Pool of Siloam
Pool of Siloam (, as the location where
Jesussent a man who had been blind from birth as part of the act of healing him.
A substantial remodeling of the pool was constructed in the 5th century, under Byzantine direction, and is said to have been built at the behest of the Empress
Aelia Eudocia. This pool, having been somewhat abandoned and left to ruin, partly survives to the present day; surrounded by a high wall of stones on all sides (except for an arched entrance to Hezekiah's tunnel - which was only rediscovered in the 19th century), the pool is quite small, and has a modestly sized mosquenext to (and partly over) it.
The lower pool
Ancient records report that during the
Second Templeperiod, there was also a "lower pool" further down the hill than the original one. In the Autumnof 2004, workers making excavations for a sewernear the present-day pool uncovered stone steps, and almost immediately Ronny Reichand Eli Shukron(prominent archaeologists) were on the scene; it very quickly became obvious to them that these steps were likely to have been part of the Second Temple period pool. Excavation swiftly commenced and confirmed the initial supposition; the find was formally announced on August 9, 2005and received substantial international media attention. The pool is less than 70 yards from the edge of the Byzantine reconstruction of the "upper pool".
This "lower pool" is not perfectly rectangular, but a soft
trapezoid. There are three sets of five steps, two leading to a platform, before the bottom is reached, and it has been suggested that the steps were designed to accommodate various water levels. The pool is stone lined, but underneath there is evidence of an earlier version which was merely plastered (to help it retain water). Coins found within this plaster date from the time of Alexander Jannaeus(104—76 BC), while a separate collection of coins, dating from the time of the Jewish War(AD 66—70), were also found.
A channel leads from the earlier pool (the "upper pool") to feed this later pool. How much of the pool and its surrounding structures were a result of monumental construction by
Herod the Greatis not yet understood (as of September 2006); nor is the relationship of this pool to the earlier one (i.e., why it was built when the earlier pool already existed). A portion of this pool remains unexcavated, as the land above it is owned by a nearby Greek Orthodox church and is occupied by an orchard known as the King's Garden (compare
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
SILOAM (or Shiloah) INSCRIPTION — SILOAM (or Shiloah) INSCRIPTION, an inscription found in 1880 in the village of Siloam (Arab. Silwān) in Jerusalem. It contains six lines engraved on the rock wall of a tunnel known as the Siloam tunnel which, running through the spur of a hill,… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Siloam, North Carolina — Siloam is an unincorporated community located in southeastern Surry County, North Carolina, United States. The Yadkin River makes up the community s southern border, and the Ararat River flows between it and the community of Shoals to the east.As … Wikipedia
Siloam inscription — The Siloam (Shiloach) inscription or Silwan inscription ( in reference to Jerusalem neighborhood called Silwan ) is a passage of inscribed text originally found in the Hezekiah tunnel (which feeds water from the Gihon Spring to the Pool of Siloam … Wikipedia
Siloam — * For the Arab village and neighborhood, see Silwan * For the ancient city and contemporary Jewish neighborhood, see City of DavidSiloam is an ancient Greek name derived from the more ancient Hebrew: Shiloah), the Arabic: Silwan, was derived form … Wikipedia
Pool of Bethesda — For the various places named after the Pool of Bethesda, see Bethesda. Bethesda was originally the name of a pool in Jerusalem, on the path of the Beth Zeta Valley, and is also known as the Sheep Pool. It is associated with healing.HistoryThe… … Wikipedia
Pool — A pond, or reservoir, for holding water (Heb. berekhah; modern Arabic, birket), an artificial cistern or tank. Mention is made of the pool of Gibeon (2 Sam. 2:13); the pool of Hebron (4:12); the upper pool at Jerusalem (2 Kings 18:17; 20:20);… … Easton's Bible Dictionary
Siloam — [si lō′əm, sīlō′əm] n. [LL(Ec) < Gr(Ec) Silōam < Heb shiloach, lit., sending forth < shalach, to send] Bible a spring and pool outside Jerusalem: John 9:7 … English World dictionary
Siloam Springs, Missouri — Siloam Springs is an unincorporated community in western Howell County, Missouri, United States. It is about two miles south of Route 14 and fifteen miles northwest of West Plains. Its post office is closed and mail now comes from West Plains.… … Wikipedia
Siloam — pool and spring outside Jerusalem (John ix:7), from Late Latin, from New Testament Greek, from Hebrew shiloach, lit. sending forth, from shalach to send … Etymology dictionary
Siloam, Pool of — Sent or sending. Here a notable miracle was wrought by our Lord in giving sight to the blind (John 9:7 11). It has been identified with the Birket Silwan in the lower Tyropoeon valley, to the south east of the hill of Zion. The water which… … Easton's Bible Dictionary