Pensacola Christian College


Pensacola Christian College
Pensacola Christian College
Pensacola Christian College
Motto Strength Truth Beauty
Established 1974
Type Private/Not accredited
President Arlin Horton
Admin. staff 1,500
Undergraduates 4,712[1]
Location Pensacola, Florida, USA
Mascot Eagle
Website www.pcci.edu

Coordinates: 30°28′15″N 87°13′57″W / 30.4709°N 87.2325°W / 30.4709; -87.2325 Pensacola Christian College (PCC) is an unaccredited fundamentalist, Independent Baptist[2][3] college in Pensacola, Florida, USA, founded in 1974 by Arlin Horton. The college is actively pursuing accreditation, and as of 7 November 2011 had been awarded candidate status with Transnational Association of Christian Schools and Colleges. Until the college attains full membership, it is considered unaccredited. [4]

Contents

History

Dr. Arlin and Beka Horton moved to Pensacola, Florida in 1952 to found a Christian grade school. That school, Pensacola Christian School, opened in 1954.

In 1974, the Hortons opened Pensacola Christian College to further their vision of "Education from a Christian Perspective." Pensacola Theological Seminary, an extension of PCC's graduate school, was founded in 1998.

The school's 4,000+ undergraduate students represent all 50 states and over 60 nations.

The school is an active proponent of traditional, Christian education; their in-house publisher, A Beka Book (named after Horton's wife, Beka), provides a K-12 curriculum that is used by some traditional Christian schools and homeschooling families.[5] It has become one of the largest Christian textbook publishers in America.

In 2005 more than 3,500 delegates attended practical clinics and seminars sponsored by the college. The Principal's Clinic provides administrators and teachers with materials, methods, and principles for starting and building a traditional Christian school. They also hold a Summer Seminar that provides faculty and administrators with an in-depth orientation into their perspective on how a Christian school should be operated.

Academics

Pensacola Christian College's statement of purpose is: Pensacola Christian College was founded with the purpose of training young men and women for a life of service to Jesus Christ.

Undergraduate programs

PCC offers over sixty undergraduate programs of study. These programs fall under the oversight of eight academic divisions including the Division of Bible, the Division of Business, the Division of Education, the Division of Communicative Arts, the Division of Music, the Division of Arts and Sciences, the Division of Basic Sciences and Engineering, and the Division of Nursing.[6]

Graduate programs

Graduate degrees are offered through the Graduate school at PCC and through Pensacola Theological Seminary in the fields of Bible, Education, Music, Communicative Arts, Divinity, Ministry, Nursing, and Business Administration.

Accreditation

Pensacola Christian College is not accredited by any accreditation body recognized by its country. According to the US Department of Education, unaccredited degrees and credits might not be acceptable to employers or other institutions, and use of degree titles may be restricted or illegal in some jurisdictions.[7]

On November 9, 2011, the college informed its students that it was awarded candidacy for accreditation status by Transnational Association of Christian Colleges and Schools (TRACS).[8]

Notwithstanding its lack of formal accreditation, PCC's nursing program is approved by the Florida State Board of Nursing, and graduates are eligible to apply for the National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurse (NCLEX-RN) in all 50 states and U.S. territories.[9]

Past policy on accreditation

The college's lack of accreditation was a result of a long-standing college policy. In numerous publications, including its college catalog, the school explained that it eschewed accreditation. The school indicated that an outside agency that doesn't share its religious and moral distinctives might try to pressure the school to change or eliminate its beliefs.

In 2006, The Chronicle of Higher Education reported:[10]

Pensacola [Christian College] ... has shown no interest in outside approval of any kind. Nor does it advertise its unaccredited status. A search of the Web site turns up no mention of accreditation. It is not mentioned in the college's viewbook either, which dedicates four pages to sports activities and two to campus facilities. It is mentioned, in small print, on the inside flap of the course catalog: "Pensacola Christian College has never made application for regional accreditation as the College believes it would jeopardize the College's philosophical distinctives." The catalog goes on to say that getting other colleges to accept Pensacola's credits "has seldom been an insurmountable problem."

