3 Culteranismo


Culteranismo

Culteranismo is a stylistic movement of the Baroque period of Spanish history that is also commonly referred to as Góngorismo (after Luis de Góngora). It began in the late 16th century with the writing of Luis de Góngora and lasted through the 17th century.

Culteranismo is characterized by a very ornamental, ostentatious vocabulary and a message that is complicated by a sea of metaphors and complex syntactical order. The name blends culto ("cultivated") and luteranismo ("Lutheranism") and was coined by its opponents to present it as a heresy of "true" poetry.

" Estas que me dictó, rimas sonoras, / Culta sí aunque bucólica Talía, / Oh excelso Conde, en las purpúreas horas / Que es rosas la alba y rosicler el día, / Ahora que de luz tu niebla doras, / Escucha, al son de la zampoña mía, / Si ya los muros no te ven de Huelva / Peinar el viento, fatigar la selva."
—Luis de Góngora, Fábula de Polifemo y Galatea, 1612

This movement seems to use as many words as possible to convey little meaning or to conceal meaning. It is also associated with Latinized syntax and mythological allusions. Culteranismo existed in stark contrast with conceptismo, another movement of the Baroque period which is characterized by a witty style, games with words, simple vocabulary, and conveying multiple meanings in as few words as possible. The best-known representative of Spanish conceptismo, Francisco de Quevedo, had an ongoing feud with Luis de Góngora in which each criticized the other’s writing and personal life.

Other practitioners of the style include Hortensio Félix Paravicino.

Sample

The first stanza of the first of the Soledades by Góngora.[1]

Original Spanish Literal translation Explanation
Era del año la estación florida It was the flowery season of the year It was spring.
en que el mentido robador de Europa when the perjured kidnapper of Europa Zeus kidnapped Europa in the shape of a bull.
(media luna las armas de su frente, (half moon the arms of his forehead The bull's weapons (horns) are shaped as a crescent.
y el Sol todos los rayos de su pelo), and the Sun all the beams of his hair),
luciente honor del cielo, brilliant honor of the sky
en campos de zafiro pace estrellas, in fields of sapphire grazes [on] stars The Sun is currently in Taurus
(the constellation of the Zeus bull),
i.e., it is between April and May.

References

  1. ^ Digital edition of the Centro Virtual Cervantes.

See also

  • Hiberno-Latin, a style of Latin poetry by Irish monks, with a similarly contrived vocabulary.
  • Euphuism, a similar style in English poetry.
  • Préciosisme, a similar style in French poetry.
  • Marinismo, a similar style in Italian poetry.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • culteranismo — sustantivo masculino 1. (no contable) Uso/registro: literario. Estilo de gran complejidad formal de algunos poetas barrocos en España: Góngora es el máximo exponente del culteranismo …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • culteranismo — s. m. 1. Rigor excessivo no emprego das palavras. 2. Gongorismo. 3. Preciosismo. 4. Cultismo …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • culteranismo — m. Estilo literario desarrollado en España desde finales del siglo XVI y a lo largo del siglo XVII, caracterizado, entre otros rasgos, por la riqueza abusiva de metáforas sorprendentes, el uso exagerado de cultismos y la complejidad sintáctica …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Culteranismo — Luis de Góngora, creador del Culteranismo o Gongorismo, por Velázquez. El culteranismo es una estética del Barroco español dentro de la más general del conceptismo, con el cual comparte la intención de enrarecer y aquilatar la expresión… …   Wikipedia Español

  • culteranismo — ▪ Spanish literature       in Spanish literature, an esoteric style of writing that attempted to elevate poetic language and themes by re Latinizing them, using classical allusions, vocabulary, syntax, and word order.       To some extent an… …   Universalium

  • Culteranismo — ► sustantivo masculino LITERATURA Estilo literario propio de la época barroca, caracterizado por el uso de un lenguaje con numerosas metáforas forzadas, referencias de difícil interpretación, hipérboles extremadas, latinismos e hipérbatos… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Culteranismo — Culteranịsmo   der, s, Cultịsmo, stilistische Tendenz in der spanischen Literatur des 17. Jahrhunderts, Sonderform des europäischen Manierismus und Konzeptismus, oft auch nach dem Hauptvertreter L. de Góngora y Argote als Gongorismus bezeichnet …   Universal-Lexikon

  • culteranismo — {{#}}{{LM C11268}}{{〓}} {{SynC11536}} {{[}}culteranismo{{]}} ‹cul·te·ra·nis·mo› {{《}}▍ s.m.{{》}} Estilo literario propio del Barroco español, y caracterizado, entre otros rasgos, por un lenguaje de difícil comprensión, cargado de cultismos y… …   Diccionario de uso del español actual con sinónimos y antónimos

  • Culteranismo — Cul|te|ra|nis|mo [k...] der; <aus span. culteranismo »schwülstiger Stil« zu culterano »schwülstig«, dies zu culto »Kult« aus gleichbed. lat. cultus> svw. ↑Gongorismus …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • culteranismo — cul·te·ra·nì·smo s.m. var. → culteranesimo …   Dizionario italiano

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