Gustave Moreau

Gustave Moreau

Gustave Moreau (April 6, 1826 – April 18, 1898) was a French Symbolist painter. He was born and died in Paris.

Moreau's main focus was the illustration of biblical and mythological figures. As a painter of literary ideas rather than visual images, he appealed to the imaginations of some Symbolist writers and artists, who saw him as a precursor to their movement.

His father, Louis Jean Marie Moreau, was an architect, who recognized his talent. His mother was Adele Pauline des Moutiers. Moreau studied under François-Édouard Picot and became a friend of Théodore Chassériau, whose work strongly influenced his own. Moreau carried on a deeply personal 25-year relationship, possibly romantic, with Adelaide-Alexandrine Dureux, a woman whom he drew several times. [cite book | last = Kaplan | first = Julius | title = Gustave Moreau | publisher = Little Brown & Company | date = 1974 | pages = 7, 55 | id = ISBN 0821206281 ] His first painting was a "Pietà" which is now located in the cathedral at Angoulême. He showed "A Scene from the Song of Songs" and "The Death of Darius" in the Salon of 1853. In 1853 he contributed "Athenians with the Minotaur" and "Moses Putting Off his Sandals within Sight of the Promised Land" to the Great Exhibition.

"Oedipus and the Sphinx", one of his first symbolist paintings, was exhibited at the Salon of 1864. Over his lifetime, he produced over 8,000 paintings, watercolors and drawings, many of which are on display in Paris' Musée national Gustave Moreau at 14, rue de la Rochefoucauld (IXe arrondissement). The museum is in his former workshop, and was opened to the public in 1903. André Breton famously used to "haunt" the museum and regarded Moreau as a precursor to Surrealism.

He had become a professor at Paris' École des Beaux-Arts in 1891 and counted among his many students the fauvist painters, Henri Matisse and Georges Rouault.

Moreau is buried in Paris' Cimetière de Montmartre.

In Alan Moore's graphic novel, "The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen", it is implied that he was a nephew of Doctor Moreau, and he based a few of his paintings on the Doctor's creations.


External links

* [ Tribute site to Gustave Moreau.]
* [ "Musée National Gustave-Moreau"]
* [ An Eye on Art: "Salomé Dansant"]
* [ Ten Dreams Galleries]
* [ Brief biography at the]
* [ Moreau at Boston College]
* [ Moreau at Artonline]
* [ Moreau at Insecula]
* [ Moreau at Art Renewal Center]
* [ Moreau at CGFA]
* [ Moreau at the WebMuseum]
* [ Moreau at Peter Nahum At The Leicester Galleries]
* [ Moreau links at World Wide Arts Resources]
* [ Moreau links at the Artcyclopedia]
* [ Review of a Moreau exhibition]

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gustave Moreau — Gustave Moreau, 1850. Edipo y la esfinge (1864) …   Wikipedia Español

  • Gustave Moreau — (París, 6 de abril de 1826 íd., 18 de abril de 1898) fue un pintor, grabador y diseñador francés, precursor del simbolismo …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Gustave Moreau — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Moreau. {{Infobox Artiste |nom = Gustave Moreau |image =GustaveMoreau02.jpg |taille image =150px |légende = Autoportrait de Gustave Moreau, 1850 |nom de naissance = |date de naissance =6 avril 1826… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gustave Moreau — Selbstporträt Gustav Moreaus, 1850 Gustave Moreau (* 6. April 1826 in Paris; † 18. April 1898 in Paris) war ein französischer Maler und Zeichner des Symbolismus. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gustave Moreau — (1826 1898) French painter known for his mystical themes, teacher of Matisse and Rouault at the Ecole des Beaux Arts …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Musée Gustave Moreau — Intérieur du musée Gustave Moreau Informations géographiques Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • MOREAU (G.) — L’histoire de l’art n’a longtemps reconnu à Gustave Moreau que le mérite d’avoir été le professeur de Rouault, de Matisse, de Marquet. Quant au peintre, une boutade de Degas tenait lieu de jugement: «Il met des chaînes de montre aux dieux de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Moreau — Moreau, Gustave Moreau, Jean Victor Moreau, Jeanne * * * (as used in expressions) Gottschalk, Louis Moreau Moreau, Gustave Moreau, Jeanne …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Moreau — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Alphonse de Moreau (1840–1911), belgischer Politiker Auguste Moreau (1834–1917), französischer Bildhauer Basile Moreau (1799–1873), französischer Ordensgründer Charles de Moreau (1758 1840), französischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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