The Chronicle of Higher Education found that many Christian colleges and some secular institutions accept Pensacola's credits.[10] Several former students told the Chronicle that they had had no difficulty transferring credits or applying for jobs. However, some former PCC students interviewed by The Chronicle of Higher Education on their experiences with using their PCC degrees and transferring PCC credits to other institutions reported serious problems:[10]

[Abel Harding] applied to the University of Florida and was told that none of his credits would transfer. "I had to start over," he says. So, after three years at Pensacola, he enrolled as a freshman at nearby Santa Fe Community College
[Amy Brown] graduated from Pensacola in 2003 with a degree in early-childhood education. But because the college is not accredited, she cannot teach in public schools

PCC Education majors are informed their freshman year that the degree which they will earn is geared toward teaching in Christian schools, in particular Christian schools that use the A Beka Books curriculum.[citation needed] Education majors are also informed that because most states require their teachers to be state certified in order to teach, they would not be able to teach in a public school in their home state following graduation simply with a PCC Education degree.[citation needed] It is generally accepted that it is difficult to become state certified if the applicant's undergraduate degree is unaccredited.

In the summer 2007 issue of the PCC Update, a quarterly magazine published by PCC containing PCC announcements and reviews, PCC President Dr. Arlin Horton stated in a column:[11]

"...the success of our graduates demonstrates PCC's excellent quality of education. Their credits have been accepted by over 700 colleges and universities, including over 375 accredited graduate schools, 72 medical schools and 66 law schools. This reputation for excellence is also based on each student's academic achievement as he [or she] seeks to transfer to other institutions or admission to graduate schools. PCC graduates further demonstrate academic excellence by being accepted to and successfully studying at some of he most prestigious accredited Graduate schools in America."

Philosophical position

In accordance with their position on the Bible, the Genesis creation account is the foundation from which all study of origins is taught, specifically PCC teaches young Earth creationism and flood geology. Students are taught that God created the earth in six literal 24 hour days. Chemical, cosmic, stellar and planetary, organic, and macro-evolution are presented as un-observed,evolutionary theory, but micro-evolution (i.e. variations within kinds) is presented as observed science. Archeology is taught from a Biblical timeline and perspective, following the Ussher chronology. Taking a firm stand against Freudian psychological principles, PCC instead teaches psychology and counseling based on teachings from the Bible, with the Bible being the source of help for non-organic psychological problems. The Nursing program, however, includes a six credit course titled "Psychology and Mental Health Nursing".

Articles of faith

PCC's articles of faith[12] reject the teachings of Calvinism, Modernism, Neo-orthodoxy and the modern day charismatic movement. PCC specifically states that "[w]ithout meaning to be unfriendly or unkind, we feel it only fair to say that [PCC] is not a part of the 'tongues movement' and does not allow students to participate in or promote any charismatic activities."

PCC also states that they believe the Textus Receptus is the superior Greek text of the Bible and upon this basis use the King James version of the Bible for all their pulpit ministry and classroom Bible instruction. (see King James only debate below)

Student life

Fine Arts Series

Every year the college invites well known performers unaffiliated with PCC to put on productions and performances in either the Dale Horton Auditorium or the Crowne Centre on the campus of PCC. Prominent artists that have performed at PCC include the late Jerome Hines of the New York Metropolitan Opera, the Atlantic Brass Quintet, Christopher Parkening, the Vienna Boys' Choir, Anthony Kearns of The Irish Tenors, and the Gregg Smith Singers. Every semester the staff and students of PCC also put on plays and operas which in the past have included Shakespearean plays and Gilbert and Sullivan musicals. Student attendance is mandatory.

Concert and Recital Series and plays

PCC senior Communicative Arts students and graduate students are required for part of their course work to perform in either a concert or recital according to their concentration. These concerts and recitals are open to the public, and provide opportunities for PCC students to experience musical and dramatic productions.

In addition to these concerts and recitals the Dramatic Arts department puts on small plays in the experimental theater located in the Communicative Arts building. Due to the grassroots nature of these plays, directed and performed by PCC Speech and Dramatic Arts students, these productions generally sell out for every performance and many students consider them a highlight of the semester.

Collegians

All PCC students are required to participate in on campus societies called Collegians. Every fall semester the PCC Collegians hold Greek Rush which includes a parade of every collegian through campus and provides collegians the opportunity to recruit new members from the incoming freshman class. All collegians are identified by a series of three Greek letters. All men's collegians end with the Greek letter Delta "Δ" and all women's collegians end with the Greek letter Rho "Ρ". Collegians provide opportunities for PCC students to hone leadership skills, to serve in on-campus capacities, provides opportunities for off-campus group excursions and provide a venue for on-campus activities including intramural sports. Collegians meet Wednesday mornings twice monthly.

