Joseph Archer Crowe
Sir Joseph Archer Crowe (
London October 25, 1825– Gamburg an der Tauber, today Werbach, Germany September 6, 1896), was an English consular official and art critic, whose volumes of the "History of Painting in Italy", co-written with the Italian critic Giovanni Battista Cavalcaselle(1820–1897) stand at the beginning of disciplined modern art historywriting in English, based on chronologies of individual artists' development and the connoisseurship of identifying artist's indidual manners or "hands".
He was the son of the expatriate
Eyre Evans Crowe, and brother of Eyre Crowe, a painter of historical subjects and genre, the friend and amanuensis of William Makepeace Thackeray. The elder Crowe was Paris correspondent of the London "Morning Chronicle" whose home, with a London interlude 1844–1851, was the centre of a liberal and artistic circle that mixed French and expatriates. During the Crimean Warhe was the correspondent of the " Illustrated London News", and during the Austro-Italian War represented " The Times" in Vienna.
At an early age Joseph Archer Crowe showed considerable aptitude for painting and entered the studio of Paul Delaroche in
Paris, with his brother.
He was British consul-general in
Leipzigfrom 1860 to 1872, and in Düsseldorffrom 1872 to 1880, when he was appointed commercial attaché in Berlin, being transferred to Paris in 1882. In 1883 he was secretary to the Danube Conference in London; in 1889 plenipotentiary at the Samoa Conference in Berlin; and in 1890 British envoy at the Telegraph Congress in Paris, in which year he was made K.C.M.G.
During a sojourn in
Italy, 1846-1847, he cemented a lifelong friendship with the connoisseur Cavalcaselle, who was forced to flee to London after the Revolutions of 1848and moved in with Crowe. Together they produced several historical works on art of classic importance, notably "Early Flemish Painters" (London, 1857) and "A New History of Painting in Italy from the Second to the Sixteenth Century" (London, 1864-1871, 5 vols.). In 1877, he and Crowe issued a biography, "Titian: His Life and Times" (London, 1877) and. "Raphael: His Life and Works" (London, 1882–85). The division of labour in the partnership was seamless; though Crowe produced most of the final edited text, Cavalcaselle's eye and notes, and, in the age before photographic reproductions, his quick sketches of compositions, were essential.
In 1895 Crowe published "Reminiscences of Thirty-Five Years of My Life". He died at Schloss Gamburg in
Bavariaon the 6th of September 1896.
Crowe and Cavalcaselle's great "History of Painting" was under revision by Crowe up to the time of his death, and then by S.A. Strong (d. 1904) and Langton Douglas, who in 1903 brought out vols. i. and ii. of Murray's new six-volume edition, the 3rd vol., edited by Langton Douglas, appearing in 1909. A reprint of the original edition, brought up to date by annotations by Edward Huttons, was published by Dent in 3 vols. in 1909.----
* [http://www.geocities.com/eyre_crowe/index.html Crowe family milieu]
* [http://www.lib.duke.edu/lilly/artlibry/dah/cavalcaselleg.htm Brief Cavalcaselle biography]
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Joseph Archer Crowe — (* 25. Oktober 1825 in London; † 6. September 1896 in Gamburg an der Tauber) war ein englischer Kunsthistoriker und Kunstschriftsteller, Illustrator, Aquarellist und Zeichner sowie Diplomat. Joseph Archer Crowe, Bruder des Malers Eyre Crowe,… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Crowe, Sir Joseph Archer — (1825 1896) Writer on art, s. of the above, was b. in London. Most of his childhood was spent in France, and on his return to England in 1843 he became a journalist. He was then for some years engaged in educational work in India, and was… … Short biographical dictionary of English literature
Crowe — may refer to: People A. G. Crowe (b. 1948), Louisiana politician Alan Crowe (b. 1940), Isle of Man politician Allen Crowe (1928 1963), American racecar driver Allison Crowe (b. 1981), Canadian singer/songwriter Cameron Crowe (b. 1957), American… … Wikipedia
Joseph Crowe — may refer to: * Joseph Petrus Hendrik Crowe (1826 1876), South African recipient of the Victoria Cross * Joseph Archer Crowe (1825 1896), English consular official and art critic … Wikipedia
Crowe — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Allison Crowe (* 1981), kanadische Sängerin Cameron Crowe (* 1957), US amerikanischer Regisseur Charlie Crowe (1924–2010), englischer Fußballspieler Christopher Crowe (* 1948), US amerikanischer Regisseur… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Crowe — (spr. krō), 1) Catherine, geborne Stevens, engl. Schriftstellerin, geb. 1800 zu Borough Green in Kent, lebte meist in Edinburg und starb 1876. Durch die Übersetzung von Justinus Kerners »Seherin von Prevorst« (»The seeress of Prevorst«, 1845)… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Crowe — (spr. kroh), Sir Joseph Archer, engl. Kunstschriftsteller, geb. 25. Okt. 1825 zu London, ursprünglich Maler, seit 1860 brit. Generalkonsul in Leipzig, 1873 80 in Düsseldorf, dann Gesandtschaftsattaché in Berlin und Paris, gest. 6. Sept. 1896 in… … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Crowe — [krəʊ], 1) Sir (seit 1911) Eyre, britischer Diplomat, * Leipzig 30. 7. 1864, ✝ Swanage (County Dorset) 28. 4. 1925, Sohn von 2); wurde im Foreign Office, dem er seit 1885 angehörte, 1912 stellvertretender, 1920 ständiger Unterstaatssekretär… … Universal-Lexikon
Eyre Crowe — Sir Eyre Alexander Barby Wichart Crowe, GCB, GCMG (30 July, 1864 ndash;28 April, 1925) was a British diplomat.Eyre Crowe was born in Leipzig and educated at Düsseldorf and Berlin and in France, with a German mother and a German wife. His father… … Wikipedia
Eyre Crowe (painter) — Eyre Crowe (1824 1910) was an English painter, principally of historical art and genre scenes, but with an interest in social realism. He was born in London but grew up in France. He was the eldest son of the journalist Eyre Evans Crowe and… … Wikipedia