Jessica Lange


Jessica Lange
Jessica Lange

Lange at Oscar 1990.
Born Jessica Phyllis Lange
April 20, 1949 (1949-04-20) (age 62)
Cloquet, Minnesota, United States
Nationality American
Education Cloquet High School (1967)
University of Minnesota (1967)
Occupation Actor, producer, photographer
Years active 1976–present
Spouse Francisco Paco Grande (1970–81)
Partner Mikhail Baryshnikov (1976–82)
Samuel Shepard (1982–present)
Children Alexandra Baryshnikov (1981)
Hannah Jane Shepard (1985)
Samuel Walker Shepard (1987)
Parents Albert John Lange (1911–88)
Dorothy Florence Sahlman (1913–68)
Relatives Ann and Jane Lange (sisters)
George Lange (brother)
Awards Academy Awards (1983, 95)
Golden Globes (1977, 83, 95, 96)
Emmy Award (2009)

Jessica Phyllis Lange (born April 20, 1949) is an American actress who has worked in film, theatre and television. The recipient of several awards, including two Academy Awards, four Golden Globes and one Emmy, Lange is regarded as one of the première female actors of her generation.

Lange was discovered by producer Dino De Laurentiis while modeling for Wilhelmina Models, and made her professional film debut in 1976 with King Kong, which earned her a Golden Globe Award for New Star of the Year and became the fifth highest-grossing film of the year. She had her first true major critical and financial success, however, with a starring role in 1981’s The Postman Always Rings Twice. The following year, Lange was the first film actor in forty years to receive two Academy Award nominations within the same year; she was nominated for the Best Actress award for her portrayal of former Hollywood actress Frances Farmer in Frances and received the award for Best Supporting Actress for her role as a soap opera star in the comedy Tootsie, the second-highest grossing picture of 1982.

Lange followed it with several critically acclaimed performances throughout the 1980s and the 1990s, garnering several awards and nominations for such films as Country (1984), Sweet Dreams (1985), Music Box (1989), and the television movie O Pioneers! (1992). She finally won the Academy Award for Best Actress for her performance as a manic depressive army wife in Tony Richardson's last film, Blue Sky (1994). The following year, she appeared as Blanche DuBois in CBS's television production of A Streetcar Named Desire, for which she received her fourth Golden Globe Award for Best Actress and an Emmy Award nomination. Lange was later acknowledged with two nominations of the Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Movie for her work in the HBO drama films Normal (2003) and Grey Gardens (2009), among other honors, eventually winning for the latter. Lange currently stars in FX's American Horror Story, which debuted as the network's highest-rated television show premiere ever.[1]

In total, Lange has received six Academy Award nominations, winning two, eleven Golden Globe nominations, winning four, three Emmy nominations, winning one, along with two Screen Actors Guild nominations and one British Academy Film Award nomination. Her work has also earned her a National Society of Film Critics award, a New York Film Critics Circle award, a Los Angeles Film Critics Association award, a Boston Society of Film Critics award, a Moscow International Film Festival award and a Theater World Award, among several other awards and nominations. In addition to acting, she is an award-winning photographer with two published works,[2] and is a humanitarian, holding a position as a Goodwill Embassador for UNICEF and specializing in the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Congo and Russia.[3][4] She is mother to three adults and is coupled with playwright Sam Shepard.

Contents

Early life

Lange was born in Cloquet, Minnesota on April 20, 1949. The third of four children, she is the daughter of Dorothy Florence (née Sahlman) and Albert John Lange, a teacher and traveling salesman.[5] Her maternal grandparents were of Finnish descent, while her paternal grandparents were German and Dutch.[6][7][8] Due to the nature of her father's professions, Lange and her family moved often throughout her childhood, though they eventually returned to and settled in Minnesota.

As an adolescent, Lange's favorite actresses were Vivien Leigh and Elizabeth Taylor. She also has spoken of spending her "sick days" reading Gone with the Wind in bed and reenacting Melanie's deathbed scene obsessively.

