Crimean Submediterranean forest complex

The Crimean Submediterranean forest complex ecoregion, in the temperate mixed forest Biome, is of Russia and Ukraine.



The ecoregion consists of two coastal enclaves on northern coast of the Black Sea; one occupies the central coast of Crimea, extending into the Crimean Mountains, the other occupies the Black Sea coast of Krasnodar Kray, extending eastward along the northwest flank of the Caucasus.


The ecoregion's climate and vegetation resemble that of the Mediterranean Basin, with a hot dry summer and a mild, rainy winter.

At elevations below 400 meters, woodlands and maquis shrublands predominate with:

  • oak,
  • Christ's Thorn (Paliurus spina-christi),
  • Mastic tree (Pistacia lenticulus),
  • Pyracantha,
  • sclerophyll shrubs

Between 400 and 800 meters are forests predominate with:

  • Pitsundian Pine (Pinus brutia),
  • Downy Oak (Quercus pubescens),
  • Oriental Hornbeam (Carpinus orientalis),
  • European Ash (Fraxinus excelsior).

From 800 to 1300 meters elevation forests predominate with:


The warm summers and mild winters of the region make it a popular resort destination. Cities and towns in the ecoregion include Yalta, Alupka, Alushta, Sevastopol, kaj Novorossiysk.

External links

Palearctic Temperate broadleaf and mixed forestsv · Appenine deciduous montane forests
Atlantic mixed forests Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany. Netherlands
Azores temperate mixed forests Portugal
Balkan mixed forests Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia, Romania, Serbia (Kosovo), Turkey
Baltic mixed forests Denmark, Germany, Poland, Sweden
Cantabrian mixed forests Portugal, Spain
Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests Azerbaijan, Iran
Caucasus mixed forests Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russia, Turkey
Celtic broadleaf forests Ireland, United Kingdom
Central Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey
Central China loess plateau mixed forests China
Central European mixed forests Austria, Belarus, Czech Republic, Germany, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland
Central Korean deciduous forests North Korea, South Korea
Changbai Mountains mixed forests China, North Korea
Changjiang Plain evergreen forests China
Crimean Submediterranean forest complex Russia, Ukraine
Daba Mountains evergreen forests China
Dinaric Mountains mixed forests Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy, Montenegro, Serbia, Slovenia
East European forest steppe Bulgaria, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Ukraine
Eastern Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey
English Lowlands beech forests United Kingdom
Euxine-Colchic deciduous forests Georgia, Turkey
Hokkaido deciduous forests Japan
Huang He Plain mixed forests China
Madeira evergreen forests Portugal
Manchurian mixed forests China, North Korea, Russia, South Korea
Nihonkai evergreen forests Japan
Nihonkai montane deciduous forests Japan
North Atlantic moist mixed forests Ireland, United Kingdom
Northeast China Plain deciduous forests China
Pannonian mixed forests Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine
Po Basin mixed forests Italy
Pyrenees conifer and mixed forests Andorra, France, Spain
Qin Ling Mountains deciduous forests China
Rodope montane mixed forests Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia, Serbia
Sarmatic mixed forests Belarus, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Russia, Sweden
Sichuan Basin evergreen broadleaf forests China
South Sakhalin-Kurile mixed forests Russia
Southern Korea evergreen forests South Korea
Taiheiyo evergreen forests Japan
Taiheiyo montane deciduous forests Japan
Tarim Basin deciduous forests and steppe China
Ussuri broadleaf and mixed forests Russia
West Siberian broadleaf and mixed forests Russia
Western European broadleaf forests Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Switzerland
Zagros Mountains forest steppe Iran

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