Cantons of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina


Cantons of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina

The 10 cantons of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina serve as the second-level units of local autonomy of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, one of the two political entities of Bosnia and Herzegovina.[1]

The other political entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Republika Srpska, has a centralized government and is divided directly into 63 municipalities. Finally, the ethnically diverse Brčko District is a division of its own under the direct jurisdiction of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Cantons

The cantons or counties of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina were created by the Bosniak-Croat Washington Agreement of 1994. Their present boundaries were defined by the Dayton Agreement in 1995. The cantons or counties consist of municipalities (singular: općina, општина; plural: općine, општине). A canton or a county has its own government headed by the Premier. The Premier has his own cabinet, and is assisted in his duties by various cantonal ministries, agencies, and cantonal or county services. Five of the cantons or counties (Una-Sana, Tuzla, Zenica-Doboj, Bosnian Podrinje, and Sarajevo) have a Bosniak majority, three (Posavina, West Herzegovina, and West Bosnia) have Bosnian Croat majority, and two (Central Bosnia and Herzegovina-Neretva) are 'ethnically mixed', meaning there are special legislative procedures for protection of the constituent ethnic groups.

Map showing cantons or counties of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Coat of
arms
No. Abbr Canton Bosnian Croatian Center Population Area (km2) Density Municipalities
Coat of arms of Una-Sana Canton.gif I. USK Una-Sana Unsko-sanski kanton Unsko-sanska županija Bihać 287,998 4,125 69.8 8
BiH Posavina Canton COA.svg II. ŽP Posavina Posavski kanton Posavska županija Orašje 40,513 324.6 124.8 3
Coat of Arms of Tuzla Canton.svg III. TK Tuzla Tuzlanski kanton Tuzlanska županija Tuzla 497,813 2,649 187.9 13
Coat of arms of Zenica-Doboj Canton.gif IV. ZDK Zenica-Doboj Zeničko-dobojski kanton Zeničko-dobojska županija Zenica 400,848 3,334.3 119.9 12
Coat of arms of Bosnian Podrinje Canton.PNG V. BPK Bosnian Podrinje Bosansko-podrinjski kanton Bosansko-podrinjska županija Goražde 33,662 504.6 65.8 3
Central Bosnia Canton Grb.gif VI. SBK
ŽSB
Central Bosnia Srednjobosanski kanton Županija Središnja Bosna Travnik 255,648 3,189 80.2 12
Coat of arms of Herzegovina-Neretva Canton.gif VII. HNK
ŽHN
Herzegovina-Neretva Hercegovačko-neretvanski kanton Hercegovačko-neretvanska županija Mostar 226,632 4,401 51.5 9
No coats of arms.svg VIII. ZHŽ West Herzegovina Zapadnohercegovački kanton Zapadnohercegovačka županija Široki Brijeg 81,833 1,362.2 60.1 4
Sarajevo Canton CoA.png IX. KS Sarajevo Kanton Sarajevo Sarajevska županija Sarajevo 421,289 1,276.9 329.9 9
No coats of arms.svg X. K10 Canton 10 Kanton 10, Livanjski kanton Herceg-bosanska županija Livno 81,396 4,934.1 16.5 6
Coat of arms of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg FBiH Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina Federacija Bosne i Hercegovine Federacija Bosne i Hercegovine Sarajevo 2,327,195 26,109.7 89.1 79

See also

  • ISO 3166-2:BA

References

  1. ^ In Bosnian they are called kantoni, županije in Croatian, and кантони in Serbian.

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