3 Stefan Marinov


Stefan Marinov

Infobox_Scientist
name = Stefan Marinov


|250px
image_width = 250px
caption =
birth_date = birth date|1931|2|1|mf=y
birth_place = Sofia, Bulgaria
death_date = death date and age|1997|7|15|1931|2|1|mf=y
death_place = Graz, Austria
residence =




nationality = n
field = Physicist
work_institution = Sofia University
alma_mater =
doctoral_advisor =
doctoral_students =
known_for = Experimental physics, Theoretical physics, Fringe science
prizes =
religion =
footnotes =
Son Marin Marinov was the vice-Minister of Industry in Bulgaria

Stefan Marinov ( _bg. Стефан Маринов) (1931–1997) was a Bulgarian physicist, researcher, writer and lecturer who promoted anti-relativistic theoretical viewpoints, and later in his life defended the ideas of perpetual motion and free energy. He committed suicide in Graz, Austria on July 15, 1997.

Life and education

Marinov was born on 1 February 1931 in Sofia in a family of intellectual communists.cite journal
author = Marinov S
title = [http://www.ptep-online.com/index_files/books.html Eppur Si Muove: Axiomatics, fundamentals and experimental verification of the absolute space-time theory]
journal = East-West Publishers, Graz, Austria
pages =
year = 1987
]

In 1948 he finished Soviet College in Prague, then studied physics at the University of Prague and Sofia University. He was an Assistant Professor of Physics from 1960 to 1974 at Sofia University. In 1966-67, 1974, and 1977 he was subject to compulsory psychiatric treatment in Sofia because of his political dissent. In September 1977 Marinov received a passport and he successfully emigrated out of the country, moving to Brussels. In 1978, Marinov moved to Washington, D.C.. Later he lived in Italy and Austria. In his later years, Marinov earned a living as a groom for horses.

Work

Marinov was known for his sly sense of humor and fiery personality. One of his interests was the quest for "free energy" sources via construction of toy theories (new axiomatic systems that putatively describe our physical reality) and their experimental testing against the mainstream physical theories. In 1992 Marinov wrote a letter to German Federal Chancellor Helmut Kohl in support of a German company, Becocraft, that was doing research into "free energy" technologies and had recently been the target of lawsuits. In the letter, Marinov threatened to set himself on fire at the steps of the German parliament if Kohl was not willing to intervene in favour of Marinov's associates.cite journal
author = Marinov S
title = [http://www.beyond-the-illusion.com/files/Technology/General/marinov.txt Regarding Becocraft - Letter to Mr. Richard von Weizsacker, President of the German Federal Republic]
journal = Deutsche Physik, No. 7, East-West Publishers, Morellenfeldgasse 16, A-8010 Graz, Austria
volume =
pages =
year = 1992
]

On July 15, 1997, Marinov fell to his death from a staircase at a library at the University of Graz. He was 66 years old and was survived by his son Marin Marinov, who at the time was a vice-Minister of Industry of Bulgaria.

Research

Stefan Marinov started his "coupled mirrors" and "coupled shutters" experiments as a new experimental testing for Einstein's General Theory of Relativity: a target was the checking for isotropy of the observable velocity of light. Marinov's experimental setup exceeded to a proposal experiment of Albert Michelson described in his famous paper written in co-authority with Edward Morley (1887), but unrealized by them.

Once first Marinov experiment of 1974 registered anisotropy of the velocity of light,cite journal
author = Marinov S
title = [http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01591047 The velocity of light is direction dependent]
journal = Czechoslovak Journal of Physics B
volume = 24
issue = 9
pages = 965–970
year = 1974
doi = 10.1007/BF01591047
] in 1975, this fact was planned by him to be used as one of the experimental grounds to updating the relativistic mechanics and electrodynamics (each theory has update with the new experimental facts arrive). Such an update, with use of the group transformation method, was partially realized by him in his book "Eppur si Muove".

