Metre gauge


Metre gauge
Gauge EN.svg

Metre gauge refers to narrow gauge railways and tramways with a track gauge of 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in). In some African, American and Asian countries it is the main gauge. In Europe it has been used for local railways in France, Germany, and Belgium, most of which were closed down in mid 20th century. Only in Switzerland and northern Spain do huge metre gauge networks remain in continuous use. Also, many European urban trams run on metre gauge. With the revival of urban rail transport, in some cities metre gauge light metros were established, while in other cities metre gauge was replaced by standard gauge.

Contents

Present metre gauge railroad and tram systems

Asia

South-east Asia

  • Vietnam and joined
    • Yunnan–Vietnam Railway
  • Malaysia
  • Thailand (long haul-train)
  • Burma. Except for about 100 miles (160 km) of hill railway, the 2,000 miles (3,200 km) of Burmese railways is metre gauge.

South Asia

  • Bangladesh - 1,830 km (1,140 mi) (mostly in the central and eastern regions) and 365 km (227 mi) are dual gauge with 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) Indian gauge.
  • India - 9,000 km (5,600 mi) in 2011. The length was 24,158 km (15,011 mi) in 1951 rising to about 30,000 km (19,000 mi) in 1991 and has decreased considerably since then as metre gauge is being converted to Indian gauge of 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) under Project Unigauge. The length is planned to decrease more in the next few years.

Americas

Africa

Eastern Africa

Northern Africa

Western Africa

Europe

Austria

Belgium

Bulgaria

  • Tram of Sofia Tramway

Czech Republic

Croatia

Finland

France

Germany

Greece

  • Peloponnese (formerly SPAP) network

Italy

Latvia

Norway

Poland

Portugal

Romania

  • Trams of Arad
  • Trams of Iaşi

Russia

Serbia

  • Tram of Beograd

Slovakia

  • Tram of Bratislava
  • Tatra Electric Railways (Tatranské elektrické železnice)
  • Children's Railway, Košice (Detská železnica, Košice)

Spain

Switzerland

Ukraine

See also

External links


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