In financial markets, a share is a
unit of accountfor various financial instruments including stocks, mutual funds, limited partnerships, and REIT's. In British English, use of the word "shares" in the plural to refer to stock is so common that it almost replaces the word "stock" itself. In American English, the plural "stocks" is widely used instead of "shares", in other words to refer to the stock (or perhaps originally stock certificates) of even a single company. Traditionalist demands that the plural "stocks" be used only when referring to stock of more than one company are rarely heard nowadays.
The income received from shares is called a
dividend, and a person owning shares is called a shareholder.
A share of stock is one of a finite number of equal portions in the capital of a company, entitling the owner to a proportion of distributed, non-reinvested profits known as
dividends, and to a portion of the value of the company in case of liquidation. Shares can be votingor non-voting, meaning they either do or do not carry the right to vote on the board of directors and corporate policy. Whether this right exists often affects the value of the share. Voting and non-voting shares are also known as Class A and B shares respectively.
* [http://www.oldest-share.com/ Oldest share] —the oldest share in the world (Voc 1606)
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share — Shares represent a slice in the ownership of a company. Financial Services Glossary The authorised share capital of a company is divided into a number of equal parts. Each part is called a share. See ordinary shares, preference shares, securities … Financial and business terms
share price — ➔ price1 * * * share price UK US noun [C] (also stock price) FINANCE, STOCK MARKET ► the price of a particular company s shares: »The transaction won t happen if the share price on those four days shows an average lower than 41 guilders or higher … Financial and business terms
share issue — ➔ issue2 * * * share issue UK US noun [C] (also share offer, share offering, stock issue, stock offer) FINANCE, STOCK MARKET ► an occasion when a company makes new shares available for sale, or the number of shares offered … Financial and business terms
share offer — ➔ offer2 * * * share offer UK US noun [C] (also stock offer) FINANCE, STOCK MARKET ► SHARE ISSUE(Cf. ↑share issue) ► … Financial and business terms
share register — ➔ register1 * * * A central register containing details of a company s share ownership. Shareholders and the public usually have a legal right to inspect a company s share register, which is usually kept by a bank or institution which acts as… … Financial and business terms
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share index — ➔ index1 * * * share index UK US noun [C] (plural share indexes, share indices) FINANCE, STOCK MARKET ► STOCK INDEX(Cf. ↑stock index) … Financial and business terms
share transfer — ➔ transfer2 * * * share transfer UK US noun [C or U] FINANCE ► the act of changing a share or group of shares from one owner to another: »Certain types of share transfer, including gifts, are exempt from Stamp Duty … Financial and business terms
share application — ➔ application * * * share application UK US noun [C] (also application for shares) FINANCE, STOCK MARKET ► an order to buy new shares in a company when they are made available for sale: »Share application forms are available in all company outlet … Financial and business terms