Kodacolor (still photography)
: "For other uses of the "Kodacolor" brand, see
Kodacolor." In still photography, Kodak's Kodacolor brand has been associated with various color negative films (i.e. film intended for making color prints with) since 1942. [cite web | url=http://www.kodak.com/US/en/corp/kodakHistory/1930_1959.shtml | title=History of Kodak: Milestones 1930-1959 | publisher=Kodak | accessdate=2006-12-02] Kodak claims that Kodacolor print film was the world's first true color negative film. The Kodacolor name has subsequently been used on several negative films, including Kodacolor-X, Kodacolor VR and Kodacolor Gold.
As of early 2007, Kodak's current color negative films no longer use the Kodacolor brand name.Fact|date=February 2007
Varieties of Kodacolor-branded print film
Infobox Photographic film
name = Kodacolor
speed = 25/15°
process = proprietary, later known as C-22
format = 120, 620, 116, 616, 127, 35 mm, 122 [Kodak Cameras - The First Hundred Years, by Brian Coe. Lists that Kodak produced Kodacolor in 122 for a very limited period in the 1940s.]
Kodacolor was a color negative film manufactured by
Eastman Kodakbetween 1942 and 1963. It was the first color negative film that they marketed.
When introduced, Kodacolor was sold with the cost of processing the film included, but prints were ordered separately. Both the film and processing procedures were revised through the years. The speed was increased to 32/16° in the 1950s.
After Kodak lost their anti-trust case in
1954, starting in 1955processing was no longer included in the price of Kodacolor. [cite web | url=http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,892930,00.html | title=New Kodak Developments | publisher=Time | date= January 3 1955| accessdate=2008-01-07] Kodak made the processing information (by then C-22 process) and chemicals available to other film processing labs.
While Kodacolor film was normally daylight balanced, for a while starting in 1956 [New York Times: New Kodacolor Rollfilm Announced by Eastman Types Combined, February 5, 1956.] it was balanced in-between daylight and tungsten, to allow use indoors, or with clear flash bulbs. This film used the prefix CU. This was not a great success, and the film returned to daylight balance a few years later.
Kodacolor was also available in Type A, balanced for 3400K photolamps. A suffix of A on the type number indicated Type A, such as C828A.
1958, Kodak made Kodacolor available in the 35 mm format. Prior to that, the only 35mm color film they offered was Kodachrome.
Kodacolor-X was a color negative film manufactured by
Eastman Kodakbetween 1963and 1974. It was introduced along with the Kodak Instamaticcameras which used 126 film.
The film was designed to be processed in the
C-22 process, which was the predecessor to today's C-41 process.
Only a few specialty labs still process this film, due to the length of discontinuation. Surviving Kodacolor-X and C-22 films can still yield color images, although it requires highly specialist recovery techniques.
Kodacolor-II was the first of a new generation of Kodak color negative films using the
C-41 process. It was designed as a major improvement to meet the needs of the small 13×17 mm negatives used in 110 filmfor the Kodak Pocket Instamaticcameras.
The film was only released in the 110 size in
1972, so that non-Kodak processing labs would have time to set up lines using the C-41 process. The other sizes were released in 1973.
Kodacolor 400 was available by or before
1981. It offered a major speed increase over Kodacolor II.
Kodacolor HR was only available in the Disc format. It was Kodak's first color negative film to use their T-Grain technology. The T-Grain technology offered significant reduction in film grain, which was required for the very small 8×11 mm negatives used in the Kodak Disc cameras and film introduced in the same year.
It was also Kodak's first film to use an improved cyan color-coupler, that makes the cyan dye in the negative much more stable [cite web | url=http://www.wilhelm-research.com/pdf/HW_Book_05_of_20_HiRes_v1a.pdf | title=The Permanence and Care of Color Photographs | publisher=Wilhelm research | format=PDF | accessdate=2008-01-07]
Kodacolor VR 1000
Kodacolor VR 1000 was announced in
1982, and available in 1983. [cite web | url=http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,949606-1,00.html | title=Fast Film Coup | publisher=Time | date= October 18 1982| accessdate=2008-01-07] This was also a T-Grain film, which made possible such a high speed film with tolerable grain.
Kodacolor VR 100
Kodacolor VR 100 was introduced along with the 200 and 400 speeds in 1982. [cite web | url=http://www.kodak.com/US/en/corp/kodakHistory/1980_1989.shtml | title=History of Kodak: Milestones 1980-1989 | publisher=Kodak | accessdate=2008-01-07] [cite web | url=http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9A03E1D71E38F935A15752C0A965948260 | publisher=
New York Times| title=New Kodak Films | date= January 26 1983] This transitioned the entire Kodacolor line of films to T-Grain technology.
The Kodacolor VR films were also Kodak's first to use developer-inhibitor-releaser, which improved edge effects for higher sharpness. [New York Times: New Color Films: Faster, Brighter, Sharper, July 7, 1983.]
Kodacolor VR 200
Kodacolor VR 200 used T-Grain technology. It was also available in the Disc film format (CVR).
Kodacolor VR 400
Kodacolor VR 400 used T-Grain technology.
Kodacolor VR-G 100
Kodacolor VR-G 100 was later sold as Kodacolor Gold 100.
Kodacolor VR-G 200
Kodacolor VR-G 200 was later sold as Kodacolor Gold 200.
Kodacolor VR-G 400
Kodacolor VR-G 400 was later sold as Kodacolor Gold 400.
*Processing of older Kodacolor films requiring Process C-22 :
** [http://www.processc22.co.uk Process C-22] UK, Europe and Australia
** [http://www.filmrescue.com Film Rescue] USA and Canada
** [http://www.frugalphotographer.com/Publications/Photofinishing%20Services.pdf C-22 processing] at [http://www.frugalphotographer.com Frugal Photographer] USA and Canada
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