Sharif


Sharif

"Sharīf" (Arabic: شريف) is a traditional Arab tribal title given to those who serve as the protector of the tribe and all tribal assets, such as property, wells, and land.

Primarily Sunnis in the Arab world reserve the term "sharif" for descendants of Hasan ibn Ali, while "sayyid" is used for descendants of Husayn ibn Ali. Both Hasan and Husayn are grandchildren of Muhammad, through the marriage of his cousin Ali and his daughter Fatima. However ever since the post-Hashemite era began, the term "sayyid" has been used to denote descendants from both Hasan and Husayn. Arab Shiites use the terms "sayyid" and "habib" to denote descendants from both Hasan and Husayn; see also ashraf.

From 1201 until the Hejaz was conquered by Ibn Saud in 1925, this family held the office of the Sharīf of Makkah, often also carrying the title and office of King of Hejaz. Descendants now rule the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, the name being taken from the Banu Hashim, the sub-tribe of Banu Quraish, to which Muhammad belonged.

The word has no etymological connection with the English term "sheriff", which comes from the Old English word "scīrgerefa", meaning "shire-reeve," the local reeve (enforcement agent) of the king in the shire (county).

Usage in Popular culture

* "Rock the Casbah," a song by The Clash


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  • Sharif — ist der Familienname von: Nawaz Sharif (* 1949), ehemaliger Premierminister von Pakistan Omar Sharif (* 1932), ägyptischer Schauspieler Siehe auch: Shariff, Begriffsklärung Diese Seite ist eine …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • sharif — (n.) 1560, shereef, from Arabic sharif noble, glorious, from sharafa to be exalted. A descendant of Muhammad through his daughter Fatima …   Etymology dictionary

  • Sharif —   [ʃa ], Omar, Umar Scharif, eigentlich Michael Chalhoub, ägyptischer Schauspieler, * Alexandria 10. 4. 1932; übernahm 1953 seine erste Filmrolle; wurde Anfang der 60er Jahre zum romantischen Star des internationalen Films.   Filme: Lawrence von… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • sharif — [shə rēf′] n. var. of SHERIF …   English World dictionary

  • sharif — /sheuh reef /, n. sherif. [1590 1600] * * * ▪ Arabic title Arabic  sharīf (“noble” or “high born”) , plural  ashrāf        Arabic title of respect, restricted, after the advent of Islam, to members of Muhammad s clan of Hāshim in particular, to… …   Universalium

  • Sharif — /shah reef /, n. a male given name: from an Arabic word meaning exalted. * * * ▪ Arabic title Arabic  sharīf (“noble” or “high born”) , plural  ashrāf        Arabic title of respect, restricted, after the advent of Islam, to members of Muhammad s …   Universalium

  • sharif — also sherif noun Etymology: Arabic sharīf, literally, illustrious Date: 1599 a descendant of the prophet Muhammad through his daughter Fatima; broadly one of noble ancestry or political preeminence in predominantly Islamic countries • sharifian… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • sharif — n. (also shereef, sherif) 1 a descendant of Muhammad through his daughter Fatima, entitled to wear a green turban or veil. 2 a Muslim leader. Etymology: Arab. sarif noble f. sarafa be exalted * * * sharif, Sharifian varr. shereef, Shereefian a …   Useful english dictionary

  • Sharif — biographical name Nawaz 1949 prime minister of Pakistan (1990 93; 1997 99) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • sharīf — noun A traditional Arab tribal title given to those who serve as the protector of the tribe and all tribal assets …   Wiktionary


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