Infobox Indian Jurisdiction
native_name = Kannauj | type = city | latd = 27.07 | longd = 79.92
locator_position = right | state_name = Uttar Pradesh
district = Kannauj
altitude = 139
population_as_of = 2001
population_total = 71,530| population_density =
area_magnitude= sq. km
Hindiकन्नौज, Urdu: کنوج), also spelt "Kanauj", is a city and a municipal boardor Nagar Palika Parishadin Kannauj districtin the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. The city's name is traditionally derived from the term Kanyakubja(maiden's womb). Kannauj is an ancient city, in earlier times the capital of a great Hindukingdom. Kanyakubja Brahmin's are originally from Kannauj.Kannauj is known for the distilling of scents and is a market center for tobacco, perfume, and rose water.
Kannauj is the administrative headquarters of Kannauj District. The population was 71,530 in 2001, up from 58,932 in 1991. It has given its name to a distinct dialect of the
Hindilanguage known as Kanauji.
Formerly known as Kanyakubja, the town is known to have been an important center during the
Gupta empire. It was a centre of hindu culture and political status for centuries. Kannauj is frequently referred to in the epic "Mahabharata" and is alluded to by Patañjaliin the second century B.C. In the year 405 A.D. when great Chinese pilgrim Fa-hien visited the city it had only two Buddhist monasteries and it was not very large. When Hiuen Tsangvisited the city in 636 A.D., however, Kannauj had grown large. Hiuen Tsang stayed here for seven years.
Kannauj reached the pinnacle of its glory in the
7th centuryunder emperor Harshavardhana(606-647 A.D.) Harshavardhana made Kannauj his capital. At that time it had earned the name of Mahodaya Sree due to its grandeur and prosperty. Kannauj then had a teeming population, with hundreds of Hindu and Buddhist temples and monasteries, extending along the east bank of the Ganges for about four miles. It had beautiful gardens and tanks, and was strongly fortified. Harshavardhana, however, was greatly weakened after being defeated by the Chalukyaemperor Pulakesin II; his empire fell apart soon after his death.
By the end of the
8th century, Kannauj became the focus of a three-way contest by the three dominant dynasties of the time, the Pratiharas of Malwa, the Rashtrakutas of the Deccan, and the Palas of Bengal. The Palaking Dharmapalainstalled a proxy king at the end of the 8th century.
Pratiharaking Nagabhata IIconquered Kannauj in the 9th centuryKannauj became the Pratihara capital for nearly 200 years. This happened about 836. [Srivastra, A. L., "History of India, 1000-1707", p. 2] During this period, it became known as a center for poetry. The Pratiharas ruled much of northern Indiain the latter half of the 8th century, but they had weakened by the early 10th century. The Rashtrakutaking Indra IIIcaptured Kannauj in 916, and by the end of that century, the Pratiharadomains had been reduced to a small kingdom around the town of Kannauj.
1019, the town was sacked by Mahmud of Ghazni, beginning a chaotic period for the city. After this sacking of Kannauj, the area came to be dominated by the Chandela Rajputclan of Bundelkhand. The Gahadvaladynasty, descended from former vassals of the Pratiharas, established themselves as rulers of Kannauj at the end of the 11th century.
The size and scale of the ancient town can be gauged from the fact that existing ruins extend over the lands of five villages, occupying a semicircle fully 4 miles in diameter. While no historic
Hindustructures remain intact, the "great mosque", constructed by Ibrahim Shahof Jaunpurin 1406out of the remains of demolished Hindu temples, is still known to Hindus as " Sita's Kitchen". Brahminsin Bengaland Assamtraces their origin to a migration southwards from this city in the 9th and 10th centuries.
Kannauj is located at coord|27.07|N|79.92|E| [ [http://www.fallingrain.com/world/IN/36/Kannauj.html Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Kannauj] ] . It has an average elevation of 139
metres (456 feet).
As of 2001India census[GR|India] , Kannauj had a population of 71,530. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Kannauj has an average literacy rate of 58%, lower than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 64%, and female literacy is 52%. In Kannauj, 15% of the population is under 6 years of age.
* [http://kannauj.nic.in/ District Kannauj Website.]
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