On campus sporting events

PCC participates in the National Christian College Athletic Association (NCCAA) for intercollegiate sports. The Mens Eagles Basketball games as well as the Lady Eagles basketball games played in the Arena level of the Sports Center provide a great deal of excitement for PCC students during the basketball season. The Lady Eagles Volleyball team also competes at the intercollegiate level.

In addition to intercollegiate athletics, PCC students are also afforded the opportunity to play intramural sports through their Collegians. Collegian sports are known for intense team rivalries and expressions of team spirit. Sports offered through collegians include Soccer, basketball, softball, volleyball, and broom-hockey among others. Every fall Collegian Soccer culminates with the winners of the playoffs facing each other in the annual Turkey Bowl held over the Thanksgiving weekend. In the spring students enjoy softball and basketball which provided athletic opportunities to PCC students.

PCC also hosts a number of invitational high school sporting tournaments and camps.

Free time recreation

The campus of PCC offers opportunities for non-organized individual or group recreation during free time. A highlight of on campus activity is the on campus Sport Center recently renamed in honor of the president; the Arlin R. Horton Sports Center. On the lower level of the Arlin R. Horton Sports Center, students can ice-skate, bowl at PCC's 12-lane bowling alley, play racquetball, play miniature golf, play table tennis, or work out in one of the weight rooms. A new expansion to the Arlin R. Horton Sports Center called the Sports Center Annex was completed and opened in the fall of 2009. This new annex features a full indoor water park equipped with water slides that range in length from 185 ft (56 m) to 250 ft (76 m), a Double Flow Rider surfing wave, a 500 gallon dump bucket and water cannons. In addition the new annex includes a 337 ft (103 m) inline skating track, additional racquetball courts, fitness rooms, a roof top sun deck, "The Hut" a snack bar for participant refreshment, and the largest indoor climbing wall in the nation boasting a 15,000 sq ft (1,400 m2) 60 ft (18 m) tall climbing wall with 3000 artificial hand holds as well as natural cracks and crevices.[13]

Also available on campus is the John Ray Hall Field House in which students can play basketball, swim in the Swim Center, work out in the weight room, and play tennis in the tennis courts. On east field students can utilize outdoor basketball courts, a soccer field, an eight lane running track, softball fields, and additional tennis courts. There is also an indoor running track in the upper level of the Sports Center. In addition, students willing to make the 30-minute drive can enjoy West Campus, where students can sail in catamarans or go kayaking.[14] There are designated times during which men and women may use the facilities at the waterpark, swim center, and West Campus.

On campus work assistance program

PCC students who would otherwise not be able to afford a college education are given the opportunity to work on campus through PCC's Work Assistance program. Unlike in a typical workplace, students are assigned jobs rather than interviewing for them. Through work assistance students can maintain a part-time job on campus in a number of areas including security, print-shop, housekeeping, dining/food service, grounds and facilities. A Beka Book's workforce is composed mostly of PCC students whose wages are transferred to their college accounts. There is an available cash worker program; workers in this program have their earnings direct deposited to their bank account. However, priority for employment is given to those in the work assistance program. Foreign students are not offered/assigned a job in the Work Assistance program.

For students who choose to do so, PCC also offers a specialized work assistance program whereby students can sign a contract to work on campus for a five-year period while taking classes. Upon completion of their contract these students graduate from PCC completely debt free. The work assistance program also provides a means for PCC to keep their costs down because, instead of hiring full-time staff to run the day to day operations of the campus, under the supervision of qualified staff the campus is largely run and maintained by PCC students.

Rules and regulations

PCC is open about its strict policies regarding student conduct. The school sends a booklet to students before they arrive every year, titled "Things To Know Before You Arrive." The basics of the school's policies and philosophies are laid out for students and parents to review before traveling to the school.

The college maintains, "attendance at PCC is a privilege not a right." This phrase is printed in all of PCC's administration and registration publications including course catalogs, student handbooks, and information sent out to prospective students regarding attendance at PCC.

