It was constructed sometime between
70and 80CE. Construction on Hadrian's Wallwas started 42 years after completion of the Gask Ridge (from 122to 130CE), and the Antonine Wallwas started just 12 years after completion of Hadrian's Wall (from 142to 144CE). Although the Gask Ridge was not a continuous wall, it may be Rome's earliest fortified land frontier.(Woolliscroft & Hoffmann 2007).
The fortifications approximately follow the boundary between Scotland's fertile Lowlands and mountainous Highlands, in
Perth and Kinrossand Angus. The later Hadrian's Walland Antonine Wallwere further south, and, by taking advantage of the heavily indented coastline of Great Britain, were considerably shorter.
The Gask Ridge consisted of a series of forts and fortlets with signalling towers. To the north lie the Strathmore forts of
Stracathro, Inverquharity, Cardean, Cargill I and II, as well as the legionary fortress of Inchtuthil, while the forts of Drumquhassle, Menteith/Malling, Bochastle, Doune, Dalginrossand Fendochfurther south are collectively referred to as the Glenblocker forts in the older literature. This is due to their location at the exit of some of the glens or directly opposite them. The relationship between the Glenblocker forts and the Gask Ridge has in the past been seen to represent a staged withdrawal (Breeze 1982). More recent research suggests that the three elements are actually part of the same frontier system, stretching roughly from Loch Lomond to Montrose. The Glenblocker forts in this scenario control access to major valleys in the frontier area, which actually loop back into the frontier area, rather than link to the Iron Age settlement concentration further north). Their role as an effective block to invasion is doubtful, as their situation would have allowed supervision, but their manpower is not strong enough to deter anything but small scale cattle raids. Only the legionary fortress at Inchtuthil, conveniently situated for access into Braemar and the areas beyond, is large enough to function as a major deterrent or springboard for future invasions. The Gask Road and the towers alongside it in this scenario guard the strategically important link to the harbours at the Firths of Tay and Forth and the Southern part of the province. (Woolliscroft & Hoffmann 2007) Tacituswrites in De vita Iulii Agricolaethat Agricola was fighting in the area in around 80CE. The latest coinage dates from 86CE. This would suggest that the forts were occupied for at most 6 years. However, recent archaeology has shown that many of the forts comprising the Gask Ridge were rebuilt over time, sometimes twice, without any evidence of destruction through warfare. Further digs may cast some light on this apparent contradiction.
The forts of
Ardoch, Strageathand Berthaon the Gask Road, as well as the forts of Cargillin Strathmore and the Glenblocker fort of Dalginrosshave also produced Antonine material attesting to a reuse of the sites contemporary with the Antonine Wall(Woolliscroft & Hoffmann 2007, updating Hanson& Maxwell 1986).
In the Severan period the area was also under Roman occupation, which focused on the Legionary fortress of
Carpowdownstream from Perth (Breeze 2007)
The permanent sites discussed above are complemented by a series of large marching camps stretching from the Scottish Lowlands into Aberdeenshire. Several reconstruction of their chronological role exist at present.
D.Breeze, Northern Frontiers of Roman Britain (1982)
D.Breeze, Roman Scotland (2007)
W.S.Hanson, G.Maxwell, Rome's North-west Frontier: The Antonine Wall (1986)
D.J.Woolliscroft, B.Hoffmann, The First Frontier. Rome in the North of Scotland (Stroud: Tempus 2006)
* [http://www.theromangaskproject.org.uk/ The Roman Gask Project]
* [http://www.roman-britain.org/military/northern_campaigns.htm romanbritain.org]
* [http://www.castra.org.uk/ Britannia-The Roman army and navy in Britain 55BC -410AD]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Gask Ridge — (que se podría traducir como cadena de Gask ) es el nombre moderno con el que se conoce a una serie de fortificaciones romanas en el centro de Escocia. Consistía en una serie de fuertes y fortalezas con torres de señalización. La fortaleza de… … Wikipedia Español
Gask Ridge — est le nom actuel donné à une série de fortifications édifiée par les Romains au cœur de l’Écosse dans les années 70 et 80, soit 40 et 60 ans avant les mur d’Hadrien et d’Antonin. Bien que ce ne fut pas un mur continu, il a pu être la première… … Wikipédia en Français
Écosse au temps de l'Empire romain — Monument indiquant l emplacement du fort romain de Trimontium. Histoire de l’Écosse Périodes historiques … Wikipédia en Français
Scotland during the Roman Empire — encompasses a period of time that is both part of genuine history and of protohistory. It is complicated by the fact that although the Roman Empire influenced every part of Scotland during the period from the arrival of the legions in c. AD 71 to … Wikipedia
Roman military frontiers and fortifications — Roman military borders and fortifications were part of a grand strategy of territorial defense in the Roman Empire. By the early second century, the Roman Empire had reached the peak of its territorial expansion and rather than constantly… … Wikipedia
Antonine Wall — For the Military Way associated with Hadrian s Wall, see Military Way (Hadrian s Wall). Location of the Antonine Wall and Hadrian s Wall in Scotland and Northern England … Wikipedia
Ardoch — is a place in Perthshire, seven miles from Crieff in Scotland. At Ardoch are the remains of a Roman camp [ [http://tour scotland.blogspot.com/2007/02/ardoch roman camp.html Ardoch Roman Camp] ] which included Ardoch Tower, part of the Roman Gask… … Wikipedia
Glenblocker fort — The term, Glenblocker fort, sometimes also called the Highland line fort [L.Keppie, Scotland s Roman Remains. Edinburgh 1986) p/. 156ff.] is used to describe members of a line of Roman forts along the Highland Line in Scotland. The forts all… … Wikipedia
Muiryfold — The Muiryfold and the Roman fort of Cawdor are located near Inverness. They were considered between the northernmost places of Roman conquest and presence in Britannia, until the recent discovery of Roman military presence at Tarradale… … Wikipedia
Drummond Castle — and gardens. The mansion … Wikipedia