- Joseph F. Johnston
name = Joseph F. Johnston
imagesize = 136 × 196
jr/sr = United States Senator
August 6, 1907
August 8, 1913
Francis S. White
order2 = 30th
Governor of Alabama
term_start2 = 1896
term_end2 = 1900
William C. Oates
William J. Samford
birth_date =birth date|1843|03|23|mf=y
birth_place =Lincoln County,
death_date =death date and age|1913|08|08|1843|03|23|mf=y
spouse =Theresa Virginia Hooper
net worth =
Joseph Forney Johnston (
March 23 1843– August 8 1913) was an American Democratic politicianand businessman who was the Governor of Alabamafrom 1896 to 1900. He later served in the U.S. Senate from August 6 1907to his death on August 8 1913. During his time as a senator, he served as a chairman of the Committee to Establish a University of the United States.
Lincoln County, North Carolina, on March 23, 1843, Johnston attended the rural public schools in North Carolina during his youth. Johnston moved to Talladega, Alabamaat the age of seventeen, and attended a military academy. At the outbreak of the Civil War, Johnston enlisted as a private in the Confederate States Army. Johnston served through the duration of the war, receiving wounds at Chickamauga, Spotsylvania, New Market, and Petersburg. By war's end, he attained the rank of captain.
After returning from the war, Johnston studied law under
William H. Forneyand was admitted to the bar. He practiced law in Selma, Alabama, eventually moving to Birmingham to become president of the Alabama National Bank. In 1887, Johnston became president of the Sloss Iron & Steel company, an industry thriving in Alabama at the time.
Johnston first entered the political arena in 1890, when he ran for Alabama Governor, but lost to
William C. Oates. In 1896, he again ran for Governor and succeeded, serving two consecutive two-year terms as Governor of Alabama. Johnston's achievements during his tenure as governor include tax reform, creation of the Alabama Department of Insurance, and the establishment of a State Mine Inspector.
Johnston decided not to seek another term as Governor in 1900, and instead challenged
John Tyler Morganin that year's Senate election. Morgan defeated Johnston, and in 1902, Johnston sought a third term as Governor against incumbent William D. Jelks. The revelation of several scandals involving Sloss Iron & Steel, as well as misconduct in the prison system hurt Johnston and he would ultimately lose the election.
Johnston did attain political office again, however, by being elected to complete Senator
Edmund Pettus's term after Pettus had died in office in 1907. Johnston was re-elected in 1909, and served in the Senate until his death from pneumonia in 1913.
Johnston was married to Theresa Virginia Hooper of South Carolina. They had three sons: William Hooper, Edward Douglas, and Forney.
* [http://www.archives.state.al.us/govs_list/g_johnst.html Joseph F. Johnston at the Alabama Department of Archives & History]
* [http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=7342162 Joseph F. Johnston at Find-A-Grave]
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