Despite the serious attention by professional experimentalistsFact|date=April 2007 and the publications in many peer-reviewed journals,cite journal
author = Marinov S
title = [http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0375-9601(72)90392-1 How to measure the earth's velocity with respect to absolute space]
journal = Physics Letters A
volume = 41
issue = 5
pages = 433–434
year = 1972
doi = 10.1016/0375-9601(72)90392-1
] cite journal
author = Marinov S
title = [http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0375-9601(70)90265-3 Experimentum crucis for the proof of the space-time absoluteness]
journal = Physics Letters A
volume = 32
issue = 3
pages = 183–184
year = 1970
] cite journal
author = Marinov S
title = [http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0375-9601(72)90205-8 Concerning the experimentum crucis for the proof of the space-time absoluteness]
journal = Physics Letters A
volume = 40
issue = 1
pages = 73–74
year = 1972
] cite journal
author = Marinov S
title = [http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0375-9601(73)90941-9 Kantor's second-order Doppler-effect experiment treated by the absolute space-time theory]
journal = Physics Letters A
volume = 44
issue = 1
pages = 21–22
year = 1973
doi = 10.1016/0375-9601(73)90941-9
] cite journal
author = Marinov S
title = [http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01807696 Velocity of light in a moving medium according to the absolute space-time theory]
journal = International Journal of Theoretical Physics
volume = 9
issue = 2
pages = 139–144
year = 1974
doi = 10.1007/BF01807696
] cite journal
author = Marinov S
title = [http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0375-9601(75)90589-7 A reliable experiment for the proof of the space-time absoluteness]
journal = Physics Letters A
volume = 54
issue = 1
pages = 19–20
year = 1975
doi = 10.1016/0375-9601(75)90589-7
] cite journal
author = Marinov S
title =
journal = New Scientist
volume = 71
issue =
pages = 662
year = 1976
] cite journal
author = Marinov S
journal = Foundations of Physics
title = [http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00715109 Gravitational (dynamic) time dilation according to absolute space-time theory]
volume = 6
issue = 5
pages = 571–581
year = 1976
doi = 10.1007/BF00715109
] cite journal
author = Marinov S
title = [http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0375-9601(77)90419-4 A pure experiment to establish that the velocity of light does not depend on the velocity of the source]
journal = Physics Letters A
volume = 62
issue = 5
pages = 293–294
year = 1977
doi = 10.1016/0375-9601(77)90419-4
] cite journal
author = Marinov S
title = [http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00708494 Rotating disk experiments]
journal = Foundations of Physics
volume = 8
issue = 1-2
pages = 137–156
year = 1978
] cite journal
author = Marinov S
title = [http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00717587 The light Doppler effect treated by absolute spacetime theory]
journal = Foundations of Physics
volume = 8
issue = 7-8
pages = 637–652
year = 1978
doi = 10.1007/BF00717587
] cite journal
author = Marinov S
title = [http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00708535 The coordinate transformations of the absolute space-time theory]
journal = Foundations of Physics
volume = 9
issue = 5-6
pages = 445–460
year = 1979
doi = 10.1007/BF00708535
] cite journal
author = Marinov S
title = [http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00756168 Measurement of the laboratory's absolute velocity]
journal = General Relativity and Gravitation
volume = 12
issue = 1
pages = 57–66
year = 1980
doi = 10.1007/BF00756168
] cite journal
author = Marinov S
title = Measurement of the one-way speed of light and the Earth's absolute velocity
journal = Proceeding of 2nd Marcel Grossmann Meeting, Trieste, Italy
volume =
issue =
pages = 547–550
year = 1982
] cite journal
author = Marinov S
title = [http://www.ptep-online.com/index_files/issues.html New Measurement of the Earth's Absolute Velocity with the Help of the Coupled Shutters Experiment]
journal = Progress in Physics
volume = 1
issue =
pages = 31–37
year = 2007
] Marinov's discovery was blocked by a public community. They, arguing to the very common bias that the impossibility of anisotropy of the velocity of light and exceptional reference frame in General Relativity, claimed Marinov's research "contradicting" to the Einstein basis. This suppression resulted to Marinov the closing of his experimental work (that required some equipment and laboratory), and his tragic death in July 15, 1997.

That main ground for the non-professionally critics to Marinov was a popular misconception claiming the impossibility of an exceptional reference frame in General Relativity. However, it was already shown in 1944, by Abraham Zelmanov, a prominent scientist in General Relativity and cosmology, the space of General Relativity permits absolute reference frames connected to not a relative linear motion, but the anisotropy of the fields of the space rotation or deformation, i.e. connected to globally polarized (dipole-fit) fields which are like a global background gyro (a field being rotates in common with a space is getting anisotropy). Now scientists connect the preferred reference frame connected to the dipole (weak) component of the Cosmic Microwave Background, discovered in 1977 by George Smoot. As Marinov showed in the 1980s his measured anisotropy of the velocity of light coincides to the value and direction of the dipole-fit velocity extracted, by Smoot, from the anisotropy of the dipole (weak) component of the cosmic microwave background radiation. So, both the anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background, discovered by Smoot, and the anisotropy of the velocity of light, first observed by Marinov, can be viewed as an additional verification of General Relativity and Marinov's findings.

