Michael Coxcie (
Mechelen1499 – March 5, 1592) was a Flemish painter who studied under Bernard van Orley, who probably induced him to visit the Italian peninsula. (Coxcie is sometimes spelled "Coxie", such as in the Mechelenstreet devoted to the painter).
Romein 1532 he painted the chapel of Cardinal Enckenvoirtin the church of Santa Maria dell' Anima; and Giorgio Vasari, who knew him, says with truth that he fairly acquired the manner of an Italian. But Coxcie's principal occupation was designing for engravers; and the fable of Psyche in thirty-two sheets by Agostino Venezianoand the "Master of the Die" are favorable specimens of his skill.
Returning to the Netherlands, Coxcie greatly extended his practice in this branch of art. But his productions were till lately concealed under an interlaced monogram M.C.O.K.X.I.N. In 1539, Coxcie returned to Mechelen, where he matriculated and painted the wings of an altarpiece [Mechelen altarpiece now in Sanct Veit Cathedral in
Prague.] for the chapel of the guild of St Luke. The centre of this altar-piece, by Jan Mabuse, represents Saint Luke the Evangelist, patron of painters, portraying the Virgin; the side pieces contain the "Martyrdom of Saint Vitus" and the "Vision of St John the Evangelist in Patmos".
At van Orley's death in 1541 Coxcie succeeded to the office of court painter to the
Regent Maria of Austria, for whom he decorated the castle of Binche. He was subsequently patronized by Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, who often coupled his works with those of Titian; by Philip II of Spain, who paid him royally for a copy of Jan van Eyck's "Agnus Dei"; and by Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, Duke of Alva, who once protected him from the insults of Spanish soldiery at Mechelen. At that time Coxcie also designed tapestries for the Brussels manufacturers.
Many tapestries were sold to
Sigismund II Augustusfor his castle on the Wawel. Coxcie may also have designed the tapestries for Phillip II's Royal Palace of Madriddepicting episodes of the life of Cyrus II, based on the writing of Herodotus. [Campbell, T. (2002) Art & Magnificence. Tapestry in the Renaissance, p. 394-403.]
There are large masterworks of his from (1587-1588) in the
St. Rumbolds Cathedralof Mechelen, in the St. Michael and Gudula Cathedralof Brussels, and in the museums of Brussels and Antwerp. His style is Raphaelesque grafted on the Flemish, but his imitation of Raphael, whilst it distantly recalls Giulio Romano, is never free from affectation and stiffness. He was known as the Flemish Raphael. [CathEncy|url=http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/04463b.htm|title=Michiel Coxcie] He died at Mechelen on the 5 March, 1592, after falling from a flight of stairs.
* [http://www.wga.hu/frames-e.html?/bio/c/coxcie/michiel/biograph.html Web Gallery of Art: Biography of Michael Coxcie]
* [http://www.wga.hu/frames-e.html?/html/c/coxcie/michiel/index.html Web Gallery of Art: Paintings by Michael Coxcie]
* [http://www.christies.com/promos/oct06/omp/overview.asp?link=2&page=6 Christies.com Overview]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
COXCIE, MICHAEL — a celebrated Flemish painter, born at Mechlin (1497 1592) … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Michiel Coxcie — (* 5. März 1499 in Mechelen; † 10. März 1592 ebenda) war ein flämischer Maler. Von 1530 bis 1539 lebte er in Rom. 1539 wurde er Mitglied in der Lukasgilde in Mechelen. 1542 findet man ihn als Meister in Brüssel. Ab 1546 ist er der Hofmaler von… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Bernard van Orley — Alleged portrait of Bernard van Orley by Albrecht Dürer. Birth name Bernard van Orley Born between 1487 and 1491 … Wikipedia
March 5 — This article is about the day. For the 1993 novel, see The Fifth of March. << March 2011 >> Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa 1 … Wikipedia
1490s in art — The decade of the 1490s in art involved some significant events. Events The Renaissance is in full swing during the 1490s, and Leonardo da Vinci is painting in realistic, chiaroscuro style. In music, many new musical styles were being created,… … Wikipedia
1592 — Year 1592 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Saturday of the 10 day slower Julian calendar). Events of 1592 January June * January 30 Pope Clement VIII … Wikipedia
1499 — Year 1499 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. Events of 1499 * January 8 Louis XII of France marries Anne of Brittany, due to a law set by his predecessor, Charles VIII. * July 22… … Wikipedia
Cornelis Cort — in Het Gulden Cabinet Cornelis Cort (c. 1533 – c. March 17, 1578) was a Dutch engraver and draughtsman. He spent the last 12 years of his life in Italy, where he was known as Cornelio Fiammingo … Wikipedia
Caspar de Crayer — Gaspar de Crayer. Engraving after Anthony van Dyck Gaspar de Crayer (18 November 1582 27 January 1669), sometimes called Gaspard or Caspar de Crayer was a Flemish painter. Crayer was born in Antwerp. He learned the art of painting from Michael… … Wikipedia
List of Flemish painters — This is an incomplete list of Flemish painters, with place and date of birth and death and painting style. It includes painters from not only the area of modern Flanders but from modern Wallonia and elsewhere.Painters from later than 1830 belong… … Wikipedia