Doad

Doads
Classification: Caste/Rajput
Clans: Chandravanshi/Rajput
Significant populations in: India, Pakistan, Canada, UK, United States of America Belgium.
Language Punjabi and its dialects
Religion Hinduism , Sikhism

Doad is a clan of Rajput Chandravanshi. Large settlements of Doads are found in Dist. Hoshiarpur (Punjab), Nawanshahar (Punjab) and Dist Una (Himachal). But there are also Doads found in Faridkot, Bathinda, Ferozpur etc. Some Doads who have immigrated to North America and Europe from village Jalwehra have changed their family name to Jalwehra or Dodd. In the earlier British accounts the Doad history was recorded under the "Dod Clan". The history of the Doad clan is beautifully described in A Glossary of the Tribes and castes of the Punjab and North -West Frontier Province compiled by H. A. Rose and based on the Census Report for the Punjab 1883, by Sir Denzil Ibbetson, and the census report for the Punjab 1892 by Sir Edward Maclagan. Published By the Asian Educational Services, pages 243-244.

Contents

History

Doad Rajput is among twelve Rajput tribe (out of the total of 36 Rajput tribes) which belong to the family of Krishna call themselves “Chandarbansi”. In seventh or eight century A.D., a Yadav tribe (which was also “Chandarbansi) ruled over Orissa,

a state in present-day India. According to the tradition, they succeeded in defeating an enemy who was 1 ½ times as numerous themselves. That is why they began to be called deoda (or Deorha: which means 1 ½ ). As time passed, the word deoda began to be pronounced as “Doad”. At the beginning of 9th century, Raja Deochand Doad went to Udaipur, a city in the Rajistan state, with tribesmen and his army. From Udaipur, he progressed towards Delhi by passing through Garh Mandala (a small city in the district Bhilwara in Rajastan).

On his way from Orissa to Delhi, he had to fight many battles. He defeated all his enemies and finally managed to arrive in Delhi. At that time, Delhi was ruled by Tunwars (or Turs) tribe. A battle took place between the Doads and Tunwars in the region of Delhi. The Tunwars were defeated in that battle. Thereafter, the Doads progressed towards Punjab. They conquered the town of Garh Muktesar and its surroundings in the present-day Ferozepur district. A historian wrote the following lines in Pitchasi (the old Punjabi ) related to the above-mentioned military expedition of the Doads:

Orissa se charhiya Raja Deo Chand Baryahan Tika ae,
Tur Raja auliyan jo thake fauj rachae.
Tur chhadde nathke jo mil baithe hai,
Dod Garh Muktesar men jo mile chare thaon.

Raja Deo Chand gave that area to his brothers. Deo Chand left with his army toward Doaba conquered it. After all these conquests, he finally established his empire in Doaba. He chose Jaijon as the capital of his empire. Raja Deo Chand's descendant Raja Jai Chand gave his name to the town of Jaijon which was still the capital of his empire. Later, a Jaswal Rajput King, defeated Raja Jai Chand and became king of his empire. The Jaswal King nominated Raja Jai Chand the Governor of that region.

According to District and Status Gazetteer p. 423, the Doad Rajputs, in these days, founded the town of Mansowal (in east Garhshankar, at the center of the plains of Shivalik mountains). They also constructed a fort in that town, because of which, the town sometimes is referred to as Garhi or Garrhi Mansowal.

Jai Chand had 4 sons. They were granted freedom from the Jaswals. From the four, one took Jaijon, the second took Saroya, the third took Kungrat area of Una district and the fourth of Garhi Mansowal.