Regulations govern many aspects of the residence hall students' lives, including dress, hairstyles, cleanliness of residence hall rooms, styles of music (PCC only permits its students to listen to classical music, traditional Christian music or Sacred music), borrowing, off-campus employment, and internet access.

PCC also has strict policies regarding mixed-gender interaction. Physical contact between members of the opposite sex is only permitted under very limited circumstances. Written permission of the dean’s office must be procured for all off-campus meetings between members of the opposite sex. In addition, all mixed-gender meetings (on and off-campus), must have a PCC chaperone present.[10] Most stairwells and elevators on campus are segregated by gender. In the absence of being able to have physical contact, a fad has developed among dating students on campus where couples stare deeply into each other’s eyes. This practice by students is variously called "eye kissing", or "optical intercourse" and is jokingly called "making eye babies."[10]

Other violations of PCC policy include the use of language considered profane or foul by the college administration, visiting movie theaters, patronizing unauthorized area businesses, being off campus after hours and being in another residence hall room after hours. Additionally, being in a residence hall belonging to a member of the opposite sex, the use of alcohol, or tobacco products, gambling, possession or use of pornography, engaging in any form of pre-marital sexual activity or any other actions considered by the college to be immoral, and engaging in social activities with members of the opposite sex as a group while off campus can result in immediate dismissal. The administration of PCC also reviews any reports brought to their attention of students behaving in a manner unbecoming of PCC ideals who are at home or away on school breaks while enrolled at the college.[15]

Demerits and discipline

At the beginning of each semester students are required to sign a waiver stating that they understand "attendance at PCC is a privilege not a right" and that they therefore agree to abide by all regulations and guidelines set forth by the college. Students who are found to be in violation of this signed agreement are subject to administrative review by the Discipline Committee (members of the college administration selected to review alleged infractions of college policies), during which demerits are assigned or canceled corresponding to the degree of the infraction or circumstantial conditions surrounding the incident in question. Although nearly all students acquire demerits at one time or another, historically one-third of the PCC students do not accumulate enough demerits (over 15) to be retained on their records. As a result, one-third of PCC student records reflect 0 demerits per semester, and most other PCC students records contain a very minimal number of demerits.[16]

For students who do acquire demerits, PCC has three levels of punishment; students can be "socialed", "shadowed", or expelled.

  • PCC prohibits physical contact of any kind between members of the opposite sex. Students caught violating this prohibition are subject to being socialed. Students who have been socialed are not permitted to speak or interact with members of the opposite sex for a period ranging from one day to four weeks, depending on the severity of the offense. Students who are found with the opposite sex anywhere on campus deemed to be an unchaperoned area after 6 pm can be subject to being socialed as well.
  • Upon suspicion by the Dean's office that a student is in great violation of college policy, that student may be subject to being shadowed. Individuals who are shadowed are assigned to a Floor Leader (a fellow student who is selected by PCC to provide leadership in the residence hall and to enforce college regulations) and must remain with the Floor Leader at all times. This includes being required to attend the Floor Leader's classes and moving to the Floor Leader's room.[10] While being shadowed the student is prohibited from speaking with any student other than the Floor Leader. The purpose of shadowing is to provide the administration time to review the case against the student and to assess the seriousness of their infraction. Infractions that result in being shadowed are usually deemed to be severe enough to result in expulsion from PCC, but not all students who are shadowed are subsequently expelled from PCC.[citation needed]
  • The final form of punishment is expulsion or forced withdrawal from the college. Expulsion is often used in conjunction with shadowing, to provide a time frame for arrangements to be made for the student to leave campus and return home. In certain circumstances, students have been required to leave campus within the 24-hour period after expulsion without arrangements being made; however, this is only in extreme cases. Students who have been expelled or who withdraw from PCC on poor terms are often denied requests to return to the campus for a cooling off period determined by the Administration. If such a student returns to the campus without permission, they will be escorted off PCC property.

