- Tamiami Trail
alternate_name=U.S. Route 41
next_route=91The Tamiami Trail (pronounced "tammy-amee" so it rhymes) is the southernmost 275 miles (443 km) of U.S. Highway 41 from State Road 60 in Tampa to U.S. Route 1 (SR 5) in
The 165 mile (266 km) north-south section (hidden SR 45) extends to Naples, whereupon it becomes an east-west road (hidden SR 90) crossing the Everglades (and forming part of the northern border of
Everglades National Park) before becoming Southwest Eighth Street in Miami-Dade County (“Calle Ocho” in the Little Havanasection of Miami).
Construction and early designations
Construction on the north-south section was begun in 1915. The east-west portion was originally called the Miami-Marco Road. The following year, Miami’s Capt. James J. Jaudon first proposed a road connecting Florida’s Gulf and Atlantic coasts with an eye on developing his properties in the Everglades. The notion was seconded by Tampa’s E.P. Dickey, who also suggested a name, the Tamyami Trail, [ [http://www.sptimes.com/2003/webspecials03/trail/intro.shtml The Tamiami Trail ] ] although D.C. Gillett of Tampa claimed to have originally suggested the name. [http://fulltext10.fcla.edu/DLData/RT/rtep00070001/file1.pdf] Tamiami is said to be a contraction of, Tampa to Miami. While support in Tampa for the proposed road was lacking, Miami "Herald" columnist William Stewart Hill would keep the idea alive whenever he felt that support was waning on the southeastern coast.
At the time, Lee County was a much larger county (Collier County was created out of Lee County in 1923, along with Hendry County). In 1919, due to financial reasons, Lee County was not able to complete their portion of the Tamiami Trail. Captain Jaudon had already purchased 207,360 acres (839 km²) of land, mostly in Monroe County. His company, the Chevelier Corporation, came to the rescue and offered to build a link of the highway through its holdings in Monroe County if Dade and Lee counties would agree to change the original route and re-route the Tamiami Trail through Monroe County. The proposal was accepted, the Chevelier Corporation began laying out a new route for the road, and in 1921 began construction on the new segment of the Tamiami Trail. This segment is today known as Loop Road (located in
Big Cypress National Preserve).
In 1922, the State of Florida ran out of construction funds for the east-west portion. The following year,
Barron Collier, an advertising mogul who recently diversified his holdings by investing in various types of businesses and millions of acres of southwest Florida wilderness, pledged that he would bankroll the completion of the Tamiami Trail; in return, the State legislature would establish a new county and name it after him. [ [http://www.colliermuseum.com/history/barron.htm Welcome to Collier County Museums ] ] [ [http://fulltext10.fcla.edu/cgi/t/text/pageviewer-idx?c=rte;cc=rte;sid=a68ae59789ca178cf605f32ca68d8e9c;rgn=full%20text;idno=RTMD00420053;view=jpg;node=RTMD00420053%3A12;seq=48 Reclaiming the Everglades ] ]
So in 1923, Collier County was created out of the southern portion of Lee County. Almost immediately contention arose over the change of the route. The sponsors of the new county advocated for the original route which was completely inside the boundaries of Collier County. The State Road Department agreed with Collier County. Even so, the Board of County Commissioners of Dade County gave their support to the Chevelier segment since so much money had already been invested. In fact, only a few miles of road were left to be completed.
Despite this protest, the State Road Department reinstated the original route of the Tamiami Trail to be completed. The already completed portion of roadway in Monroe County was accepted as a "South Loop" of the Tamiami Trail.
As construction of the north-south section resumed, Collier hired A. R. Richardson to be the head engineer of the Naples-to-Miami section (a few months later, A. W. Frederick replaced Richardson, who returned to the Everglades Drainage District), and construction started on the east-west stretch in 1923. An east-west canal was created using explosives; the fill dirt was used to construct the roadway. [ [http://www.us-highways.com/flus041.htm#US%2094 US 41 in Florida ] ]
In 1926, both the north-south section and the east-west stretch were designated U.S. Highways. Although the Trail was intended to be one road, the two sections received two different numbers: as each section was completed, the north-south portion would receive US 41 signs, and the east-west stretch would be designated US 94 upon completion (to comply with the route numbering guidelines of AASHTO).cite web|url=http://www.us-highways.com/usbt.htm|title=U.S. Numbered Highways - The Big Table|author=Robert V. Droz|accessdate=2007-09-28] In addition, both sections south of Fort Myers would receive the State Road 27 designation.
