A Big Year is an informal competition among birders to see who can see or hear the largest number of species of
birds within a single calendar year and within a specific geographical area. A big year may be done within a single US state, or Canadian province, within the lower 48 continental U.S. states, or within the American Birding Associationarea (i.e. the 49 continental U.S. states (including Alaska), Canada and the French islands St. Pierre and Miquelon, plus surrounding waters and islands).
The publication in 1934 of the first modern field guide by
Roger Tory Petersonrevolutionized birding. However, in that era, most birders did not travel widely. The earliest known continent wide big year record was compiled by Guy Emerson, a traveling businessman, who timed his business trips to coincide with the best birding seasons for different areas in the North America. His best year was in 1939 when he saw 497 species. In 1952, Emerson's record was broken by Bob Smart, who saw 510 species. [Kaufman, Kenn: "Kingbird Highway: The Story of a Natural Obsession That Got a Little Out of Hand"; Boston, Houghton Mifflin Co., 1997, p. 16.]
1953, Roger Tory Petersonand James Fisher, took a 30,000 mile road trip visiting the wild places of North America. In 1955, they told the story of their travels in a book and a documentary film, both called "Wild America". In one of the footnotes to the book Peterson said "My year's list at the end of 1953 was 572 species." In 1956the bar was raised when a twenty-five year old Englishman named Stuart Keith, following Peterson and Fisher's route, compiled a list of 598 species.
Keith's record stood for 15 years. In
1971eighteen year old Ted Parker, in his last semester of high school in southeastern Pennsylvania, birded the eastern seaboard of North America extensively. That September, Parker enrolled in the University of Arizonain Tucson and found dozens of Southwestern U.S. and Pacific coast specialities. He ended the year with a list of 626 species. (Before his death in 1993, Parker went on to become one of the world's most renowned field ornithologists, and the acknowledged leading expert on the birds of the American tropics.)
Another notable record was set in 1979 by James M. Vardaman as recorded in his book "Call Collect, Ask for Birdman." Vardaman saw 699 species that year and travelled 161,332 miles (137,145 by airplane; 20,305 by car; 3,337 by boat; 160 by bicycle; and 385 by foot).
The big year of
1998was the subject of a book of the same name by Mark Obmascik. In that year three different birders, Sandy Komito, Al Levantinand Greg Miller, chased the record of 721 birds, held by Komito. In the end Sandy Komito kept his record, listing an astonishing 745 birds, a record many in the birding community believe might never be broken. The reason they believe this is because during that year, one of the strongest El Niñoyears on record caused many lost rare birds to come to North America. North America itself has only about 675 native species.
Recent notable attempts
Starting in the summer of 2007, a family of three people; a husband, a wife, and a teenager, attempted a Big Year without the use of any
fossil fuels. They planned to bicycle over 10,000 miles to get over 400 species for the year, which is far from the record set by Komito. They started in their home province of the Yukon Territory, rode down the Pacific Coast, looping back around Arkansas to catch the Texas spring migration, then eastward to Florida. Their primary goal was to raise awareness that, in modern bird chasing, birders are helping to destroy the bird's habitat by our own use of fossil fuels. They dubbed this attempt a "Bird Year," rather than a Big Year, because of its obvious intent for the year to be for the goodwill of the birds, rather than glory for the counter. [ [http://birdyear.com/ Bird Year Home Page ] ]
Published big year books
* Wild America (1955) by
Roger Tory Peterson
* Call Collect, Ask for Birdman (1980) by James M. Vardaman
* Kingbird Highway: The Story of a Natural Obsession That Got a Little Out of Hand (1997) by
* I Came, I Saw, I Counted (1999) by
* Chasing Birds Across Texas: A Birding Big Year (2003) by
Mark T. Adams
* The Big Year: A Tale of Man, Nature, and Fowl Obsession (2004) by
* Return to Wild America: A Yearlong Search for the Continent's Natural Soul (2005) by
* The Big Twitch (2005) by
Sean Dooley(an Australian "Big Year")
World Series of Birding
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Big Sur — is a sparsely populated region of the central California, United States, coast where the Santa Lucia Mountains rise abruptly from the Pacific Ocean. The terrain offers stunning views, making Big Sur a popular tourist destination. Big Sur s Cone… … Wikipedia
Big Brother (TV series) — Big Brother is a television show in which a group of people live together in a large house, isolated from the outside world but continuously watched by television cameras. Each series lasts for around three months, and there are usually fewer… … Wikipedia
Big Brother (UK) — Big Brother UK sidebar| Big Brother is a reality television series broadcast in the United Kingdom and Ireland on Channel 4 and E4, and on S4C in Wales. Internationally, it is broadcast in on The Polish station TVN. [… … Wikipedia
Big Stick Ideology — Big Stick Ideology, or Big Stick Policy, is a form of hegemony and was the slogan describing U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt’s corollary to the Monroe Doctrine. The term originated from the phrase “Speak softly and carry a big stick; you will… … Wikipedia
Big Brother Australia — was the Australian version of the international Big Brother reality television series. Big Brother Australia was produced by Endemol Southern Star, and shown on Network Ten, Australia. Between 2001 and 2008 it was also shown in New Zealand on TV2 … Wikipedia
Big Mama Thornton — circa 1955 1960 Background information Birth name Willie Mae Thornton Born … Wikipedia
Big Trouble in Little China — Promotional poster Directed by John Carpenter … Wikipedia
Big Brother (Nineteen Eighty-Four) — Big Brother is a fictional character in George Orwell s novel Nineteen Eighty Four , the dictator of Oceania, a totalitarian state taken to its utmost logical consequence where the ruling elite ( the Party ) wield total power for its own sake… … Wikipedia
Big Brovaz — Also known as Booty Luv Origin United Kingdom Genres R B Hip hop Instruments Vocals Years active … Wikipedia
Big Pun — Background information Birth name Christopher Lee Rios Also known as Big Punisher … Wikipedia