Lange studied art and photography at the University of Minnesota where she formed a relationship with photographer Francisco "Paco" Grande. The two married, and Lange dropped out of university in favor of travelling with Grande throughout the United States, both of them living the "bohemian life" out of a "beat-up van" throughout the late 1960s. The couple relocated to Paris, France, where their relationship would eventually end. Lange, however, remained in Paris and would go on to study mime with the renowned Étienne Decroux. In 1973 Lange returned to New York to "witness Nixon get impeached". Supporting herself as a waitress at the Lion's Head Tavern while sharing an apartment with soon-to-be-famous fashion models Jerry Hall and Grace Jones in Manhattan, she was discovered by fashion illustrator Antonio Lopez[9] and was briefly a fashion model for the Wilhelmina Models agency before being discovered by Hollywood producer Dino De Laurentiis.

Career

Early career

Lange made her professional film debut in 1976's King Kong. Despite being a box office hit, the film and her performance were panned and dismissed by both film critics and Hollywood. Still, her role would garner her the Golden Globe Award for New Star of the Year and the film would go on to become the fifth highest-grossing movie of 1976. Lange wouldn't work for nearly three years,[10][11] however, and yet she was determined to pursue her dream of becoming a professional actress, persevering, once again, as a waitress for the Lion's Head Tavern while attending classes at the Actor's Studio in Greenwich Village.

In 1979, Lange was cast as the 'Angel of Death' in Bob Fosse's semi-autobiographical film, All That Jazz. The two had carried on an affair shortly after Lange's film debut, but soon became close friends after the young actress formed a relationship with the renowned Russian ballet dancer Mikhail Baryshnikov, with whom she would have her first child. It is reported that Fosse wrote the part with Lange in mind. Soon thereafter, she was contacted by Bob Rafelson regarding a project he and Jack Nicholson were working on. Coincidentally, Nicholson had auditioned Lange for a part in his directorial debut, 1978's Goin' South. Though Lange lost the role to Mary Steenburgen, Nicholson was impressed and remained extremely interested in working with her, telling the actress that they would soon share the screen together. After several meetings and auditions, Rafelson would offer Lange the infamous lead role, originated by Lana Turner, opposite Nicholson in 1981's The Postman Always Rings Twice, a remake of the classic film noir. Reportedly, after their first meeting, Rafelson wrote Lange's name on a slip of paper and placed it in a sealed envelope, knowing he had found his "first choice". Upon offering Lange the role, he handed her the envelope as a vote of confidence in her abilities. During filming, Nicholson became quite enamored with the actress for both her beauty and strength. He was quoted as referring to Lange as "a cross between a delicate fawn and a Buick."[12] Although the controversial film received mixed reviews, critics took special notice of Lange, who was unanimously praised for her performance, some citing it as her "true film debut". Major critical and financial success soon followed.

1980s

In 1982, Lange became the first film thespian in 40 years to receive two Academy Award nominations within the same year for her lead performance in Frances, co-starring Kim Stanley, and for her supporting turn in Tootsie, starring Dustin Hoffman. Tootsie garnered Lange the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress, her first, and a second Golden Globe, also in the supporting category, while becoming the second highest-grossing film of 1982 (following Steven Spielberg's E.T.).

Lange first became aware of the infamous 1930's actress Frances Farmer while living in New York City after her disastrous film debut in the late 1970s and has spoken of fatefully being told by an acting teacher that she would one day play the doomed actress. Film editor for The Postman Always Rings Twice, Graeme Clifford, who had also been fascinated by Farmer's life years earlier and was coincidentally preparing to make his debut as a film director with a biopic on her life, quickly noticed Lange's range as an actress and the uncanny resemblance she bore to Farmer while editing Rafelson's film and immediately suggested her as his first choice to producer Mel Brooks, who favored Tuesday Weld for the highly sought after role. Brooks would later speak of agreeing with Clifford after his first meeting with Lange. Other actresses who auditioned are Anne Archer, Blythe Danner, Susan Dey, Patty Duke, Mia Farrow, Sally Field, Jane Fonda, Goldie Hawn, Diane Keaton, Liza Minnelli, Susan Sarandon, Cybill Shepherd, Sissy Spacek, Meryl Streep, Natalie Wood and Susan Blakely, who went on to portray Farmer in the 1983 CBS television film Will There Really Be a Morning?.[13]

