Joseph Moxon

Infobox Scientist
name = Joseph Moxon
box_width =



image_width =
caption =
birth_date = birth date|1627|08|08
birth_place =
death_date = death date and age|1691|02|28|1627|08|08
death_place =
residence =
citizenship =
nationality =
ethnicity =
field =
work_institutions =
alma_mater =
doctoral_advisor =
doctoral_students =
known_for =
author_abbrev_bot =
author_abbrev_zoo =
influences =
influenced =
prizes =
religion =
footnotes =

Joseph Moxon (8 August 1627 - February 1691 [ [http://www.royalsoc.ac.uk/DServe/dserve.exe?dsqIni=Dserve.ini&dsqApp=Archive&dsqCmd=show.tcl&dsqDb=Persons&dsqPos=0&dsqSearch=(Surname='Moxon') Royal Society archives] state his death date as 28 February; the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography states that he was buried on 15 February] ), Hydrographer to Charles II, was an English printer of mathematical books and maps, a maker of globes and mathematical instruments, and mathematical lexicographer. He produced the first English language dictionary devoted to mathematics. In November 1678 he became the first tradesman to be elected as a Fellow of the Royal Society.

Between the ages of around 9 and 11, Moxon accompanied his father, James Moxon, to Delft and Rotterdam where he was printing English Bibles. It was at this time that Moxon learned the basics of printing. After the First English Civil War the family returned to London, and Moxon and his older brother James started a printing business which specialized in the publication of Puritan texts, with the notable exception of "A Book of Drawing, Limning, Washing or Colouring of Mapps and Prints" of 1647 which was produced for Thomas Jenner, a seller of maps.

In 1652 Moxon visited Amsterdam and commissioned the engraving of globe-printing plates, and by the end of the year was selling large celestial and terrestrial globes in a new business venture. He specialized in the printing of maps and charts, and in the production of globes, and mathematical instruments made of paper.

In January 1662 he was appointed hydrographer to the King, despite his Puritan background. Moxon's 1683 book "Mechanick Exercises" provides descriptions of contemporary printing methods that have proved useful for bibliographers.

Moxon theorized that the Arctic was ice free, and warmed by twenty-four hours of sunlight in the summer. He also speculated that Arctic ice was created near land, and that if one sailed far enough northwards, one would be free of northern land masses and, subsequently, ice.

These views led him to believe that the Northwest passage would be found by sailing near the North Pole. These views later influenced Daines Barrington and Samuel Engel, whose refinement of Moxon's ideas would in turn influence Captain Cook's Third Voyage in search of the Northwest Passage.

Notes


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Joseph Moxon — La Mécanique de Moxon Joseph Moxon né le 8 août 1627, mort le 28 février 1691[1], est un hy …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Moxon — may refer to: Moxon Huddersfield, a British textile manufacturer of luxury worsted and woollen cloth Moxon Kobrin, a law firm located in Los Angeles, California, USA Moxon antenna, a rectangular two element array antenna often homebuilt by… …   Wikipedia

  • Moxon, Joseph — SUBJECT AREA: Paper and printing [br] b. 8 August 1627 Wakefield, Yorkshire, England d. 1700 [br] English publisher of mathematical and technical books. [br] Moxon acquired a knowledge of mathematics, map making and many technical arts, to which …   Biographical history of technology

  • Type metal — The term type metal (sometimes called hot metal ) represents a range of metal alloys that are used in traditional typefounding and mechanical typesetting. History Although the knowledge of casting soft metals in moulds was well established before …   Wikipedia

  • Newspapers of Yorkshire — The newspapers of Yorkshire have a long history, stretching back to the 18th century. Regional newspapers have enjoyed varying fortunes, reflected in the large number of now defunct papers from Yorkshire. Contents 1 Existing newspapers 1.1 Daily… …   Wikipedia

  • Projet:Mathématiques/Liste des articles de mathématiques — Cette page n est plus mise à jour depuis l arrêt de DumZiBoT. Pour demander sa remise en service, faire une requête sur WP:RBOT Cette page recense les articles relatifs aux mathématiques, qui sont liés aux portails de mathématiques, géométrie ou… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • History of printing — The history of printing began as an attempt to make easier and reduce the cost of reproducing multiple copies of documents, fabrics, wall papers and so on. Printing streamlined the process of communication, and contributed to the development of… …   Wikipedia

  • Pierre Hérigone —  Ne doit pas être confondu avec Érigone. Une démonstration de l Optique d Euclide traduite par Hérigone (Tome V) Pierre Hérigone, d origine basque …   Wikipédia en Français

  • 1700 in literature — The year 1700 in literature involved some significant events and new books. Events* Richard Bentley becomes Master of Trinity College, Cambridge.New books* Mary Astell Some Reflections upon Marriage * Aphra Behn Histories, Novels, and… …   Wikipedia

  • 1678 in literature — The year 1678 in literature involved some significant events.Events*Thomas Otway, escaping from an unhappy love affair, obtains a commission in the army. *Printer Joseph Moxon becomes the first tradesman to be elected as a Fellow of the Royal… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.