Aside for fundamental physics, Stefan Marinov was interested in the science expertise of bizarre experiments, violating physics laws. So he claimed to have seen in operation and learned the secret of the so-called "Swiss ML converter" or Testatika electrical generator, another alleged perpetual motion machine, at a religious commune in Switzerland called Methernitha.Fact|date=April 2007 According to Marinov's account, this 500-member commune, led by religious leader Paul Baumann, met all its energy needs using this device.Fact|date=April 2007

Marinov has been editor of a 5 volume encyclopaedic series called "Classical Physics".cite journal
author = Marinov S
title = Classical Physics: Part I,
journal = East-West Publishers, Graz, Austria
volume =
pages =
year = 1981
] cite journal
author = Marinov S
title = Classical Physics: Part II,
journal = East-West Publishers, Graz, Austria
volume =
pages =
year = 1981
] cite journal
author = Marinov S
title = Classical Physics: Part III, High-Velocity Mechanics
journal = East-West Publishers, Graz, Austria
volume =
pages =
year = 1981
] cite journal
author = Marinov S
title = Classical Physics: Part IV,
journal = East-West Publishers, Graz, Austria
volume =
pages =
year = 1981
] cite journal
author = Marinov S
title = Classical Physics: Part V, Electromagnetism
journal = East-West Publishers, Graz, Austria
volume =
pages =
year = 1981
] In 1993 Marinov also authored a book on electromagnetismcite journal
author = Marinov S
title = Divine Electromagnetism
journal = East West Publishers, Graz
volume =
pages =
year = 1993
] which discoursed on his belief that mainstream scientific thought was mired in dogma, and had discarded still-valid knowledge from scientific thought of previous eras. Nevertheless in 1997 in the last issue 21 of "Deutsche Physik" Marinov self-published experimental results that disprove that the "Siberian Coliu", constructed by Marinov himself, is a perpetual motion machine, and where Marinov concluded that Ampere's law in electromagnetism is correct.cite journal
author = Marinov S
title = SIBERIAN COLIU machine with eccentric circular current rotor
journal = [http://bourabai.narod.ru/marinov/deutsche.htm Deutsche Physik]
volume = 6
issue = 21
pages = 5–36
year = 1997
] cite journal
author = Marinov S
title = Editor's comments on "A history of the theories of aether and electricity by E. Whittaker"
journal = [http://bourabai.narod.ru/marinov/deutsche.htm Deutsche Physik]
volume = 6
issue = 21
pages = 56
year = 1997
] Most of Marinov's friends think these negative results on constructing a source of free energy (in order to solve the global energetic needs of humanity) might have pushed Marinov to commit a suicide.cite journal
author = Schneeberger E, Bass R
title = [http://www.padrak.com/ine/NEN_5_5_2.html Stefan Marinov: In Memoriam: My Scientific Testament; A Strong Voice Is Missing (Last Will and Testament); Letter from Erwin Schneeberger; Letter from Dr. Robert W. Bass]
journal = New Energy News
volume = 5
issue = 5
pages = 1–3
year = 1997
] cite journal
author = Pappas P
title = [http://www.padrak.com/ine/PAPPAS_SM.html Update on Stefan Marinov's Death (E-mails by Panos Pappas)]
journal =
volume =
pages =
year = 1997
]

Marinov himself published a journal, "Deutsche Physik," where Marinov was Editor-In-Chief, and which discussed mainly Marinov's ideas on physics.

References

Sources

* [http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/MAGVID/ Stefan Marinov invention - MAGVID: Magnetic Vortex Hyper-Ionization Device, Yahoo group]
* [http://www.padrak.com/ine/NEN_5_5_2.html Notes written by colleagues after Marinov's death]
* [http://www.electricstuff.co.uk/bbmotor.html Archived copy of Marinov's "Ballrace Motor" article, and an interview with him]
* [http://web.archive.org/web/20010801181518/utenti.tripod.it/testatikmachine/marinov.txt archive.org copy of Marinov's text which allegedly appeared as an advertisement in the 28 March 1996 issue of "Nature"]
* [http://itis.volta.alessandria.it/episteme/ep6/ep6-marin.htm Web site documenting the Nature advertising saga]
* [http://www.mahag.com/srt/marin.php Paper describing the ballrace experiment (in German)]
* [http://www.monstein.de/paraphysics/Marinovmotor/Marinovmotor.htm Another paper, this one by a third party, analysing the ballrace experiment (also in German)]

Persondata
NAME= Marinov, Stefan
ALTERNATIVE NAMES=
SHORT DESCRIPTION=Bulgarian physics researcher
DATE OF BIRTH=1931
PLACE OF BIRTH=Sofia, Bulgaria
DATE OF DEATH=July 15, 1997
PLACE OF DEATH=Graz, Austria


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