Filming Frances was a grueling and emotionally taxing experience for Lange, who has spoken of "going over the edge" during the shoot. However, it was during this time that she met and fell in love with Sam Shepard, who co-starred as a composite of some of Farmer's male friends. The two would soon move in together and have their first child the following year. Lange's performance in Frances has since become highly regarded as one of the best performances of all time.[14]

The now "established actress" quickly became a highly sought after star and was offered roles in box-office hits such as 1984's Romancing the Stone and 1985's Gorillas in the Mist, but turned them down for more intense material. The power and prestige she had earned with her sudden success afforded her the opportunity to both star in and act as executive producer of her next film, 1984's Country, which was inspired by the farm crisis of the 1980's and, once again, co-starred Shepard. Lange was a staunch supporter of farmer's rights, admitting that her own "Midwestern upbringing" made her especially empathetic to their plight. Her performance garnered her a third Academy Award nomination and fourth Golden Globe nomination for Best Actress. That same year she made her television debut as Maggie the Cat, starring opposite Tommy Lee Jones in a CBS Playhouse production of Tennessee Williams's Cat On a Hot Tin Roof, which also garnered her much critical praise. The following year she testified before Congress on behalf of the Democratic House Task Force on Agriculture, alongside Jane Fonda, whom she formed a close friendship with, and Sally Field.[15] At the close of 1985, she would portray legendary country singer Patsy Cline in Karel Reisz's biopic, Sweet Dreams, opposite Ed Harris and John Goodman. Her performance garnered her a fourth Academy Award nomination for Best Actress. She also befriended Goodman, who would go on to co-star with Lange in four films, usually upon her own insistence. In several interviews, Meryl Streep has stated that she "begged" Reisz, who directed her in 1981's The French Lieutenant's Woman, for the role of Cline but that his first choice had always been Lange. Streep has also been quite vocal and adamant in her praise of Lange's performance, calling her "beyond wonderful" in the film and stating:

I couldn't imagine doing it as well or even coming close to what Jessica did because she was so amazing in it.[16][17]

Lange's films throughout the mid and late 1980's were mostly low profile and underperformed at the box office. Still, she continued to achieve consistent and unanimous critical success which resulted in several prestigious awards and nominations. In 1989 she starred in Costa-Gavras' Music Box, written by Joe Eszterhas and loosely based on the screenwriter's own experiences with his father. Lange played a Hungarian lawyer defending her father of Nazi war crimes. Her performance would garner her a fifth Academy Award nomination and sixth Golden Globe nomination for Best Actress.

1990s

Lange's film work during the 1990s became somewhat sporadic due to her taking time off to raise her children and to her increasing interest in stage work. In 1990 she starred in Paul Brickman's Men Don't Leave, which introduced Chris O'Donnell and co-starred Joan Cusack and Kathy Bates. Her performance would garner her much critical praise and introduce her to O'Donnell, whom she would later suggested for a role in Blue Sky.

In 1991, Martin Scorcese and Robert DeNiro, who had both auditioned Lange for 1981's Raging Bull, approached her to star in a remake of the 1962 noir classic, Cape Fear, starring DeNiro along with Nick Nolte and Juliette Lewis. Lange, who had always "desperately" wanted to work with both Scorcese and DeNiro, immediately jumped at the opportunity and was allowed some creative control over her role and dialogue. The film and cast received tremendous critical praise and it became the eighth highest-grossing film of 1991. In 1992, Lange starred in a television adaptation of Willa Cather's O Pioneers!, which garnered her her seventh Golden Globe nomination for Best Actress. Her Broadway debut also occurred that same year as she portrayed Blanche DuBois in Tennessee Williams' A Streetcar Named Desire opposite Alec Baldwin. Critics panned Lange's performance as being "too cinematic" and criticized her for her lack of stage technique and experience. A few critics, however, lauded her performance, citing it as one of the best and most realistic interpretations on Broadway of Williams' seminal character. The demands of the role coupled with her increasing disinterest in Hollywood led her to star in only two more films in 1992, Irwin Winkler's Night and the City, opposite DeNiro once more, and Tony Richardson's Blue Sky, which reunited her with Tommy Lee Jones, before taking a three year break to focus on her family and photography.

