Building officials of developed countries are generally referred to as administering building control systems that are mostly defined in statute. According to
World Organisation of Building Officials, there were two distinct levels of building officials: (1) the professionally-qualified building controls administrators, who are technically and/or professionally competent in examining design documents for compliance with the Building Codes defined in statute; and (2) the technician-level building-work inspectors, who simply administer the various processes.
All developed countries except
New Zealandhave both types of officials administering building control systems. New Zealandis the only country to have only technician-level, essentially un-trained Territorial authoritybuilding inspectors. In this regard, building control systems in New Zealand have not been effectively managed, and have led to a poor quality of housing stock. Examples of poor quality are the reported cases of failed weather tightness, whereby the government of the day set up a mediation service [http://www.dbh.govt.nz/whrs-index Weathertight Homes Resolution Service] to resolve cases of houses that failed even though they were approved by building inspectors.
In the United States, there were three major nonprofit organizations developing building codes for the governing of building constructions, but they have since been merged into one in 1994, the International Code Council (ICC). The former organizations included Building Officials and Code Administrators International, Inc. (BOCA), International Conference of Building Officials (ICBO), and Southern Building Code Congress International, Inc. (SBCCI).
* Building Construction
International Building Code
[http://www.iccsafe.org/ ICC website]
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