While a 1927 Rand McNally map indicated the southern terminus to be Fort Myers, US 41 signs were already up on the completed segment (south to Naples) in late 1926; US 94 signs made their appearances when the final section was completed in April 1928. [http://web.archive.org/web/20041108120658/www.southfloridaroads.com/94.html] The Tamiami Trail took 13 years, cost $8 million US, and used 2.6 million sticks of
dynamitein its construction. The Tamiami Trail officially opened on April 25, 1928.
Upon the completion of the Tamiami Trail, U.S. Highway 94 extended from the intersection of Ninth Street South and Fifth Avenue South in Naples (the southern terminus of US 41) to the intersection of Southwest Eighth Street and Brickell Avenue (US 1) in Miami. At the time it was considered a major achievement of engineering that was the only route from Naples (and, by extension, from Tampa) to the southeastern coast of Florida.
In 1945, a restructuring of Florida’s State Road system resulted in the removal of the SR 27 signs from US 94 and the assignment of the hidden
Florida Department of Transportationdesignation State Road 90, which continues to be applied to the east-west stretch of highway to this day.
U.S. 41 and the Tamiami Trail after US 94
In 1950s, the newly-configured US 41 was extended eastward and northward, first to downtown Miami along US 1 in 1950, then to Miami Beach along US 1 and SR A1A in 1953. In 1965, US 41 was rerouted as a bypass along unsigned SR 45A around Venice Gardens, while Business US 41 signs grace the three-mile-long former alignment (which is still named Tamiami Trail).
This configuration of US 41 south of Tampa remained intact until the U.S. Highway was truncated to US 1 and Southwest Eighth Street in Miami in 2001 – ironically, the historic eastern terminus of US 94, former SR 27, and current SR 90 (westbound US 41 and SR 90) now begin one block to the north, on Southwest Seventh Street, as the easternmost convert|2.7|mi|km of the U.S. Highway now lie along a
While US 41 and SR 90 have not significantly changed since the 1960s (aside from the widening to the east of SR 997 in Miami-Dade County in the 1970s and in 2002-2005), its importance to motorists of southeastern
Floridahas changed since the opening of Alligator Alleyto the north in 1968. Since then, traffic on the Tamiami Trail across the Everglades has lessened significantly, while urban sections of the road are now often congested.
In 1968, the Dade County Port Authority began construction on what was to become the world's largest airport. The Miami Jetport was located convert|36|mi|km west of Miami, just across the
Collier Countyline. It was to be a six runway supersonicairport. The project would also transform the Tamiami Trail into a multi-lane expressway. Conservationists were worried about the impact an airport that size would have on the environment of the Everglades and Big Cypress. After several court hearings, a ban was placed upon further development. The widening of Tamiami Trail as a part of the Jetport had been stopped. One runway had already been completed; so the runway was allowed to be used as a flight training center. The runway remains today as a part of the Dade-Collier Training and Transition Airport.
Also in 1968, construction of an extension of Interstate 75 south from Tampa to Miami was started, with an eye toward routing the
expresswayalong an upgraded Tamiami Trail from Naples to a soon-to-be completed SR 836 whereupon it would continue on the east-west highway to its intended terminus at an interchange with Interstate 95. Plans for the I-75 extension changed for two reasons:
*Alligator Alley needed upgrading as the then-narrow
toll roadwas dangerous to both motorists and wildlife (most notably the Florida panther) alike; and
*State Road 836, with its left exits and narrow lanes, was not being built to
Interstate Highway standards.
As a result, construction for a rerouted I-75 in southern Florida began in 1974, now with I-75 using Alligator Alley instead of US 41 to cross the peninsula, and the configured Interstate highway would not be completed for another 19 years.