Due to financial difficulties, Orion Pictures did not release Blue Sky until 1994. Lange was lauded for her performance as a manic depressive army wife in the 1960s. She garnered the 1994 Academy Award for Best Actress, along with the Golden Globe Award, the Los Angeles Film Critics Association award and the Sant Jordi de Cine award for Best Actress. During her acceptance speech for the Oscar, Lange dedicated her award to her children and to the memory and brilliance of director Tony Richardson, who had recently died from AIDS-related complications. Her victory placed her in an elite group of women who have won both Best Supporting Actress and Best Actress Oscars; they include Helen Hayes, Ingrid Bergman, Maggie Smith and Meryl Streep.[18] She would follow her victory with further critically lauded performances in 1995's Losing Isaiah, opposite Halle Berry, and Rob Roy, opposite Liam Neeson. That same year, Lange would reprise her role as Blanche DuBois in a CBS television adaptation. This time, she received rave reviews for her performance, which garnered her a fourth Golden Globe award and her first Emmy nomination for Best Actress.

In 1996, Lange made her London stage debut in a third reprisal of her role as Blanche DuBois to considerable critical acclaim. The following year she starred opposite Michelle Pfeiffer in a film adaptation of Jane Smiley's Pulitzer Prize winning novel, A Thousand Acres. Lange and Pfeiffer had always wanted to work together and had both optioned the book in galley form in 1991. The film also starred Jason Robards and Jennifer Jason Leigh. It received generally mixed reviews save for the performances by and chemistry between the lead actresses. Lange garnered her ninth Golden Globe nomination and won the Venice Film Festival's Schermi d'Amore award. In 1998, she starred opposite Elizabeth Shue in a film adaptation of Balzac's Cousin Bette, for which she would receive mixed reviews. That same year Lange also starred opposite Gwyneth Paltrow in the semi cult classic, Hush. Her performance was panned as "over the top" by many critics, though Roger Ebert disagreed, writing:

The film's most intriguing element is the performance by Jessica Lange, who by not going over the top provides Martha with a little pathos to leaven the psychopathology."[19]

She received her first and only Razzie Award nomination for her performance.

Lange received rave reviews at the close of the century for her risky performance in Titus, Julie Taymor's 1999 adaptation of Shakespeare's Titus Andronicus. She performed opposite Anthony Hopkins and Alan Cummings, with whom she quickly formed a close friendship. During promotional interviews for the film, Hopkins also revealed his admiration for Lange, stating that her performance in Frances was his favorite by an actress. Lange had just turned 50 and Taymor directed her in giving one of her most erotically charged and critically lauded performances. Entertainment Weekly film critic, Lisa Schwarzbaum, even opined:

Jessica Lange already has two Oscars and six nominations to her credit, so her appearance near the words Academy Awards should never be a surprise. But everything about her daring performance in Titus as Tamora, the Queen of the Goths, is an astonishment. Donning breastplates, vowing vengeance, tearing into Shakespeare for the first time as if nothing could be more fun, Lange steals the show — and when the star of the show is Anthony Hopkins, that's grand theft.[20]

2000s

Lange began the new millennium with a London stage production of Eugene O'Neill's classic autobiographical play, Long Day's Journey Into Night, playing the part of the heroin-addicted Mary Tyrone. She received the best stage reviews of her career and garnered an Olivier Award nomination.

