Hoshaiah or Oshaya (Also spelled: Oshaia;Hebrew: אושעיא, הושעיה; died ca. 350 CE) was a Palestinian amora of the 3rd and 4th amoraic generations. It is supposed that his colleague Hanina was his brother (Sanh. 14a; see Edels, Ḥiddushe Agadot, ad loc.). They were lineal descendants from Eli the priest, which circumstance they assigned as reason for Johanan's failure to ordain them. For a living they plied the shoemaker's trade.
Hoshaiah and Ḥanina are mentioned in connection with a certain bath-house, the ownership of which was contested by two persons, one of whom turned over the property as "heḳdesh" (for sacred use), causing Hoshaiah, Ḥanina, and other rabbis to leave it (B. M. 6b). On the day Hoshaiah died, it is claimed, the largest date-palm in Tiberias was uprooted and fell (Yer. Ab. Zarah iii. 42c).
A different Hoshaiah or Heshaiah is also mentioned in the Book of Jeremiah 42:1
Jewish Encyclopedia bibliography
- Yuḥasin. ed. Filipowski, p. 118, London, 1857;
- Heilprin, Seder ha-Dorot, ii.36, Warsaw, 1878;
- Frankel, Mebo, p. 75, Breslau, 1870;
- Jolles, Bet Wa'ad, p. 20a, Cracow, 1884;
- Bacher, Ag. Pal. Amor. iii.565.
- This article incorporates text from the 1901–1906 Jewish Encyclopedia, a publication now in the public domain.
Amoraim Amoraim of Eretz Israel First Generation (Until 250 A.D): Second Generation (Until 280 A.D): Third Generation (Until 310 A.D): Fourth Generation (Until 340 A.D): Fifth Generation (Until 380 A.D): Sixth Generation (Until 410 A.D): Amoraim of Babylon First Generation (Until 250 A.D): Second Generation (Until 280 A.D): Third Generation (Until 310 A.D): Fourth Generation (Until 340 A.D): Fifth Generation (Until 380 A.D): Sixth Generation (Until 430 A.D): Seventh Generation (Until 465 A.D):Rav Yemar | Mar b. Rav Ashi | Rafram II | Aha b. Raba | Judah b. Meremar Eighth Generation (Until 500 A.D):Rabbah Tosafa'ah | Ravina II | Rabbah Jose
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