Henry VII, Holy Roman Emperor

Henry VII ("Heinrich"; c. 1275 (or 1279) &ndash 24 August 1313) was the King of Germany (or "Rex Romanorum") from 1308 and Holy Roman Emperor from 1312. He was the first emperor of the House of Luxembourg. During his brief career he reinvigorated the imperial cause in Italy and inspired the praise of Dino Compagni and Dante Alighieri.

He was a son of Count Henry VI of Luxembourg and Beatrice of Avesnes. His son, John of Luxembourg, was elected as king of Bohemia in 1310. On 15 August 1309, Henry VII announced his intention to travel to Rome and expected his troops to be ready to travel by 1 October 1310. He then travelled to Rome to be crowned as emperor, the title having been vacant since the death of Frederick II. His coronation was on June 29, 1312.

As Emperor he planned to restore the glory of the Holy Roman Empire, and indeed he restored imperial power in parts of northern Italy, fighting against the anti-imperial commune of Florence. However, he quarrelled with the Guelphs and Ghibellines, especially in the free cities in Tuscany, and King Robert of Naples and Pope Clement V were both worried about his firm imperial policies. Henry wanted to punish Robert of Naples for his disloyal actions (As Count of Provence, Robert was technically Henry's vassal), but he died on August 24, 1313, near Siena.

Henry is the famous "alto Arrigo" in Dante's "Paradise", in which the poet is shown the seat of honor that awaits Henry in Heaven. Dante also alludes to him numerous times in "Purgatorio" as the savior who will bring imperial rule back to Italy, and end the inappropriate temporal control of the Church. Henry VII's success in Italy was not lasting, however, and after his death the anti-imperial forces regained control.

After the death of Henry VII, two rivals, the Wittelsbach Ludwig of Bavaria and Frederick the Handsome of the House of Habsburg, laid claim to the crown. Their dispute culminated in the Battle of Mühldorf on 28 September 1322, which was lost by Frederick.

Family and children

He was married in Tervuren 9 July 1292 with Margaret of Brabant, daughter of John I, Duke of Brabant and had the following children:
# John I, Count of Luxemburg (10 August, 129626 August, 1346),
# Marie (1304–26 March 1324, Issoudun-en-Berry), married in Paris 21 September 1322 to King Charles IV of France.
# Beatrix (1305–11 November 1319), married 1318 to King Charles I of Hungary.

References

* William M. Bowsky, "Henry VII in Italy", Lincoln, 1960.
* Maria Elisabeth Franke, "Kaiser Heinrich VII. im Spiegel der Historiographie", Köln/Weimar/Wien, 1992.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor — Infobox German Royalty|monarch name=Henry IV title = Holy Roman Emperor; King of Germany imgw = 150 reign = 1056 1105 1084 – 1105 reign type =Reign in Germany Reign as Emperor date1 = 11 November 1050 date2 = 7 August 1106 predecessor=Henry III… …   Wikipedia

  • Charles VII, Holy Roman Emperor — Charles VII Holy Roman Emperor; King of the Romans (King of Germany) Reign 24 January 1742 – 20 January 1745 ( 100000000000 …   Wikipedia

  • Holy Roman Emperor — Infobox Former Emperorship realm = the Holy Roman Empire insignia = Banner of the Holy Roman Emperor (after 1400).svg insigniasize = 120px insigniacaption = Flag of the Holy Roman Empire caption = Otto I the first Emperor first emperor = Otto I… …   Wikipedia

  • Holy Roman Emperor — noun sovereign of the Holy Roman Empire • Hypernyms: ↑emperor • Instance Hyponyms: ↑Charlemagne, ↑Carolus, ↑Charles, ↑Charles I, ↑Charles the Great, ↑Charles II, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor — Charles IV King of Bohemia, Count of Luxemburg Reign 26 August 1346–29 November 1378 Coronation 2 September 1347 …   Wikipedia

  • Otto IV, Holy Roman Emperor — Otto IV redirects here. For other uses, see Otto IV (disambiguation). Otto IV 19th Century impression of Otto IV Holy Roman Emperor Reign …   Wikipedia

  • Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor — Infobox German Royalty|monarch name=Frederick II title= Holy Roman Emperor; King of the Romans, Sicily, Cyprus and Jerusalem succession = Holy Roman Emperor reign= 1220 1250 predecessor = Otto IV successor = Henry VII coronation= succession1 =… …   Wikipedia

  • Otto III, Holy Roman Emperor — Otto III redirects here. For other uses, see Otto III (disambiguation). Otto III Otto III from the Gospels of Otto III. Holy Roman Emperor …   Wikipedia

  • Conrad II, Holy Roman Emperor — Konrad II redirects here. For other uses, see Conrad II (disambiguation). Conrad II The abdication of Conrad II from the Chronicle of Ekkehard von Aura. King of the Romans (also known as King of the Germans) …   Wikipedia

  • Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor — Frederick I Barbarossa [Meaning Redbeard .] (1122 ndash; 10 June 1190) was elected King of Germany at Frankfurt on 4 March 1152 and crowned in Aachen on 9 March, crowned King of Italy at Pavia in 1154, and finally crowned Holy Roman Emperor by… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.