Since then, the Tamiami Trail has been designated a
National Scenic Bywayby the United States Department of Transportationfor its unique scenery in the Everglades and the Big Cypress National Preserve.
Plans for the Tamiami Trail
While in 1928, the Tamiami Trail was considered a feat of engineering, no one considered the potential damage to the Everglades by the roadway and the Tamiami Canal. Both have acted as a dam to block water flow from
Lake Okeechobeeto Florida Bayat the southern tip of the peninsula. As a result, the Everglades – the “River of Grass” - has had its water flow greatly diminished over the years, having a devastating effect on the ecology of the region. In the 1990s, a few canals were filled and additional culverts were constructed under US 41 to help regulate water flow.
Yet, according to the
United States Army Corps of Engineers, this was only a partial solution to the problems of the Everglades and the Tamiami Trail. [ [http://www.saj.usace.army.mil/pd/envdocs/Miami-Dade/Tamiami_Trail/ Tamiami Trail ] ] In 2003, after considering a variety of plans involving the rebuilding of US 41/SR 90, the Corps recommended that a 3000-foot-long causewaybe built near the Northeast Shark Slough northeast of Everglades National Park, all road fill removed that would otherwise be adjacent to the bridge, the 57 culverts that are already in place maintained, and the appropriate water flow rate maintained under the non-causeway portions of the Tamiami Trail crossing the Everglades. [http://www.saj.usace.army.mil/pd/envdocs/Miami-Dade/Tamiami_Trail/sections/sect-6.pdf] Action on the part of the Corps of Engineers is pending funding by the United States government.
The proposed causeway is being called the Everglades Skyway by the
Sierra Club, Audubon Society, World Wildlife Fund, and other organizations in an Internet-based effort to lobby Florida and United States government officials for project construction money. [ [http://www.buildtheskyway.com/ Everglades Skyway Coalition ] ]
* Endpoints of U.S. highways: [http://www.geocities.com/usend4049/End041/end041.htm U.S. Highway 41] and [http://www.geocities.com/mapguy_annex/HwyEnds/End094/end094.htm U.S. Highway 94]
* [http://www.buildtheskyway.com/ Everglades Skyway site]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Tamiami Trail — La Tamiami Trail est une route de Floride, aux États Unis. Orientée est ouest, elle longe le Tamiami Canal sur une grande partie de sa longueur. Elle constitue par ailleurs la frontière nord du parc national des Everglades en traversant les… … Wikipédia en Français
Tamiami, Florida — Infobox Settlement official name = Tamiami, Florida other name = native name = nickname = settlement type = CDP motto = imagesize = image caption = flag size = image seal size = image shield = shield size = image blank emblem = blank emblem type … Wikipedia
Tamiami Canal — 25° 47′ 43″ N 80° 14′ 40″ W / 25.7952, 80.2445 Le Tamiami Canal est un … Wikipédia en Français
Kendall-Tamiami Executive Airport — Infobox Airport name = Kendall Tamiami Executive Airport IATA = TMB ICAO = KTMB FAA = TMB type = Public owner = Miami Dade County operator = Miami Dade Aviation Department (MDAD) city served = Miami, Florida location = elevation f = 8 elevation m … Wikipedia
Florida Trail — One of eight National Scenic Trails in the United States, the Florida Trail is a footpath spanning convert|1400|mi|km from Big Cypress National Preserve(between Miami and Naples, Florida along the Tamiami Trail) to Fort Pickens at Gulf Islands… … Wikipedia
Everglades National Park — IUCN Category Ib (Wilderness Area) … Wikipedia
National Register of Historic Places listings in Sarasota County, Florida — Location of Sarasota County in Florida This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Sarasota County, Florida. This is intended to be a complete list of the properties and districts on the National Register of Historic… … Wikipedia
Sarasota, Florida — View of Sarasota beachfront on the Gulf of Mexico in the foreground across her keys in Sarasota Bay to the harbor and downtown bay front in the middle ground and residential neigh … Wikipedia
Everglades National Park — Parc national des Everglades Parc national des Everglades Catégorie II de la CMAP (Parc national) … Wikipédia en Français
Parc national des Everglades — Catégorie UICN II (parc national) Identifiant … Wikipédia en Français