Polish army order of battle in 1939
Polish OOB during the Invasion of Poland. In the late thirties Polish headquarters prepared "Plan Zachód" ("Plan "West"), a plan of mobilization of Polish Army in case of war with Germany. Earlier, the Poles did not regard the Germans as their main threat, priority was given to threat from the Soviets (see: Plan East).
Plan assumed creation of 30
infantrydivisions, 9 reserve divisions, 11 cavalry brigades, two motorized brigades, 3 mountain brigades and a number of smaller units. Most Polish forces were grouped into 6 armies and a number of corps-sized " Operational Groups". Later in the course of the war other operational units were created.
July 11, 1939under Major General Kazimierz Fabrycy. "Armia Karpaty" was created after Germanyannexed Czechoslovakiaand created a puppet state of Slovakia. The main aim of the army was to secure mountain passes in the Carpathians. Initially the army consisted of 2 improvised mountain brigades and a number of smaller units, but later in the course of war was joined by forces of the withdrawing "Armia Kraków".
* 2nd Mountain Brigade ("2 Brygada Górska"), made of National Defence units from
Limanowa, Gorliceand Nowy Sącz, as well as Border Defence Corpsunits from Volhynia,
* 3rd Mountain Brigade ("3 Brygada Górska"), made of National Defence units from
Krosno, Sanok, Przemyśland Rzeszów
Carpathian Half-Brigade of National Defence("Karpacka Półbrygada ON")
* 2nd Regiment of the
Border Defence Corps, made of regiments of the Border Defence Corps from the area of Wilno,
* 1st Motorized Artillery Regiment
* 9th Heavy Artillery Regiment
Attached to the "Armia Karpaty" was the Kaw Group which consisted of:
Warsaw Mechanized Brigade
* 46th Light Artillery
* 47th Light Artillery
Additionally, mobilisation plans called for creation of the
Tarnów Groupconsisting of:
* 22nd Mountain Infantry Division from
* 38th Infantry Division (reserve), created in August 1939 out of
Border Defence Corpsunits from Polesie Voivodeshipand Volhynian Voivodeship.
March 23, 1939as the main pivotof Polish defence. Its' main task was to delay advancing German troops and withdraw eastwards along the northern line of the Carpathians. It consisted of 5 infantry divisions, 1 mountain brigade, 1 motorized cavalry brigade, 1 mountain brigade and 1 cavalry brigade under gen. Antoni Szylling.
::"For a detailed description of the Warszawa Army operations see:
Siege of Warsaw (1939)"Created on September 10, 1939from various units in Warsawand Modlin Fortressarea. Initially it consisted of approximately 25 infantry battalions and 40 tanks. Later it was reinforced by forces of Łódź Army and elements of Modlin Army. It was commanded by col. Walerian Czuma, although the nominal commander was gen. Juliusz Rómmel.
Wyszków Operational Group
Was one of the reserves of the northern front of Polish defences. It consisted of 3 infantry divisions:
1st Legions Infantry Division("1 Dywizja Piechoty Legionów") from Wilno,
Polish 35th Infantry Division("35 Dywizja Piechoty" - reserve), formed on September 7, 1939, out of units of the Border Defence Corpsfrom northern parts of the Wilno Voivodeship,
Polish 41st Infantry Division("41 Dywizja Piechoty" - reserve), formed in September 1939, out of units of the Border Defence Corps.
Narew Independent Operational Group
Consisted of 2 infantry divisions and 2 cavalry brigades:
* 18th Infantry Division ("18 Dywizja Piechoty") from
* 33rd Infantry Division ("33 Dywizja Piechoty" - reserve), formed in late August 1939, out of
Border Defence Corpsunits from the areas of Grodnoand Wilno,
Podlaska Cavalry Brigade("Podlaska Brygada Kawalerii") from Białystok,
Suwalska Cavalry Brigade("Suwalska Brygada Kawalerii") from Suwałkiand Grodno.
*Lotnictwo Wojskowe (Polish Air Force)
*Naval and river support
*Polska Marynarka Wojenna (Polish Navy)
Polish cavalry brigade order of battle
* Fall Weiss
History of Poland
* Invasion of Poland
List of Polish armies in World War II
Polish armaments 1939-1945
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