Doad Estates

  1. Estate of Mansowal - Around 1000 A.D., Deo Chand's 8 generation, King Shankar Sahai Doad, the ruler of the Manswal Estate, founded the city of Garh Shankar. King Shankar Sahai transferred the capital from Mansowal to Garh Shankar. Around 1775, Shankar Sahai's 31st generation was ruling Garh Shankar (Mansowal). At that time, the stakes were high between Doad tribe and the neighboring Ghorewaha (they are descendants of Ram, Raja Man Singh who was sixth in line from Ram had two sons Kushwaha and Ghorewaha) tribes. Doad tribe always overcame the Ghorewaha tribe.
  2. Estate of Jaijon - There is very little information available about this kingdom. It is believed that Jaijon Kingdom went issueless.
  3. Estate of Saroya - There is very little information available about this kingdom. Under Mughal rules they had to fight tough battles. It is believed that some of the Doads from Saroya Estate embraced Muslim religion.
  4. Estate of Kungrat - Last ruler of Kungrat was Malkait chand and after that they shifted to Gharshakar and his younger brother Balbir Singh shifted to Mehandipur and it's now known as Balachaur. Nowadays Doads are found in parts of Una. The new generations of king family are now settled in Garhshankar.

Doad a Rajput found in Hoshiarpur, the Doads are almost entirely confined to the bit tract in the Siwaliks their head being the rana (the upadhi which originally earn by fighting) is the rana of Mansowal, Jaijon and Saroa were subsequently lost to the Doads and after their defeat by Jaswal as they sank to their status in that region they sank to the status of ranas losing that of rajas of the 22 villages dependant on Kungrat as the family lost its position during the Sikh rule the rana of Mansowal (Garhshankar nowadays) however, maintained his position under the Sikhs rule and holds most of the upper 22 Mansowal villages (beet+22=44) in jagirs, his brother holding the rest.

Another account runs thus:-

Four leaders of the clan migrated from Udaipur to Garh Mandele 1,100 years ago and thence to Garh Mukteshwar, thence jodh chand seized Mansowal expelling hira, the Mahton leader whose tribe held the tract 40 generations ago, rana Chacho Chand, the 19th rana was attacked by the katoch ruler, but his brother Tilok Singh (Tillo) defeated him Atmahetpur in una and Tillo’s shrine at Bhiwani is reverenced to this day, in Sambat 1741 rana Jog Chand repelled a Jaswal invasion, rana Bakht Chand annexed Bhalan with 12 dependent villages in una, his successor Rattan Chand repelled a Jaswal army under Bhagwan Singh Sonkhla who was killed and in his memory, a shrine at Kharalli was erected. A treaty now defined the Jaswal and Doad territories, under Mian Gulab Singh, regent during Achal Chand's minority, Nadir Shah is said to have visited the tract and ordered a massacre of Rasali people, but the rana obtained from him a grant of Bathri, then a Jaswal village, rana Jhagar Chand, however espoused the Jaswal’s cause when they were attacked by Sansar Chandof Kangra in 1804 a.d. and repulsed him on Ranjit Singh invasion of the Mansowal plateau, the rana was confirmed in his possessions subject to contingent of 15 horse, the rule of inheritance was primogeniture, migrated by a system of lopping off villages as fiefs for younger sons, many of whose descendants still hold villages, thus reducing the size of estates.

Plot Against Doads-1775

The Ghorewaha made a deadly plot against the Doads of Estate of Jaijon. They managed to buy Bharadwaj, the high priest of the Doad tribe and massacred the Doads in a well planned scheme. When the Doads were busy in the prayer, four members of the Ghorewan tribe entered the temple according to a well-defined plan and attacked the disarmed Doads who were busy in prayer.

They brutally killed the Doads and filled the tank of the temple with their dead bodies. Thus, the Korewans finally succeeded in conquering Garhshankar. This event took place around 1775. The Doads who managed to escape that slaughter migrated to other areas in Punjab (like Dandiyan, Mansowal, ...).