She appeared mostly in supporting roles after, most notably opposite Christina Ricci in the 2001 adaptation of Elizabeth Wurtzel's best-selling memoir on depression, Prozac Nation. In 2003, Lange starred opposite Tom Wilkinson in HBO's highly-successful Normal, a film about a man who reveals to his wife his decision to have a sex change. She received her tenth Golden Globe nomination and second Emmy nomination. She followed this with notable performances in the Bob Dylan vehicle, Masked and Anonymous (2003), Tim Burton's Big Fish (2003), Jim Jarmusch's Broken Flowers (2005) and Wim Wenders' Don't Come Knocking (2005), before starring opposite Christian Slater and Sarah Paulson in a Broadway revival of Tennessee Williams' The Glass Menagerie for which she received generally positive reviews. She later starred with Tammy Blanchard in a remake of Sybil in 2007.

Lange would see a resurgence in her popularity in 2009 with her hugely successful performance as Big Edie, opposite Drew Barrymore, in HBO's Grey Gardens, based on the infamous 1975 documentary of the same name. The two women would form a tight "mother-daughter" bond during filming, spending the entire shoot together "in each other's hotel rooms". Her performance garnered her her first Emmy for Outstanding Lead Actress In A Movie after two previous nominations in the same category. During her acceptance speech, Lange thanked Barrymore, dedicating half of the award to her and Barrymore's taped reaction saw her mouthing the response, "I love you mother darling." Lange would also garner her eleventh Golden Globe nomination and her second Screen Actor's Guild award nomination, losing both awards to Barrymore.

2010s

In 2011, Ryan Murphy announced that he had written and extended a supporting role for Lange in his television show, American Horror Story, opposite Dylan McDermott and Connie Britton. Murphy also stated that he had repeatedly seen Lange as Blanche DuBois on Broadway in 1992 after which he grew "obsessed" with her, citing her and her performance as his ultimate favorites.[21] American Horror Story debuted as FX's highest-rated premiere, quickly becoming one of the network's highest-rated shows ever.[1] Once again, Lange has seen a resurgence in her popularity and has received rave reviews for her controversial role.

Lange will next star in Michael Sucsy's The Vow, opposite Channing Tatum, and in a film adaptation of the television show, The Big Valley, in the role Barbara Stanwyck made famous.

Humanitarian work and political views

Lange is a Goodwill Ambassador for the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), specializing in the HIV/AIDS epidemic in the Congo and in spreading awareness of the disease in Russia.[22][23] She has also been a public critic of former U.S. President George W. Bush, once calling his administration, "a self-serving regime of deceit, hypocrisy and belligerence,"[24] and has been a fervent human rights supporter of the Buddhist monks in Nepal.

Personal life

Lange was married to photographer Francisco "Paco" Grande from 1970 to 1981.[25] Since 1982, she has lived with playwright/actor Sam Shepard. She has three children, Alexandra (born 1981) from her relationship with dancer/actor Mikhail Baryshnikov, whom she had a relationship with during the late 1970's, and Hannah Jane (born 1985) and Samuel Walker (born 1987) with Shepard.[26]

Photography

In 2008, Lange published her own collection of black-and-white pictures entitled 50 Photographs (powerHouse Books) with a special introduction by Patti Smith.[27] An exhibition of her work, along with a series of her films, was presented at the oldest international museum of photography and film, the George Eastman House, after which Lange was presented with the first George Eastman House Honors Award in 2009.[28] In 2010, she published a second collection of photographs, In Mexico.[citation needed]

