- Alveolar consonant
Alveolar consonants are articulated with the tongue against or close to the superior
alveolar ridge, which is called that because it contains the alveoli (the sockets) of the superior teeth. Alveolar consonants may be articulated with the tip of the tongue (so-called apical consonants), as in English, or with the flat of the tongue just above the tip (the "blade" of the tongue; called laminal consonants), as in French and Spanish. The laminal alveolar articulation is often mistakenly called dental, because the tip of the tongue can be seen near to or touching the teeth. However, it is the rearmost point of contact that defines the place of articulation; this is where the oral cavity ends, and it is the resonant space of the oral cavity that gives consonants and vowels their characteristic timbre.
International Phonetic Alphabet(IPA) does not have separate symbols for the alveolar consonants. Rather, the same symbol is used for all coronal places of articulation which aren't palatalized like English palato-alveolar "sh", or retroflex. To disambiguate, the "bridge" IPA|( [s̪, t̪, n̪, l̪] , "etc.") may be used for a dental consonant, or the under-bar IPA|( [s̠, t̠, n̠, l̠] , "etc.") may be used for the postalveolars. Note that IPA| [s̪] differs from dental IPA| [θ] in being a sibilant, rather than a thibilant. IPA| [s̠] differs from postalveolar IPA| [ʃ] in being unpalatalized.
The bare letters IPA| [s, t, n, l] , "etc." cannot be assumed to specifically represent alveolars. The language may not make such distinctions, such that two or more coronal places are found allophonically, or the transcription may simply be too broad to distinguish dental from alveolar. If it is necessary to specify a consonant as alveolar, a diacritic from the Extended IPA may be used: IPA| [s͇, t͇, n͇, l͇] , "etc.". Nonetheless, the symbols
themselves are frequently called 'alveolar', and the language examples below are all alveolar sounds.
(The Extended IPA diacritic was devised for
speech pathologyand is frequently used to mean 'alveolarized', as in the labioalveolar sounds IPA| [p͇, b͇, m͇, f͇, v͇] , where the lower lip contacts the alveolar ridge.)
Alveolar consonants in IPA
The alveolar/coronal consonants identified by the IPA are:
Place of articulation
List of phonetics topics
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Look at other dictionaries:
alveolar consonant — noun a consonant articulated with the tip of the tongue near the gum ridge • Syn: ↑dental consonant, ↑alveolar, ↑dental • Derivationally related forms: ↑alveolar (for: ↑alveolar) … Useful english dictionary
Denti-alveolar consonant — Places of articulation Labial Bilabial Labial–velar Labial–coronal Labiodental Dentolabial Bidental … Wikipedia
Labial-alveolar consonant — A labial alveolar consonant is a consonant produced with two simultaneous places of articulation: At the lips ( labial ; a p, b, or m sound), and at the gums ( alveolar ; a t, d, or n sound). The Yélî Dnye language of Rossel Island, Papua New… … Wikipedia
Consonant — Not to be confused with the musical concept of consonance For the alternative rock group, see Consonant (band). Places of articulation Labial Bilabial Labial–velar Labial–coronal Labiodental … Wikipedia
Alveolar ridge — An alveolar ridge (also known as the alveolar margin) is one of the two jaw ridges either on the roof of the mouth between the upper teeth and the hard palate or on the bottom of the mouth behind the lower teeth. The alveolar ridges contain the… … Wikipedia
Alveolar R — The term Alveolar R may refer to several types of alveolar consonant:*Alveolar trill *Alveolar approximant *Alveolar tap or flap … Wikipedia
alveolar — [al vɪələ, ˌalvɪ əʊlə] adjective 1》 Anatomy relating to an alveolus. 2》 Phonetics (of a consonant) pronounced with the tip of the tongue on or near the bony ridge containing the alveoli of the upper teeth (e.g. n, s, d, t). noun Phonetics an… … English new terms dictionary
alveolar — 1. adjective /æl.ˈvi.ːlɝ,æl.ˈvi.ə.lɝ/ a) Of, or relating to an alveolus b) Relating to the jaw ridge containing the tooth sockets 2. noun /æl.ˈvi.ːlɝ,æl.ˈvi.ə.lɝ/ a) An alveolar … Wiktionary
Alveolar lateral approximant — l Image … Wikipedia
Alveolar nasal — n Image … Wikipedia