Doads regaining their power & their New Settlements

the sub-mountainous region

  1. During the reign of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, when he wanted to conquer the sub-mountainous region of Kandi, the Doads of Mansowal sent fifteen horse riders to help Maharaja Ranjit Singh, in order to avenge their massacre by the Ghorewahas. In return, Maharaja granted the Doads the property of the lands of Mansowal. The British Empire also granted the property of eight villages to Doad Rajputs of Mansowal. This information is recorded on page 67 in Final Report of Revised Settlement, Hoshiarpur District, 1877–1884, by J. A. L. Montgomery, published 1885, Calcutta Central Press Co.
  2. After the slaughter of Doads at Garh Shankar, five grandsons of the last Doad King survived. The youngest grandson of the last Doad King, who was also killed Korewans, was married to a girl from Ajnoha. During the Garhshankar tragedy, the wife of the youngest prince was at her parents house in Ajnoha because she was expecting a baby. She gave birth to a son. In those days, it was not considered good to keep the son of a daughter in the village. Therefore, when the young prince became an adult in 1800, the villagers of Ajnoha built a house for him in the land of another village, Panchhat. In the course of time, his cousins, the sons of his two uncles, who were homeless uptil then, finally came to live with him in Panchhat. The son of his third uncle, whose name was Ghamandi, also came to live in with him. The brother of Ghamandi, named Jattu, went to live in Thakarwal. The descends of Jattu, went to live in New Thakarwal (Randhirgarh) and others came to live with the son of the youngest prince. Sometime later, they also brought the people of lower castes from Garhshankar to their place. Their place of residence was located in the low land. In the rainy season, their village remained full of water for many days. That is why their village began to be called “Jalwehra” meaning "terrace of water".

In the beginning, the villagers of Panchhat opposed the creation of Jalwehra village in their lands. Many clashes took place between the two villages. Among the villagers of Jalwehra, Baba Mith Singh and Baba Bir Bhan Singh sacrificed their life to protect their village. Their memorials are today a place of worship in the village. A gurudwara honouring Baba Bir Bhan Singh was recently built on the site of the original memorial. The Doads of Hoshiarpur started becoming Sikhs during Akali Baba Phula Singhs time. The first one was Nihang Koom Singh Doad (of vill. Jalwehra), who was the son of Ghamandi, and the great-grandson of the last king of Garhshankar. The Rajput residents of villages Jalwehra, Thakarwal and New Thakarwal (Randhirgarh) are descendents of the last Raja of Garhshankar who was killed by Ghorewahas.

  1. Settlements in Una Dist's of Himachal significant number of Doads (between 5000 and 6000) reside in the village of Dulehar, Singan & Bathu in current Himachal Pradesh. These Doad Rajputs are remnant of the larger Doad clan. This village apparently has a glorious history and nearly 100 soldier laid down their lives during World Wars 1 and 2.
  2. 3. Settlements in Firazpur, Bathinda & Abohar Dist's of Punjab: After the slaughter of Doads at Garh Shankar, five grandsons of the last Doad King survived. The youngest grandson of the last Doad King, who was also killed Korewans, was married to a girl from Ajnoha.
  3. ’’’During the Garhshankar tragedy’’’, the wife of the youngest prince was at her parents house in Ajnoha because she was expecting a baby. She gave birth to a son. In those days, it was not considered good to keep the son of a daughter in the village. Therefore, when the young prince became an adult in 1800, the villagers of Ajnoha built a house for him in the land of another village, Panchhat. In the course of time, his cousins, the sons of his two uncles, who were homeless uptil then, finally came to live with him in Panchhat. The son of his third uncle, whose name was Ghamandi, also came to live in with him. The brother of Ghamandi, named Jattu, went to live in Thakarwal. The descends of Jattu, went to live in New Thakarwal (Randhirgarh) and others came to live with the son of the youngest prince. Sometime later, they also brought the people of lower castes from Garhshankar to their place. Their place of residence was located in the low land. In the rainy season, their village remained full of water for many days. That is why their village began to be called “Jalwehra” meaning "terrace of water".

In the beginning, the villagers of Panchhat opposed the creation of Jalwehra village in their lands. Many clashes took place between the two villages. Among the villagers of Jalwehra, Baba Mith Singh and Baba Bir Bhan Singh sacrificed their life to protect their village. Their memorials are today a place of worship in the village. A gurudwara honouring Baba Bir Bhan Singh was recently built on the site of the original memorial. The Doads of Hoshiarpur started becoming Sikhs during Akali Baba Phula Singhs time. The first one was Nihang Koom Singh Doad (of vill. Jalwehra), who was the son of Ghamandi, and the great-grandson of the last king of Garhshankar. The Rajput residents of villages Jalwehra, Thakarwal and New Thakarwal (Randhirgarh) are descendents of the last Raja of Garhshankar who was killed by Ghorewahas.