Filmography

Cinema

Cinema
Year Title Role Director
1976 King Kong Dwan John Guillermin
1979 All That Jazz Angelique Bob Fosse
1980 How to Beat the High Co$t of Living Louise Travis Robert Scheerer
1981 Postman Always Rings Twice, TheThe Postman Always Rings Twice Cora Smith Bob Rafelson
1982 Tootsie Julie Nichols Sydney Pollack
Frances Frances Farmer Graeme Clifford
1984 Country Jewell Ivy Richard Pearce
1985 Sweet Dreams Patsy Cline Karel Reisz
1986 Crimes of the Heart Margaret Magrath Bruce Beresford
1988 Far North Kate Sam Shepard
Everybody's All-American Babs Rogers Grey Taylor Hackford
1989 Music Box Ann Talbot Costa-Gavras
1990 Men Don't Leave Beth Macauley Paul Brickman
1991 Cape Fear Leigh Bowden Martin Scorsese
1992 Night and the City Helen Nasseros Irwin Winkler
1994 Blue Sky Carly Marshall Tony Richardson
1995 Losing Isaiah Margaret Lewin Stephen Gyllenhaal
Rob Roy Mary MacGregor Michael Caton-Jones
1997 Thousand Acres, AA Thousand Acres Ginny Cook Smith Jocelyn Moorhouse
1998 Hush Martha Baring Jonathan Darby
Cousin Bette Cousin Bette Des McAnuff
1999 Titus Tamora Julie Taymor
2001 Prozac Nation Mrs Wurtzel Erik Skjoldbjærg
2003 Masked and Anonymous Nina Veronica Larry Charles
Big Fish Sandra K. Bloom Tim Burton
2005 Broken Flowers Dr Carmen Markowski Jim Jarmusch
Don't Come Knocking Doreen Wim Wenders
Neverwas Katherine Pierson Joshua Michael Stern
2006 Bonneville Arvilla Holden Christopher N. Rowley
2011 The Big Valley (in post-production) Victoria Barkley Daniel Adams
2012 The Vow (in post-production) Michael Sucsy

Television

Television
Year Title Role Director
1981 Best Little Girl in the World, TheThe Best Little Girl in the World ? Sam O'Steen
1985 Cat on a Hot Tin Roof Maggie Jack Hofsiss
1992 O Pioneers! Alexandra Bergson Glenn Jordan
1995 Streetcar Named Desire, AA Streetcar Named Desire Blanche DuBois Glenn Jordan
2003 Normal Irma Applewood Jane Anderson
2004 Peace by Peace: Women on the Frontlines Narrator Lisa Hepner
2007 Sybil Dr Cornelia Wilbur Joseph Sargent
2009 Grey Gardens Big Edie Michael Sucsy
2011 American Horror Story Constance Ryan Murphy
Documentaries
1981 Notre Dame of the Cross Herself Daniel Schmid
1994 Century of Cinema, AA Century of Cinema Caroline Thomas
1997 Off the Menu: The Last Days of Chasen's Shari Springer Berman
Robert Pulcini
2003 XXI Century Gabriele Zamparini
2005 Needs of Kim Stanley, TheThe Needs of Kim Stanley Dani Minnick

Stageography

In 1992, Lange made her Broadway-theatre début in New York City opposite Alec Baldwin in Tennessee Williams's A Streetcar Named Desire. She appeared in the West End in London, United Kingdom, in 2000, as Mary Tyrone in Eugene O'Neill's Long Day's Journey Into Nightfor which she was nominated for an Olivier Award. In 2005, she returned to Broadway in another Tennessee Williams play, The Glass Menagerie with Christian Slater.

Theater
Year Title Role Director
1992 A Streetcar Named Desire Blanche DuBois Gregory Mosher
2000 Long Day's Journey into Night Mary Cavan Tyrone Robin Phillips
2005 The Glass Menagerie Amanda Wingfield David Leveaux

