Goloka is the eternal abode of
Krishna, Svayam bhagavanaccording to some Vaishnavaschools, including Gaudiya Vaishnavismand the Swaminarayan Sampraday. The scritural basis for this is taken in Brahma Samhitaand Bhagavata Purana. While in most of the Bhagavata Purana text, Krishna is presented as the cosmic Vishnu, the supremely powerful deity under whom all other partial divinities work, in the tenth book of the Purana he is especially portrayed as the supreme person who resides in his abode Goloka. cite book
author = SCHWEIG, G.M.
year = 2005
title = Dance of divine love: The Rasa Lila of Krishna from the Bhagavata Purana, India's classic sacred love story
publisher = Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ; Oxford
isbn = 0691114463
pages = p.10] It describes Goloka as a highest planet or realm ("loka") of the
Vaikunthaplanets for the devotees of Krishna who is known as the protector of cows and hence the latter are found in abundance in Goloka. Also sometimes referred to as Vrindavan, it is a land of plenty, rich with natural beauty bearing a resemblance to Garden of Eden. In Goloka Krishnaresides with Radharani, Krishna's eternal consort, and countless other devotees, wherein he performs his divine play, known as lila. It's believed that souls return to the material world again and again to perfect themselves and go on to Krishna's heaven, Goloka Vrndavana. [cite book |author=Giuliano, Geoffrey |title=Revolver: The Explosive Truth About the Beatles |publisher=John Blake Publishing, Limited |location= |year=2006 |pages=p. [http://www.amazon.com/gp/reader/1844541606/ref=sib_dp_pt# 292] |isbn=1-84454-160-6 |oclc= |doi= |accessdate=]
Goloka means "the world of cows". The Sankrit word 'go' can refer to either
cowsor star, and lokais translated as "world" or "planet".
In some temples, such as the
Shri Swaminarayan Mandir Mumbai, the murtis installed are that of Shri Gaulokvihari and Radhikaji. Gaulokvihari is Krishna, (vihari is resident of, hence, resident of Gaulok, Gaulokvihari) and Radhika is Radha, his consort.
References and notes
* The Vaikunta planets
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