- Proto-Indo-European noun
Proto-Indo-European nouns were declined for eight cases (
nominative, accusative, genitive, dative, instrumental, ablative, locative, vocative). There were three genders: masculine, feminine, and neuter.
There are two major types of declension,
thematic and athematic. Thematic nominal stems are formed with a suffix "-o-" (in vocative "-e") and the stem does not undergo ablaut. The athematic stems are more archaic, and they are classified further by their ablaut behaviour ("acro-dynamic", "protero-dynamic", "hystero-dynamic" and "holo-dynamic", after the positioning of the early PIE accent ("dynamis") in the paradigm).
*cite book|first=Robert S. P.|last=Beekes|authorlink=Robert S. P. Beekes|title=Comparative Indo-European Linguistics: An Introduction|location=
Amsterdam|publisher=John Benjamins|year=1995|id=ISBN 90-272-2150-2 (Europe), ISBN 1-55619-504-4 (U.S.)
*Ramat, Anna Giacalone and Paolo Ramat (Eds.) (1998). "The Indo-European Languages". Routledge. ISBN 0-415-06449-X.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Proto-Indo-European morphology — *Indo European ablaut *Proto Indo European noun *Proto Indo European numerals *Proto Indo European pronouns and particles *Proto Indo European root *Proto Indo European verbee also*Proto Indo European phonology … Wikipedia
Proto-Indo-European pronouns and particles — have been reconstructed by modern linguists based on similarities found across all Indo European languages. The following article lists and discusses their hypothesized forms.PronounsPIE pronouns are difficult to reconstruct due to their variety… … Wikipedia
Proto-Indo-European root — The roots of the reconstructed Proto Indo European language (PIE) are basic morphemes carrying a lexical meaning. By addition of suffixes, they form stems, and by addition of desinences, these form grammatically inflected words (nouns or… … Wikipedia
proto-indo-european — I. “+ noun Usage: capitalized P&I&E : the assumed ancestral language of the Indo European languages II. adjective Usage: usually capitalized P&I&E : of or relating to Proto Indo European * * * ˌProto ˌIndo ˌEuroˈpean 7 [Proto Indo European … Useful english dictionary
Proto-Indo-European language — PIE redirects here. For other uses, see PIE (disambiguation). Indo European topics Indo European languages (list) Albanian · Armenian · Baltic Celtic · Germanic · Greek Indo Ira … Wikipedia
Proto-Indo-European religion — The chariot, as a symbol of social rank and military strength but also mythologically as the sun chariot (Trundholm sun chariot pictured, Nordic Bronze Age, ca. 160 … Wikipedia
Proto-Indo-European to Dacian sound changes — NOTE: all html boxes in this article need to be replaced by another format. The Dacian language was a Satem Indo European Language.hort vowelsPIE has the short vowels e, o. The existence of the PIE short vowel a is disputed.The origin of the Late … Wikipedia
Proto-Indo-European verb — The verbal system of the Proto Indo European language was a complex system that utilized multiple grammatical moods, voices, with words being conjugated according to number, and tense. The complex system of adding affixes to the base of a word… … Wikipedia
Proto-Indo-European — 1. noun a) The hypothetical ancestor language or protolanguage of most European and Indian languages. b) A person who spoke the Proto Indo European language. 2. adjective Of or pertaining to the Proto Indo European language, or the people who… … Wiktionary
Proto-Indo European — noun a prehistoric unrecorded language that was the ancestor of all Indo European languages • Syn: ↑PIE • Hypernyms: ↑Indo European, ↑Indo European language, ↑Indo Hittite … Useful english dictionary