Concerns regarding discipline at PCC

Many individuals have shown concern over disciplinary measures taken by PCC, especially shadowing. "There is an implied 'presumption of guilt." Any student is vulnerable to having his life severely interrupted, possibly suffering exceptional emotional and spiritual distress as he is isolated, pressured, and scared, being made to feel guilty even when there is no reason."[17]

Furthermore, any one student is able to write up another student, but this does not necessarily mean that they are giving them demerits. The Student Voice, a website designed to discuss such concerns about PCC, says, "It is also inherently unfair to sanction a student for something when the individual doing the sanctioning is unknown. What check is there against prejudicial charges? If anyone believes that prejudice is not present at PCC, they are very naive. [...] The process arbitrarily takes one person's word over another's. Why is this the case? Why is it that if you accuse another student of something, you automatically receive the benefit of the doubt over the accused simply because you have made an accusation? [...] There are a multitude of reasons why one person's word may not be accurate: prejudice, incorrect perception of surrounding circumstances, incorrect information, etc."[18] However, when a student who is not in a position of authority (such as a student manager, campus security, or floor leader) writes another student up, the infraction rarely results in disciplinary action. Usually the severity of the alleged violation dictates whether or not the matter is investigated further by the Deans Office. In addition, falsely accusing a fellow student of anything constitutes one of the highest violations of the campus rules.

Despite these criticism PCC still holds to their position that "Attendance at PCC is a privilege and not a right." When students sign off that they agree to this and sign that they will abide by the rules and regulations of the college at the beginning of each semester they are also agreeing to be subject to these governing regulation of the institution.

Notable alumni

Controversies involving PCC

King-James-only debate

Pensacola Christian College considers the Greek Textus Receptus, from which the King James New Testament is translated, to be superior to other available New Testament texts, and therefore supports the exclusive use of translations based on this text.

In 1996, Dell Johnson, who would later become the dean of Pensacola Theological Seminary, gave two chapel messages advocating the exclusive use of the King James Bible and the Received Greek text. In 1997, the school released a video featuring Johnson, Michael Bates, and the late Theodore P. Letis entitled "The Text Is The Issue." The following year, Letis and Johnson presented a history of textual criticism in American Bible seminaries, blaming Benjamin B. Warfield and his followers including A.T. Robertson in the Southern Baptist Convention, Lewis Sperry Chafer at Dallas Theological Seminary, and Charles Brokenshire at Bob Jones University for what they considered undesirable changes.

At the end of the video, Johnson denounced certain King James Only advocates such as Jack Hyles, Peter Ruckman, and William Grady, who espouse "advanced revelation" or "re-inspiration" views of the King James Version of the Bible. Dell Johnson has since left Pensacola Christian and its affiliates.

Politics, taxation and religion

The school has an active Anti-"Tax Rebel" stand and will report anyone who they feel is breaking the tax laws of the United States. They will also prevent any student from associating with anyone whom they feel has an anti-taxation stance.[citation needed]

Senior vice president Rebekah Horton feels that it is her duty to report anyone she feels is breaking tax law. In the mid 1990s, after she learned of Kent Hovind's anti-tax stand said "'We know the Scriptures do not promote (tax evasion),'" during testimony against Hovind during his 2006 trial, "'It's against Scripture teaching'.... Horton believed it was the college's duty to report the misleading doctrine. 'I didn't want to see innocent people get led astray,' she said. Pensacola Christian College no longer permits its students to work at Creation Science Evangelism".[21]

The Student Voice

In 1996 one particular PCC alumnus started an electronic newsletter entitled The Student Voice. This newsletter voiced opposition to various rules and policies of the college. During this time The Student Voice also bought out advertising space on a large billboard adjacent to the campus of PCC to advertise its website. Dr. Arlin Horton and the administration of PCC responded to the newsletter's first issue with a speech in the campus chapel, calling the newsletter "an attack from Satan",[citation needed] reminding students that when they registered for enrollment at PCC they agreed to follow all rules and regulations of the college, that they were not forced to attend the school, and that anyone involved with the newsletter would be subject to expulsion. The following semester PCC banned all devices which would allow an individual to connect a personal computer to the Internet.The Student Voice released new issues regularly for two years and continued to release their newsletter irregularly through their website until 2003. According to former students, The Student Voice was not the sole reason for loss of Internet access at PCC. These former students have stated that the same year a ring of students were intercepted while involved in surfing Internet pornography.[citation needed] Internet access on the campus of PCC was severely limited until the summer of 2004 when a new filtered wireless Internet service run by the college became available to all students on campus.

