecaton — Este artículo o sección necesita referencias que aparezcan en una publicación acreditada, como revistas especializadas, monografías, prensa diaria o páginas de Internet fidedignas. Puedes añadirlas así o avisar … Wikipedia Español
Odhecaton (banda) — Odhecaton Datos generales Origen Italia Información artística … Wikipedia Español
Ottaviano Petrucci — Partes de Superius/Tenor de las Lamentationum Jeremie... liber primus und secundus. Publicado en Venecia por O. Petrucci en 1506. [Civico Museo Bibliografico Musicale, Bologna]. Ottaviano Petrucci (Fossombrone, 1466 Venecia, 1539) fue un… … Wikipedia Español
Gaspar van Weerbeke — Jaspar ou Gaspart van Werbeke ou Werbeck Naissance vers 1445 Diocèse de Tournai Pays Bas bourguignons Décès après 1516 … Wikipédia en Français
Ottaviano Petrucci — (18 June 1466 – 7 May 1539) was an Italian printer. His Harmonice Musices Odhecaton, a collection of chansons printed in 1501, is commonly misidentified as the first book of sheet music printed from movable type. Actually that distinction belongs … Wikipedia
Ottaviano Petrucci — Frontispiz der Harmonice Musices, 1501 Seite aus Lamentationum Jeremie, 1506 Ottaviano dei Petrucci (* 18. Juni 1466 in Fossombrone bei … Deutsch Wikipedia
Ottaviano dei Petrucci — Frontispiz der Harmonice Musices, 1501 Seite aus Lamentationum Je … Deutsch Wikipedia
Johannes Tinctoris — Naissance 1435 ? Braine l Alleud Décès 1511 Nationalité brabançonne Johannes Tinctoris ou Jean … Wikipédia en Français
Cancionero de Segovia — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda El Cancionero de Segovia (Segovia, Catedral, Archivo Capitular, s.s. (antiguo18)), también conocido como Cancionero de la Catedral de Segovia o Cancionero Musical de Segovia (CMS) es un manuscrito que contiene música … Wikipedia Español
Sheet music — For other uses, see Sheet music (disambiguation). Sheet music is written representation of music. This is a homorhythmic (i.e., hymn style) arrangement of a traditional piece entitled Adeste Fideles, in standard two staff format for mixed voices … Wikipedia