Red-legged Tinamou

Red-legged Tinamou
Illustration by Keulemans, 1895
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Tinamiformes
Family: Tinamidae
Subfamily: Tinaminae
Genus: Crypturellus
Species: C. erythropus
Binomial name
Crypturellus erythropus
(Pelzeln, 1863)[2]
Sub-species

C. e. erythropus (Pelzeln, 1863)[2]
C. e. cursitans
(Wetmore & Phelps, 1956)[2]
C. e. spencei
(Brabourne & Chubb, 1914)[2]
C. e. margaritae
(Phelps & Phelps, 1948)[2]
C. e. saltuarius
(Wetmore, 1950)[2]
Magdalena Tinamou
C. e. columbianus
(Salvadori, 1895)[2]
Colombian Tinamou
C. e. idoneus (Todd, 1919)[2]
Santa Marta Tinamou

Synonyms
  • Crypturus erythropus

The Red-legged Tinamou or Red-footed Tinamou,[3]Crypturellus erythropus, is a dumpy, ground-dwelling bird found in the tropics and lower subtropics of northern South America.[4].

Contents

Description

The Red-legged Tinamou is superficially similar to a quail to which it is not related as it, along with other tinamous, belongs in the Paleognathae. Its total length is 27–32 cm (11–13 in). Its brownish upper parts and grey chest contrasts clearly with the buff belly. The back and wings are barred, but this is faint (often barely visible) in the males. Additionally, the amount of barring to the upperparts varies among the subspecies. It is the only tinamou in its range with rosy-red legs.

Behavior

As other tinamous, it is recorded infrequently, except by its whistling voice. It has been recorded feeding on seeds, berries, snails, and insects. Little is known about its breeding behavior, but the glossy eggs are pale greyish-lavender with a variable amount of pink suffusion.

Etymology

Crypturellus is formed from three Latin or Greek words. kruptos meaning covered or hidden, oura meaning tail, and ellus meaning diminutive. Therefore Crypturellus means small hidden tail.[5]

Taxonomy

All tinamou are from the family Tinamidae, and in the larger scheme are also Ratites. Unlike other Ratites, Tinamous can fly, although in general, they are not strong fliers. All ratites evolved from prehistoric flying birds, and Tinamous are the closest living relative of these birds.[6]

Red-legged tinamou subspecies are:

The taxonomy, beyond this, remains unclear, with some authorities considering the taxa saltuarius, idoneus, and columbianus as monotypic species rather than subspecies of the Red-legged Tinamou. The SACC rejected a proposal to elevate these to species status, arguing that the presently available data fail to support the split.[7].

Additionally, several subspecies usually associated with the Red-legged Tinamou have been associated with other species in the past, especially the Thicket Tinamou, the Choco Tinamou and the Yellow-legged Tinamou.[citation needed]

Range and habitat

The Red-legged Tinamou lives in in Guyana, Suriname, Colombia, Venezuela and northeastern Brazil, and on Margarita Island[4]. It may also be found in French Guiana.[1] It is favored habitat is dry forest, although it can be found in moist forest and lower elevation shrubland and grasslands. It prefers elevations below 1,300 m (4,300 ft).[8]

Conservation

The Red-legged Tinamou is uncommon to locally common in most of its range, but the Magdalena Tinamou is very rare (perhaps extinct), while the Colombian Tinamou is endangered. In both cases the main problem is habitat destruction, but hunting is another issue. The IUCN lists this bird as Least Concern,[1] with an occurrence range of 1,800,000 km2 (690,000 sq mi).[8]

Footnotes

  1. ^ a b c IUCN (2009)
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Brands, S. (2008)
  3. ^ Remsen Jr., J. V. (2009)
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i Clements, J (2007)
  5. ^ Gotch, A. F. (1195)
  6. ^ Davies, S. J. J. F. (2003)
  7. ^ Remsen Jr., J. V. (2006)
  8. ^ a b BirdLife International (2008)(a)

References

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • red-legged tinamou — raudonkojis tinamas statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Crypturellus erythropus angl. red legged tinamou vok. Rotfußtinamu, m pranc. tinamou à pieds rouges, m ryšiai: platesnis terminas – slėptauodegiai tinamai …   Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

  • red-legged tinamou — noun A tinamou, Crypturellus erythropus …   Wiktionary

  • Yellow-legged Tinamou — Crypturellus n. noctivagus Conservation status …   Wikipedia

  • Grey-legged Tinamou — Conservation status Least Concern ( …   Wikipedia

  • Tinamou — Temporal range: Miocene Recent 12–0 Ma …   Wikipedia

  • Tinamou — Tinamidae Tinamidés …   Wikipédia en Français

  • tinamou à pieds rouges — raudonkojis tinamas statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Crypturellus erythropus angl. red legged tinamou vok. Rotfußtinamu, m pranc. tinamou à pieds rouges, m ryšiai: platesnis terminas – slėptauodegiai tinamai …   Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

  • tinamou — /tin euh mooh /, n. any of several birds of the family Tinamidae, of South and Central America, related to the ratite birds but superficially resembling the gallinaceous birds. [1775 85; < F < Carib tinamu] * * * ▪ bird order Introduction… …   Universalium

  • Magdalena Tinamou — Conservation status Not recognized (IUCN 3.1)[1] Scientific classification Kingdom …   Wikipedia

  • Colombian Tinamou — Conservation status Not recognized (IUCN 3.1)[1] Scientific classification Kingdom …   Wikipedia

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