Other ministries of PCC

The Campus Church

Pensacola Christian College, hosts a "local church" in the main auditorium on campus, The Crowne Centre, called the Campus Church. Most PCC students are required to attend the Campus Church, which PCC feels is an integral part of each student's spiritual growth.

On December 10, 2006, Dr. Arlin Horton announced that Dr. Neal Jackson would be the pastor of the Campus Church.[22] Dr. Jackson received his Bachelor of Arts degree and Master of Arts degree from PCC. He also has a Doctor of Ministry Degree from Luther Rice Seminary.[23] The position of Pastor of the Campus Church had previously been held by Jim Schettler who resigned that position in May, 2006.

On August 20, 2009, Dr. Neal Jackson resigned his position as Pastor of the Campus Church.

On Sunday evening, August 14, 2011 Dr. Arlin Horton announced to the Campus Church:

“For two years, we’ve sought the Lord as to God’s choice of a pastor for the Campus Church. Several pastors came to preach and to see if they would fit that position. In late spring, I heard that Mr. McBride might be available. In talking with him, I learned he had been ordained into the Gospel ministry at a Baptist church in Virginia and had served as youth pastor for seven years before coming to teach in this ministry 25 years ago. “Last fall, he told his wife that he believed the Lord was calling him into the pastorate. He has been a favorite Sunday school teacher and has an excellent speaking ability, plus a genuine love for people and a heart for students. He was recently given the opportunity to assume the responsibility of pastoring the Campus Church, and God has now confirmed to him that it is God's direct will for him to accept. “Therefore, I am pleased to introduce Denis McBride as the new pastor of the Campus Church!”[1]</ref>

Dr. Joel Mullenix, will serve as Pastor of the Rejoice television and radio ministry.[2]</ref>

Since the inception of PCC and of the Campus Church, critics have pointed out that college's Campus Church may not be a true local church. One example of how the Campus Church operates differently is the recent selection of its current pastors. Traditionally, local churches of the Independent Baptist persuasion (as the Campus Church claims to be[24]) form a pulpit committee which presents pastoral candidates to the congregation for a yes or no vote. Upon a majority yes vote of the congregation a call is extended to the candidate to become the church's pastor. In the case of Dr. Neal Jackson and Dr. Lloyd Streeter becoming the Campus Church co-pastor in January 2007, Arlin Horton personally selected them without either a pulpit committee or congregational vote.[25] PCC however holds that as an independent church they have the right to operate the Campus Church according to their interpretation of what is scriptural.

Rejoice in the Lord

The Campus Church of Pensacola Christian College records its Sunday services for weekly television broadcast of Rejoice in the Lord. The programming of Rejoice in the Lord consists of musical numbers performed by the Rejoice Choir, various PCC musical ensemble groups, congregational singing recorded in the Campus Church and preaching by Dr.Joel Mullenix.(Rejoice Tv Pastor).

WPCS

Pensacola Christian College owns radio station WPCS 89.5 FM, known on-air as Rejoice Radio. WPCS is the main station of the Rejoice Broadcasting Network (sometimes referred to as "RBN"). The content heard on Rejoice Radio consists primarily of inspirational music and syndicated Christian radio programming.

A Beka Book

A Beka Book is a publisher affiliated with Pensacola Christian College that produces K-12 curriculum materials that are used by Conservative Christian schools and homeschooling families around the world. It is named after Rebekah Horton, wife of college president Arlin Horton. A Beka Book and Bob Jones University Press are considered the two major publishers of Christian-based educational materials in America.[citation needed] A Beka Book is the largest Christian textbook publisher in the world.[26]

A Beka Book has been criticized by the University of California and National Center for Science Education for publishing information contrary to accepted historical consensus, scientific consensus, especially regarding the theory of evolution. A Beka Book takes a firm Biblical literalist and young earth creationist positions in its science curriculum, portraying the Genesis creation narrative as a fact, which go against scientific consensus. In particular, A Beka Book was criticized for selling works that are contradictory to the scientific consensus regarding the origins of the universe, origins of life, and evolution. In Association of Christian Schools International et al. v. Roman Stearns et al., a judge upheld the University of California's rejection of A Beka publications for preparatory use because the books are "inconsistent with the viewpoints and knowledge generally accepted in the scientific community."[27][28]

For a short period A Beka Book held tax exempt status because its profits were channeled into PCC as a tax exempt religious organization or educational institution. In January 1995 the U.S. Internal Revenue Service ruled that the college's publishing arm was liable for taxes as a profit-making entity. The IRS further ruled that since the profits of the publishing arm benefited the organization as a whole due to the fact that both A Beka Book and PCC were run under the same organization and that all of the profits of A Beka Book went directly to PCC constituting 60% of the college's income.[29] The effect of this ruling rendered the publishing company ineligible for future tax exempt status. Although PCC was ultimately cleared of any liability for back taxes, PCC paid the estimated at $44.5 million, and A Beka Book paid another $3.5 million dollars.

