- Marriott World Trade Center
Marriott World Trade Center Location Lower Manhattan, New York City Address 3 World Trade Center
New York, New York
Hotel chain Marriott Hotels & Resorts Coordinates Coordinates: Opening date August 1981 Closing date September 11, 2001 Developer Port Authority of New York and New Jersey Architect Skidmore, Owings & Merrill Owner Host Marriott Corporation Rooms 817 Suites 26 Restaurants 3 Floors 22 Total height 242 ft (74 m)
The Marriott World Trade Center was a 242 foot 22-story steel-framed hotel building with 825 rooms. It opened in 1981 as the Vista International and was located at 3 World Trade Center in New York City. Vista International was the brand name under which Hilton International operated hotels in the United States during the period when they were a separate company from Hilton Hotels. Hilton International, under the name "Inhilco" operated the restaurant operations in the World Trade Center. On the top of 1 WTC was Windows on the World restaurant which occupied the entire top floor. Cellar in the Sky served the best meals matched to the best wines available at the time. Inhilco also operated the ballroom and banquet facilities on the 106th floor along with restaurants on the WTC Concourse.
The Vista International Hotel was the first hotel to open in Lower Manhattan since 1836. The building was designed by Skidmore, Owings & Merrill and originally owned by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey and KUO Hotels of Korea with HIlton International acting as management agent.
The first general manager was Eddie Florijn. The first executive chef was Hilton International Corp. Exec Chef Walter Plendner. George Weiss was the first Food & Beverage Director. Roger Davis was made F&B Director when George Weiss was promoted to Rooms Division Manager. Margaret Spader was the food consultant for American Cuisine recipes and research. Joseph Sayegh was the first director of purchasing. Kenn Stransky was the first purchasing agent and later foods buyer. It was sold in 1995 to Host Marriott Corporation after then-Governors George Pataki of New York and Christine Todd Whitman of New Jersey pressured Port Authority officials to sell its less profitable assets.
The Vista International Hotel was connected to the North and South tower, and many went through the hotel to get to the Twin Towers. The hotel had a few establishments including The American Harvest Restaurant, The Greenhouse Cafe, Tall Ships Bar & Grill, a store called Times Square Gifts, The Russia House Restaurant and a Grayline New York Tours Bus ticket counter, a gym that was the largest of any hotel in New York at the time, and a hair salon named Olga's. The hotel also had 26,000 square feet (2,400 m2) of meeting space on the entire 3rd floor along with The New Amsterdam Ballroom on the main floor, and was considered a four-diamond hotel by AAA.
The structure was destroyed on September 11, 2001 in the collapse of the North and South Towers of the World Trade Center.
1993 World Trade Center bombing
On February 26, 1993, the hotel was seriously damaged as a result of the World Trade Center bombing. Terrorists took a Ryder truck loaded with 1,500 pounds (682 kilograms) of explosives and parked it in the One World Trade Center parking garage, below the hotel's ballroom. At 12:18pm (Eastern Time), an explosion destroyed or seriously damaged the lower and sub levels of the World Trade Center complex. After extensive repairs, the hotel reopened in November 1994.
September 11, 2001 attacks
On September 11, 2001, the hotel was at full capacity, and had over 1,000 registered guests. In addition, the National Association for Business Economics (NABE) was holding its yearly conference at the hotel.
When American Airlines Flight 11 crashed into the North Tower (1 WTC), the landing gear fell into the roof of the Marriott hotel. There were many eyewitness accounts from firefighters who went up the stairs in the Marriott Hotel to the second floor. Firefighters used the lobby as the staging area, and were also in the hotel to evacuate guests that may have still been in the hotel. Firefighters also reported bodies on the roof from the people that had jumped or fallen from the burning towers. The collapse of the South Tower (2 WTC) split the hotel in half (such damage can briefly be seen in the documentary film 9/11), and the collapse of its twin destroyed the rest of the hotel aside from a small section (as seen on the picture) that was furthest from the north tower. Fourteen people who had been trying to evacuate the partially destroyed hotel after the first collapse managed to survive the second collapse in this small section. The section of the hotel that had managed to survive the collapse of the Twin Towers had been upgraded after the 1993 bombing.