Awards

References

  1. ^ a b "American Horror Story: Highest Rated Show". TVLine. 25 October 2011. http://www.tvline.com/2011/10/american-horror-story-ratings-top-series-premiere-fx/. Retrieved 2011-10-25. 
  2. ^ Larocca, Amy (2008-11-16). "Shooting Star: The Debut Of Jessica Lange, Photographer". New York. New York Media Holdings. nymaq.com. http://nymag.com/arts/books/features/52153/. Retrieved 2011-05-11. 
  3. ^ "Jessica Lange". UNICEF. UNICEF. 2008-11-16. unicef.org. http://www.unicef.org/people/people_jessica_lange.html. Retrieved 2011-05-11. 
  4. ^ Lange "Jessica Lange Visits Russia". UNICEF. UNICEF. 2008-11-16. unicef.org. http://www.unicef.org/aids/russia_34029.html Lange. Retrieved 2011-05-11. 
  5. ^ Jessica Lange Biography (1949–) at FilmReference.com
  6. ^ Jessica Lange genealogy. Rootsweb.com.
  7. ^ Brennan, Patricia. Jessica Lange as Willa Cather's Prairie Heroine, Washington Post, 2 February 1992. "I'm half Finnish and half Dutch and German."
  8. ^ Lyke, M. L. "The Yin and Yang of Jessica Lange Actress Often Defies Her Glamorous Image", Seattle Post-Intelligencer, 16 January 1990.
  9. ^ Cunningham, Bill (1974-03-04), "There is a new kind of fashion model", Chicago Tribune: B5, http://news.google.com/archivesearch?q=%22jessica+lange%22+%22antonio%22&scoring=a&hl=en&ned=us&um=1&sa=N&sugg=d&as_ldate=1970&as_hdate=1974&lnav=hist0, retrieved 2009-12-08 
  10. ^ Biography.com: Jessica Lange Biography
  11. ^ King Kong - Box Office Data
  12. ^ Jessica Lange Interview, DougieThompson.com
  13. ^ AllMovie.com
  14. ^ "Jessica Lange – Biography". Internet Movie Database. IMDb. IMDb.com. http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0001448/bio. Retrieved 2011-05-10. 
  15. ^ "Jessica Lange – Testimony". Chicago Tribune. http://articles.chicagotribune.com/1985-05-10/news/8501300749_1_jane-fonda-testifying-lee-marvin. Retrieved 2011-10-17. 
  16. ^ "Streep praises Lange". The Talks. http://the-talks.com/interviews/meryl-streep/. Retrieved 2011-10-17. 
  17. ^ "Streep praises Lange". The Hollywood Reporter. http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/thr/interviews/article_display.jsp?vnu_content_id=1000552277. Retrieved 2011-10-17. 
  18. ^ [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Academy_Award_for_Best_Actress Wikipedia.com: Academy Award for Best Actress
  19. ^ ""Hush" film review". Chicago Sun Times. http://rogerebert.suntimes.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/19980306/REVIEWS/803060302/1023. Retrieved 2011-10-17. 
  20. ^ "Oscars 2000: Best Supporting Actress". Entertainment Weekly. 14 January 2000. http://www.ew.com/ew/article/0,,275155,00.html. Retrieved 2011-10-17. 
  21. ^ "6 Things That Inspired "American Horror Story"". TV Guide. http://www.tvguide.com/News/American-Horror-Story-1038255.aspx. Retrieved 2011-10-17. 
  22. ^ "Jessica Lange". UNICEF. UNICEF. 2008-11-16. unicef.org. http://www.unicef.org/people/people_jessica_lange.html. Retrieved 2011-05-11. 
  23. ^ Lange "Jessica Lange Visits Russia". UNICEF. UNICEF. 2008-11-16. unicef.org. http://www.unicef.org/aids/russia_34029.html Lange. Retrieved 2011-05-11. 
  24. ^ White House: Kerry Should Apologize for Filthy Fund-Raiser. Newsmax.com. 9 July 2004.
  25. ^ Parade: In Step With...Jessica Lange
  26. ^ Sam Shepard Bio Sam Shepard web site
  27. ^ "Jessica Lange and Patti Smith Team Up". 50 Photographs. The Observer. 2009-07-15. http://www.observer.com/2008/arts-culture/jessica-lange-and-patti-smith-team-photo-book. http://www.observer.com/2008/arts-culture/jessica-lange-and-patti-smith-team-photo-book. Retrieved 2011-05-11. 
  28. ^ "Jessica Lange At Eastman House July 25". George Eastman House. Rochester, New York: GEH. 2009-07-15. eastmanhouse.org. http://www.eastmanhouse.org/tools/pressroom/view.php?title=lange-visits. Retrieved 2011-05-11. 

Further reading

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