Abijah ("father of the sea" or "my father is the sea" or "my father is the god Yah") Hebrew:אביים Aviyam) was the fourth king of the House of David and the second of the Kingdom of Judah. He was the son of Rehoboam, the grandson of Solomon and the great-grandson of David. The Chronicler refers to him as "Abijah ("my father is The LORD"). William F. Albright has dated his reign to 915 BC-913 BC, while E. R. Thiele offers the dates 913 BC-911 BC. The Hebrew Bible gives his reign length as three years. His mother's name was Maacah, or Micaiah, the granddaughter of the infamous Abishalom (Absalom).

War Against Jeroboam I

Abijah seems to have gone to considerable lengths to bring the fledgling Kingdom of Israel back under his control. He waged a major battle against the northern king in the Mountains of Ephraim; the sizes of the two armies are given by II Chronicles as being 400 000 and 800 000 respectively. Abijah addressed the armies of Israel, telling them to return to his control, but his plea fell on deaf ears. Abijah's elite warriors fended off a pincer movement to rout Jeroboam I, killing over half of his troops.

Jeroboam I was crippled by this severe defeat at the hands of his southern rival, and was not much of a threat to the Kingdom of Judah for the rest of his reign.


A more complete biography than that of the Hebrew Bible of Abijah was written by Iddo the Seer, but it is no longer extant. Abijah had fourteen wives who bore him thirty-six children. He was buried beside his ancestors in Jerusalem. He was succeeded by Asa.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Abijam — Abijam, dans le Promptuarii Iconum Insigniorum de Guillaume Rouillé (1553) Selon la Bible, Abijam (hébreu אביים : Mon père est (de) la mer) ou Abija (hébreu אבייה : Mon père est YHWH)[ …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Abijam — Abija (hebr. אביה‎), aus dem Stamm Juda, Sohn Rehabeams und Maachas/Michajas, war zweiter König von Juda von 915 v. Chr. bis 913 v. Chr. Über Abija liegen nur biblische Quellen vor. Wie sein Vater Rehabeam wurde Abija dem Monotheismus untreu und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Abijam —    Father of the sea; i.e., seaman the name always used in Kings of the king of Judah, the son of Rehoboam, elsewhere called Abijah (1 Kings 15:1, 7, 8). (See Abijah.) …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Abijam — See Abijah …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • Asa of Judah — Asa Hebrew: ’Asa ben ’Aviyam King of Judah Hebrew: Melekh Yehudah אסא בן אבים מלך יהודה Asa from Guillaume Rouillé s Promptuarii Iconum Insigniorum Reign …   Wikipedia

  • Jeroboam — For other uses, see Wine bottle and Jeroboam II. Jeroboam; Hebrew: ירבעם King of Israel Illustration of Jeroboam setting up two golden calves, Bible Historiale, 1372 …   Wikipedia

  • Asa (Juda) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Asa. Illustration médiévale d Asa détruisant les idoles, dans la Bible historiale …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Roboam — Roboam, sur un fragment de fresque murale de la Chambre du Conseil de la mairie de Bâle, par Hans Holbein le Jeune Selon …   Wikipédia en Français

  • 1 Kings 15 — 1 Now in the eighteenth year of king Jeroboam the son of Nebat reigned Abijam over Judah. 2 Three years reigned he in Jerusalem. and his mother s name was Maachah, the daughter of Abishalom. 3 And he walked in all the sins of his father, which he …   The King James version of the Bible

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