John Blund

Infobox Archbishop of Canterbury
Full name = John Blund


began=unknown
birth_name =
consecration = never consecrated
term_end = 1233
predecessor = John of Sittingbourne
successor = Edmund Rich
birth_date = about 1175
death_date = 1248
deathplace=
tomb =

John Blund (or Johannes Blund, Iohannes Blondus, Iohannes Blundus) (c.1175–1248) was an English scholastic philosopher, known for a translation of the "De Anima" by Aristotle. [Iohannes Blund, "Tractatus de Anima" (1970), edited by Daniel Callus and R. W. Hunt.] He taught at OxfordKnowles "The Evolution of Medieval Thought" p. 280] along with Saint Edmund of Abingdon. David Knowles said that he was "noteworthy for his knowledge of Avicenna and his rejection of the hylomorphism of Avicebron and the plurality of forms."Knowles "The Evolution of Medieval Thought" p. 287] Maurice Powicke calls him the "first English Aristotelian." [Powicke "The Thirteenth Century" (2nd edition 1962), p.56.]

He was a royal clerk by 1227 and studied at Oxford and Paris, and was at the University of Paris when it was dispersed in 1229. [http://british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=34335 British History Online Canons of Chichester] accessed on September 11, 2007] He was a canon of Chichester before 1232. He was archbishop of Canterbury during a brief reign, having been elected on 26 August 1232.Fryde "Handbook of British Chronology" p. 233] He was supported by Peter des Roches, but did not receive papal approval and the election was quashed because of pluralism on 1 June 1233. [http://british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=33853 British History Online Archbishops of Canterbury] retrieved on September 11, 2007] Probably it was the support of des Roches that doomed his election to Canterbury, and the pluralism charge was cover for the real reason.Lawrence "Blund, John (c.1175–1248)" "Oxford Dictionary of National Biography" [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/2711 Online Edition, May 2006] accessed 8 November 2007] He was appointed chancellor of the see of York before 3 November 1234, and died in 1248. [http://british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=8065 British History Online Chancellors of York] accessed on September 11, 2007]

Notes

References

* [http://british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=33853 British History Online Archbishops of Canterbury] retrieved on September 11, 2007
* [http://british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=34335 British History Online Canons of Chichester] accessed on September 11, 2007
* [http://british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=8065 British History Online Chancellors of York] accessed on September 11, 2007
*
* Knowles, Dom David "The Evolution of Medieval Thought" London:Longmans 1962
* Lawrence, C. H. "Blund, John (c.1175–1248)" "Oxford Dictionary of National Biography" Oxford University Press, Sept 2004 [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/2711 Online Edition, May 2006] accessed 8 November 2007
* Powicke, F. Maurice "The Thirteenth Century 1216-1307" 1962

Further reading

* Josiah Cox Russell, "Master Henry of Avranches as an International Poet," "Speculum", Vol. 3, No. 1 (Jan., 1928), pp. 34-63.

Persondata
NAME=Blund, John
ALTERNATIVE NAMES=
SHORT DESCRIPTION=Archbishop of Canterbury-elect; Philosopher
DATE OF BIRTH=about 1175
PLACE OF BIRTH=
DATE OF DEATH=1248
PLACE OF DEATH=


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