Large settlements of Doads are found in Dist. Hoshiarpur (Punjab), Nawanshahar (Punjab) and Dist Una (Himachal). But there are also Doads found in Faridkot, Bathinda, Ferozpur etc. Some Doads who have immigrated to North America and Europe from village Jalwehra have changed their family name to Jalwehra or Dodd. In the earlier British accounts the Doad history was recorded under the "Dod Clan". The history of the Doad clan is beautifully described in A Glossary of the Tribes and castes of the Punjab and North -West Frontier Province compiled by H. A. Rose and based on the Census Report for the Punjab 1883, by Sir Denzil Ibbetson, and the census report for the Punjab 1892 by Sir Edward Maclagan. Published By the Asian Educational Services, pages 243-244.

’’’Rajpootana "Rajasthan" Region - A’’’

Raja Deochand Doad went to Udaipur, a city in the Rajistan state, with tribesmen and his army. From Udaipur he left toward delhi but left his brother to take over the region, . DOD Rajpoot - Earlier they had rule over some states in Gujarat. Present Hadauti was earlier occupied by Huns and known as Huna Pradesh. Dods (डोड) defeated them and established their capital at Dodgarh (Gagrum). This area was under Nagavanshi rulers. This is mentioned in an Inscription of v.s. 847 (770 AD). You can also see traces of Doad Rajpoot by visiting The Fort of Jhalawar- Gagron Fort

The Gagron fort stands majestically on the crest of a hill at the confluence of the Kalisind and the Ahurivers. The former surrounding it from three sides provides an unsurpassable barrier.

’’’Location and Architecture’’’

The fort of Gagron situated among such natural environs is regarded as one of the most important forts of Rajasthan. The fort was constructed by the Doad Rajputs in whose possession it remained up to the 12th century, A.D. The fort is also called Dodgarh after its founder.

Dodgarh'gagron fort'

Doads defeated them and continued to rule here in this region till v. s. 1300 (1243 AD). Jahajpur area in Mewar was also ruled by Doads. An inscription of their rule is found of the year v.s. 1334 (1177 AD). Telanjarai Doad was a samanta of Prithvirajn time.

(Delhi Region-B)

Thereafter leaving its sum nobles in that region you can see traces as Dods of Bulandshahr - This town was earlier known as Vana (वाणा). This was ruled by Dod Kshatriyas, who were samantas of Chauhans. During reign of Prithvirah the ruler of this area was Anang. Anang had left a grant of v.s. 1233 (1176 AD). According to this grant 16 generations of Dods ruled here. They probably established here around 900 AD. When Mahmud Gazanvi attacked Mathura, Bulandshahr was ruled by Hardatt Dod,

  1. Pakistan

Some Doads also reside in Pakistani areas of Sahiwal etc.

The Doads have also been associated with Guru Nanak Dev ji, as per the Bala Janamsakhi. On one of his journeys, Guru Nanak Dev ji along with his companion Mardana set up camp on the banks of the river Ravi. A Doad from a nearby village befriended Guru Nanak. It is said that Doad and his wife brought Guru ji milk on a daily basis and with Guru ji’s blessings, Doad’s family flourished and became prosperous. Guru Nanak Dev ji eventually settled at this site and it became to be known as Kartarpur. See http://www.globalsikhstudies.net/index.htm, English version of the Janamsakhi Tradition

Regions in India with Doad population

Districts

In these districts there are a few villages with significant number of Doads.

Villages

Village District & State Population
Kungrat Una district, HP
Jalwehra Hoshiarpur, Punjab ca. 600
Mansowal Hoshiarpur, Punjab -
Todarpur Hoshiarpur, Punjab -
Dandiyan Hoshiarpur, Punjab ca. 500
Thakkarwal Hoshiarpur, Punjab -
Badala Hoshiarpur, Punjab -
Randhir Garh Kapurthala, Punjab ca. 500
Doad Faridkot, Punjab -
Dulehar Una, Himachal Pradesh. ca. 3500

Italic text==Notable persons of the Doad clan==

Rana Banwari Lal Doad VPO Singan Una Sociol worker Late Sh. Balwant Singh Doad BA,LLB(Grand Son Of Rana Saheb Lehna Singh Ji Last Ruler of erstwhile Estate Garhi Mansowal Tehsil Garhshankar, Distt. Hoshiarpur. He also was Personal Secretary to Raja Sahib Tharoch of Punjab Hill Estate (HP)He Joined The Indian British Army in 1918 in the time of first World War and left after the end of Seconed world War In 1945.)He was residing in Phagwara Distt. Kapurthala from 1968 and died in the age of 96 on 16 August 1994.