As a result of the collapse of the Twin Towers, the hotel was destroyed. Only four stories of the building were still standing, all of which were gutted. Approximately 40 people died in the hotel, including two hotel employees and many firefighters who were using the hotel as a staging ground.
- ^ Lew, H. S., Richard W. Bukowski, and Nicholas J. Carino. "Design, Construction, and Maintenance of Structural and Life Safety Systems (pdf)" (PDF). National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). http://wtc.nist.gov/pubs/NISTNCSTAR1-1.pdf.
- ^ Eisner, Harvey (April 2002). "Terrorist Attack At New York World Trade Center". Firehouse Magazine. http://www.firehouse.com/terrorist/911/magazine/harvey.html.
- ^ "New York Marriott World Trade Center (archived website)". Archived from the original on 2001-03-02. http://web.archive.org/web/20010302170535/http://www.marriotthotels.com/NYCWT/meeting.asp. Retrieved 2001-03-02.
- ^ Dwyer, Jim; Fessenden, Ford (September 11, 2002). "One Hotel's Fight to the Finish; At the Marriott, a Portal to Safety as the Towers Fell". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2002/09/11/nyregion/one-hotel-s-fight-finish-marriott-portal-safety-towers-fell.html?pagewanted=print&src=pm.
- Marriott World Trade Center Survivors
- Stories by NABE members about the attack
- The 9/11 Hotel, a five-part documentary video on YouTube including interviews with surviving guests and workers at the Marriott World Trade Center
- Marriott World Trade Center Website - Archived on Internet Archive
World Trade Center World Trade Center Complex 2001–present Terrorist Attacks Alternative Proposal Biographies
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Marriott World Trade Center — El Hotel Marriott y las Torres Gemelas (julio de 2001). Edificio Localización … Wikipedia Español
Marriott world trade center — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Hotel Marriott World Trade Center El Hotel Marriott World Trade Center era un edificio de acero entramado de 22 pisos. El hotel contaba con 825 habitaciones. Inaugurado como el Vista Hotel en 1981, el hotel estaba… … Wikipedia Español
Marriott World Trade Center — (WTC 3) vor den Twin Towers Das Marriott World Trade Center, ursprünglich World Trade Center 3 genannt, war ein 22 Stockwerke hohes Gebäude und bis 2001 Teil des World Trade Center Komplexes in Lower Manhattan, New York City. Es öffnete 1981 mit… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Marriott World Trade Center — Pour les articles homonymes, voir World Trade Center (homonymie). WTC 3 Le WTC 3, derrière le Pont Sud du World Financial Center, et aux pieds des tours jumelles du Wor … Wikipédia en Français
World Trade Center — Blick von Südwest auf den Komp … Deutsch Wikipedia
World Trade Center (New York) — World Trade Center Blick von Südwest … Deutsch Wikipedia
World Trade Center (New York) — World Trade Center Pour les articles homonymes, voir World Trade Center (film). Pour la tour en reconstruction, voir 1 World Trade Center … Wikipédia en Français
World Trade Center (Begriffsklärung) — World Trade Center bezeichnet: World Trade Center (Film) (2006), einen Film von Oliver Stone China World Trade Center, ein Entwicklungsgebiet in Peking World Trade Centers Association Gebäudekomplex und dessen Bestandteile in New York (USA),… … Deutsch Wikipedia
World Trade Center — For other uses, see World Trade Center (disambiguation). World Trade Center … Wikipedia
World Trade Center — Pour la tour en reconstruction, voir 1 World Trade Center. Pour les autres articles homonymes, voir World Trade Center (homonymie). Tours 1 et 2 du World Trade Center … Wikipédia en Français