Abijah ("father of the sea" or "my father is the sea" or "my father is the god
Yah") Hebrew:אביים Aviyam) was the fourth king of the House of David and the second of the Kingdom of Judah. He was the son of Rehoboam, the grandson of Solomonand the great-grandson of David. The Chroniclerrefers to him as " Abijah("my father is The LORD"). William F. Albrighthas dated his reign to 915 BC- 913 BC, while E. R. Thieleoffers the dates 913 BC- 911 BC. The Hebrew Biblegives his reign length as three years. His mother's name was Maacah, or Micaiah, the granddaughter of the infamous Abishalom ( Absalom).
War Against Jeroboam I
Abijah seems to have gone to considerable lengths to bring the fledgling
Kingdom of Israelback under his control. He waged a major battle against the northern king in the Mountains of Ephraim; the sizes of the two armies are given by II Chronicles as being 400 000 and 800 000 respectively. Abijah addressed the armies of Israel, telling them to return to his control, but his plea fell on deaf ears. Abijah's elite warriors fended off a pincer movement to rout Jeroboam I, killing over half of his troops.
Jeroboam I was crippled by this severe defeat at the hands of his southern rival, and was not much of a threat to the
Kingdom of Judahfor the rest of his reign.
A more complete biography than that of the
Hebrew Bibleof Abijah was written by Iddo the Seer, but it is no longer extant. Abijah had fourteen wives who bore him thirty-six children. He was buried beside his ancestors in Jerusalem. He was succeeded by Asa.
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Abijam — Abijam, dans le Promptuarii Iconum Insigniorum de Guillaume Rouillé (1553) Selon la Bible, Abijam (hébreu אביים : Mon père est (de) la mer) ou Abija (hébreu אבייה : Mon père est YHWH)[ … Wikipédia en Français
Abijam — Abija (hebr. אביה), aus dem Stamm Juda, Sohn Rehabeams und Maachas/Michajas, war zweiter König von Juda von 915 v. Chr. bis 913 v. Chr. Über Abija liegen nur biblische Quellen vor. Wie sein Vater Rehabeam wurde Abija dem Monotheismus untreu und… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Abijam — Father of the sea; i.e., seaman the name always used in Kings of the king of Judah, the son of Rehoboam, elsewhere called Abijah (1 Kings 15:1, 7, 8). (See Abijah.) … Easton's Bible Dictionary
Abijam — See Abijah … Dictionary of the Bible
Asa of Judah — Asa Hebrew: ’Asa ben ’Aviyam King of Judah Hebrew: Melekh Yehudah אסא בן אבים מלך יהודה Asa from Guillaume Rouillé s Promptuarii Iconum Insigniorum Reign … Wikipedia
Jeroboam — For other uses, see Wine bottle and Jeroboam II. Jeroboam; Hebrew: ירבעם King of Israel Illustration of Jeroboam setting up two golden calves, Bible Historiale, 1372 … Wikipedia
Asa (Juda) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Asa. Illustration médiévale d Asa détruisant les idoles, dans la Bible historiale … Wikipédia en Français
Roboam — Roboam, sur un fragment de fresque murale de la Chambre du Conseil de la mairie de Bâle, par Hans Holbein le Jeune Selon … Wikipédia en Français
1 Kings 15 — 1 Now in the eighteenth year of king Jeroboam the son of Nebat reigned Abijam over Judah. 2 Three years reigned he in Jerusalem. and his mother s name was Maachah, the daughter of Abishalom. 3 And he walked in all the sins of his father, which he … The King James version of the Bible
Genealogy of Jesus — Rose window in Basilica of St Denis, France, depicting the ancestors of Christ from Jesse onwards … Wikipedia