See also

References

  1. ^ Pensacola Christian College Update - Spring 2006
  2. ^ Soulforce Information on PCC
  3. ^ PCC's Articles of Faith
  4. ^ http://www.pcci.edu/newsevents/2011/tracsannouncement2.html
  5. ^ Our Foundation. (2008). A Beka Book, para. 2. Retrieved from http://www.abeka.com/OurFoundation.html
  6. ^ PCC :: Majors Index
  7. ^ "Educational accreditation". US Department of Education. http://www.ed.gov/students/prep/college/diplomamills/accreditation.html. 
  8. ^ Announcement from PCC’s President, PCC website, Accessed November 12, 2011.
  9. ^ Nursing Major. (2008). PCC, para. 6. Retrieved from http://www.pcci.edu/Academics/Majors/Nursing/Default.html
  10. ^ a b c d e f Bartlett, Thomas (2006). "A College That's Strictly Different," The Chronicle of Higher Education.
  11. ^ Summer 2007 issue, PCC Update
  12. ^ PCC :: Articles of Faith Pensacola Christian College
  13. ^ Sports Center Annex. (2008). PCC. Retrieved from http://www.pcci.edu/StudentLife/Facilities/SportsCenterAnnex.html
  14. ^ "PCC: West Campus". Pensacola Christian College. http://www.pcci.edu/StudentLife/Facilities/WestCampus.html. Retrieved 2007-08-08. 
  15. ^ Student Voice Rule List
  16. ^ Taken from an Alumni Association letter dated Tuesday, April 24, 2007, sent out by PCC President Dr. Arlin Horton
  17. ^ The Student Voice, http://www.pensacolachristiancollege.com/rules.htm
  18. ^ A Call On The Administration To Revise The Discipline Committee Procedures, http://www.pensacolachristiancollege.com/archive/sv12.txt
  19. ^ Project Vote Smart - Representative Cathy McMorris-Rodgers - Biography
  20. ^ Kate Klonick. "Who Is Esther Slater McDonald?", TPM Muckraker, June 25, 2008. Retrieved on June 28, 2008.
  21. ^ Fail, Angela (October 20, 2006). "Christian College leader says taxes are part of religion: Hovind argues God's workers are exempt". Pensacola News Journal. http://www.pensacolanewsjournal.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20061020/NEWS01/610200327/1006. Retrieved 2006-10-20. 
  22. ^ Campus Church welcomes new Pastors
  23. ^ Dr. Jackson previously served alongside his father as co-pastor of Belmont Baptist Church in Conyers, Georgia.Bio of Pastor Jackson
  24. ^ See http://www.pcci.edu/CampusChurch/Default.html
  25. ^ Sharper Iron Forums - View Single Post - UPDATE: Neal Jackson Pastor, Lloyd Streeter Co-Pastor of Campus Church
  26. ^ Books and Supplies. (2008). Enon Baptist Church, para. 1. Retrieved from http://www.enonbc.com/Home_School_Resources.htm
  27. ^ "Creationist lawsuit against UC system to proceed". National Center for Science Education. August 10, 2006. http://ncse.com/news/2006/08/creationist-lawsuit-against-uc-system-to-proceed-00791. Retrieved 2009-11-18. 
  28. ^ "Judge throws out religious discrimination suit". North County Times. August 8, 2008. http://www.nctimes.com/articles/2008/08/08/news/californian/murrieta/za3f1fe48ff6b8872882574a0000ff96d.txt. Retrieved 2008-08-24. 
  29. ^ "College Pays Millions in Taxes". Christianity Today. October 28, 1996. http://www.ctlibrary.com/821. Retrieved 2006-10-20. 

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