James L. Stone

Infobox Military Person
name= James L. Stone
born= birth date and age|1922|12|27
died=
placeofbirth= Pine Bluff, Arkansas
placeofdeath=
placeofburial=


caption= Medal of Honor recipient James L. Stone
nickname=
allegiance= United States of America
branch= United States Army
serviceyears=
rank= Colonel
unit=8th Cavalry Regiment, 1st Cavalry Division
battles=Korean War
awards=Medal of Honor Purple Heart
relations=
laterwork=

James L. Stone (born December 27, 1922) is a United States Army officer and a recipient of America's highest military decoration—the Medal of Honor—for his actions in the Korean War. He was awarded the medal for his conspicuous leadership during a fight against overwhelming odds, for continuing to lead after being wounded, and for choosing to stay behind after ordering others to retreat, a decision which led to his capture by Chinese forces.

Military service

Stone joined the Army from Houston, Texas, and by November 21, 1951 was serving as a First Lieutenant in Company E of the 8th Cavalry Regiment, 1st Cavalry Division. On that morning, Stone's platoon relieved another American unit that was manning a hilltop outpost above the Imjin River near Sokkogae, Korea.

At about 9:00 pm on the 21st, Chinese forces launched an artillery and mortar attack against the outpost, followed by a series of infantry assaults. Stone led his platoon's defense against the battalion-sized force. Just after midnight, a second battalion joined the Chinese assault, pitting Stone's forty-eight man platoon against roughly eight hundred enemy soldiers. Wounded three times during the battle, Stone continued to lead his men and fight, including in hand-to-hand combat. Realizing the defense was hopeless, Stone ordered those men who could still walk to leave and rejoin the rest of Company E, while he stayed behind with the badly wounded to cover their retreat. Stone eventually lost consciousness and, just before dawn on November 22, he and the six remaining men of his platoon were captured by Chinese forces.

After regaining consciousness, Stone was interrogated by the Chinese before being sent to a prison camp on the Yalu River. After twenty-two months of captivity, he was released in a prisoner exchange on September 3, 1953. Upon his liberation, Stone learned that he was to receive the Medal of Honor for his actions during the battle near Sokkogae.

Stone's Medal of Honor was officially approved on October 20, 1953 and presented to him a week later. At a ceremony in the White House on October 27, President Dwight Eisenhower presented Medals of Honor to Stone and six others.

Stone reached the rank of colonel before retiring from the Army.

Medal of Honor citation

First Lieutenant Stone's official Medal of Honor citation reads:

1st Lt. Stone, distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and indomitable courage above and beyond the call of duty in action against the enemy. When his platoon, holding a vital outpost position, was attacked by overwhelming Chinese forces, 1st Lt. Stone stood erect and exposed to the terrific enemy fire calmly directed his men in the defense. A defensive flame-thrower failing to function, he personally moved to its location, further exposing himself, and personally repaired the weapon. Throughout a second attack, 1st Lt. Stone; though painfully wounded, personally carried the only remaining light machine gun from place to place in the position in order to bring fire upon the Chinese advancing from 2 directions. Throughout he continued to encourage and direct his depleted platoon in its hopeless defense. Although again wounded, he continued the fight with his carbine, still exposing himself as an example to his men. When this final overwhelming assault swept over the platoon's position his voice could still be heard faintly urging his men to carry on, until he lost consciousness. Only because of this officer's driving spirit and heroic action was the platoon emboldened to make its brave but hopeless last ditch stand.cite web
accessdate=2007-12-30
url = http://www.history.army.mil/html/moh/koreanwar.html
title = "JAMES L. STONE" entry
work = Medal of Honor Recipients: Korean War
date = July 16, 2007
publisher= CMH, U.S. Army
]

ee also

*List of Medal of Honor recipients
*List of Korean War Medal of Honor recipients

Notes

References

*cite web
accessdate=2007-12-30
url = http://www.history.army.mil/html/moh/koreanwar.html
title = "JAMES L. STONE" entry
work = Medal of Honor Recipients: Korean War
date = July 16, 2007
publisher= Center of Military History (CMH), United States Army

*cite web
last = Collier
first = Peter
publisher = Military.com
title = Medal of Honor Spotlight: James L. Stone
year = 2003
url = http://www.military.com/NewContent/0,13190,MoH_James_Stone,00.html
accessdate = 2007-02-15

Persondata
NAME= Stone, James L.
ALTERNATIVE NAMES=
SHORT DESCRIPTION= Army Medal of Honor recipient
DATE OF BIRTH=
PLACE OF BIRTH=
DATE OF DEATH=
PLACE OF DEATH=


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