Proto-Indo-European noun


Proto-Indo-European noun

Proto-Indo-European nouns were declined for eight cases (nominative, accusative, genitive, dative, instrumental, ablative, locative, vocative). There were three genders: masculine, feminine, and neuter.

There are two major types of declension, thematic and athematic. Thematic nominal stems are formed with a suffix "-o-" (in vocative "-e") and the stem does not undergo ablaut. The athematic stems are more archaic, and they are classified further by their ablaut behaviour ("acro-dynamic", "protero-dynamic", "hystero-dynamic" and "holo-dynamic", after the positioning of the early PIE accent ("dynamis") in the paradigm).

Case endings:

References

*cite book|first=Robert S. P.|last=Beekes|authorlink=Robert S. P. Beekes|title=Comparative Indo-European Linguistics: An Introduction|location=Amsterdam|publisher=John Benjamins|year=1995|id=ISBN 90-272-2150-2 (Europe), ISBN 1-55619-504-4 (U.S.)
*Ramat, Anna Giacalone and Paolo Ramat (Eds.) (1998). "The Indo-European Languages". Routledge. ISBN 0-415-06449-X.

ee also

*Proto-Indo-European numerals
*Proto-Indo-European pronouns


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