King Deo Chand Doad Jaijon First king of the Doad who ruled Doaba.
King Jai Chand Doad Jaijon Descendant of King Deo Chand Doad and ruler Doaba.
King Shankar Sahai Doad Garh Shankar. King of the estate of Garh Shankar (also known as Estate of Mansowal).
Jathedaar Koom Singh Doad 'Nihang' Jalwehra. Took amrit from Akali Baba Phoola Singh Ji.
Rana Gajender Chand Mansowal.
Rana (subedar) Ganga Singh Doad Garh Shankar(Sinhvaan) Indian Army (V.C.O)
Maj. Rampal Singh Doad Garhshankar officer indian army and religious reformer
Kanwar Ari Daman Singh Doad Mansowal. Younger brother Rana Gajender Chand.
Rana Ashok singh Garhshankar (delhi) religious preacher & social worker
Shamsher Singh Doad Singan Dist.Una H.P Devotee of Akali Baba Phula Singh
Chaudhury Amar Singh Doad Jalwehra. MLA of Hoshiarpur in the 50s.
Harnam Singh Doad Jalwehra. Freedom fighter during British Raj. Took part in Jaito Morcha and spent 14 months in Nabha Jail.
Karnail Singh Doad District: Faridkot. Former MLA & now chairman of Education Society.
Sukhdev Singh Doad District: Faridkot District president of the Shiromani Akali Dal (A).
Shaheed Manjeet Singh Babbar Jalwehra. Sikh Separatist and General of Babbar Khalsa International.
Sukhdev Singh Jalwehra (Doad) Jalwehra. Famous Sikh writer & Separatist.
Dr. Tarsem Singh Rana Dulehar, Distt. Una, HP Famous Horoscope Reader and Ayurvedic Doctor.
Kanwar Yash Pal Singh [Village Dulehar, Dist. Una, HP] Famous Economist, Educationist and Social worker
Rajkumari Shakuntala Kanwar (of Tharoch State) (w/o Kanwar Yash Pal Singh Doad) Dulehar, Dist Una, HP Educationist; Social Worker; Ex. BJP Mahila Morcha President; Ex. Member BJP State Executive Committee HP; Ex. Director State SC, ST & Woman Welfare Corporation (HP); Ex. Membder HP Small Saving Board, State Telephone Advisory Committee, Dist Woman Cricket Association, Dahej Nivaran Committee Dist Una; Ex. Gram Panchyat Pradhan Village Dulehar;
Davinder Singh Doad (Late) Jalwehra. SP.
Dr. Pritam Singh Doad District: Bathinda. President of Citizens Welfare Council (CPO) and member of Punjab Pradesh Committee.
Amarjit Singh Doad District: Ferozepur. District Mandi officer of Ferozepur in the 90s.
Jasbir Singh Doad Jalwehra. Current Lambhardaar of Jalwehra.
Harbhajan Singh Doad Jalwehra. President Gurudwara Samadhan of Jalwehra.
Thakur Kashmir Singh Doad Una (HP) Senior Advocate
Rana Balbir Singh Kungrat,Una younger brother of Malkiat Chand.

his sons are now living in Balachaur(Mehandipur)their names are Anup Singh, Chandroop Singh, Ramesh Rana, Rajesh Rana.

Rana Lehna Singh Manaswal Notable Ruler of Manaswal and Punjab Chief of Hoshiarpur District [Doad Rajput].
(Late)Rana Malkiat Singh Doad Una (HP)Kungrat Last ruler of estate of Kungrat prior to independence of India .His sons Uday Bhan Rana and Chander Bhan Rana now live in Garhshankar and are prominent public figures there.

MR.Dalip Singh doad

MA.LLB Chandigarh

{Sushil Kumar Doad Microbiologist Social Worker Associated With many NGOs Melbourne Australia


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