Banjul

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Banjul
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image_caption = Banjul King Fahad Mosque


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map_caption = Location of Banjul in The Gambia


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subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = The Gambia
subdivision_type1 = Division
subdivision_name1 = Banjul
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area_urban_km2 =93
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population_as_of =2003
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population_total =34,828
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population_urban =357,238
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latd=13|latm=27 |lats=11 |latNS=N
longd=16 |longm=34 |longs=39 |longEW=W
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Banjul (formerly Bathurst), officially the City of Banjul, is the capital of The Gambia, and located within the division of the same name. The population of the city proper is only 34,828, with the Greater Banjul Area, which includes the City of Banjul and the Kanifing Municipal Council, at a population of 357,238 (2003 census). It is located on St Mary's Island (Banjul Island) where the Gambia River enters the Atlantic Ocean. The island is connected to the mainland by passenger and vehicle ferries to the north and bridges to the south.

History

In 1816, the British founded Banjul as a trading post and base for suppressing the slave trade. It was first named "Bathurst" after Henry Bathurst, the secretary of the British Colonial Office, but was changed to Banjul in 1973.

On July 22, 1994, Banjul was the scene of a bloodless military coup d'état in which President Dawda Jawara was overthrown and replaced by the country's current (and twice reelected) President Yahya Jammeh. To commemorate this event, Arch 22 was built as an entrance portal to the capital. The gate is 35 meters tall and the centre of an open square. It houses a textile museum.

Attractions in the city include the Gambian National Museum, the Albert Market, Banjul State House, Banjul Court House, two cathedrals and several major mosques.

Economy

Banjul is the main urban area of The Gambia and holds the country's economic and administrative center including the Central Bank of The Gambia. As the fourth most densely populated country in Africa, The Gambia has more than one urban area. Peanut processing is the country's principal industry, but bee's wax, palm wood, palm oil, and skins and hides are also shipped from its port. View of Banjul from Arch 22.The museum also includes hand written pages from the Quoran and explains a lot of Juju "magic".

Climate

Banjul has a hot climate all year round due to the Sahara Desert. The coldest month is august and the hottest is March.

Infobox Weather
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location = Banjul
Jan_Hi_°C = 31
Feb_Hi_°C = 32
Mar_Hi_°C = 34
Apr_Hi_°C = 33
May_Hi_°C = 32
Jun_Hi_°C = 32
Jul_Hi_°C = 30
Aug_Hi_°C = 29
Sep_Hi_°C = 31
Oct_Hi_°C = 32
Nov_Hi_°C = 32
Dec_Hi_°C = 31

Jan_Lo_°C = 15
Feb_Lo_°C = 16
Mar_Lo_°C = 17
Apr_Lo_°C = 18
May_Lo_°C = 19
Jun_Lo_°C = 23
Jul_Lo_°C = 23
Aug_Lo_°C = 23
Sep_Lo_°C = 23
Oct_Lo_°C = 22
Nov_Lo_°C = 18
Dec_Lo_°C = 16
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Transport

Ferries sail from Banjul to Barra. The city is served by the Banjul International Airport. Banjul is on the Trans-West African Coastal Highway connecting it to Dakar and Bissau (Guinea-Bissau), and will eventually provide a paved highway link to 11 other nations of ECOWAS.

Districts

Banjul Division (Greater Banjul Area) is divided into 2 districts:
*Banjul
*Kanifing

Twinned cities

Banjul is twinned with Grimsby in the UK and Newark, New Jersey in the United States. It is the destination of the Plymouth-Banjul Challenge, a charity road rally.

ee also

*Divisions of The Gambia
*Districts of The Gambia

References

External links

* [http://www.accessgambia.com/ Access Gambia - Hotels, News, Travel & Photos]
* [http://www.wow.gm WOW-Gambia News and Information]
* [http://www.gambianow.com/home Gambia Site with history of Banjul]
* [http://www.gambianow.com/news Gambia News]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Banjul — 13.453055555556 16.5775{{{elevation save}}}Koordinaten: 13° 27′  …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Banjul — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Banjul Ubicación   …   Wikipedia Español

  • Banjul — Banjul, con una población de 34.828 habitantes (2003), es la capital de Gambia. La ciudad, llamada Bathurst hasta 1973, está localizada en la isla St. Mary, donde el río Gambia desemboca en el océano Atlántico. Banjul es el principal centro… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Banjul — (anc. Bathurst) cap. de la Gambie, sur l Atlantique; à l entrée de l estuaire du fleuve Gambie; 54 000 hab. (aggl. urb. 110 000 hab.). Port de commerce (exportation d arachides et de noix de palme, notam.). Aéroport international …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Banjul — the capital city of the Gambia, a port on the Gambia River, formerly called Bathurst …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Banjul — [bän′jo͞ol′] capital of Gambia; seaport on an island at the mouth of the Gambia River: pop. 44,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Banjul — Cet article possède un paronyme, voir : Banyuls. 13°27′11″N 16°34′50″O …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Banjul — /bahn joohl/, n. a port in and the capital of The Gambia. 42,689. * * * formerly (1816–1973) Bathurst Seaport ( pop., 1993: urban agglomeration, 270,540), capital of The Gambia. Located on the Island of St. Mary in the Gambia River, it is the… …   Universalium

  • Banjul — Original name in latin Banjul Name in other language BJL, Bandzhul, Bandzul, Bandzula, Bandzulis, Bandul, Bandula, Bandulis, Banjoul, Banjul, Banjulo, Banyul, Banzhul, Banulo, Bathurst, Bathurstopolis, Gorad Banzhul, Mpanzoul, bajula, ban cul,… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Banjul — Hauptstadt von Gambia * * * Bạnjul   [englisch bændʒʊl], bis 1973 Bathurst [ bæθəːst], Hauptstadt und hafen von Gambia, an der Mündung des Gambia in den Atlantik, (1989) 150 000 Einwohner; Sitz eines anglikanischen und eines katholischen… …   Universal-Lexikon


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