Cresta, Catastrophe Risk Evaluating and Standardizing Target Accumulations
CRESTA (Catastrophe Risk Evaluation and Standardizing Target Accumulations) was founded as a joint project of Swiss Reinsurance Company, Gerling-Konzern Globale Reinsurance Company, and Munich Reinsurance Company. CRESTA has set itself the aim of establishing a globally uniform system for the accumulation risk control of natural hazards - particularly
earthquakes, stormsand floods. Nowadays, CRESTA sets widely accepted standards apply throughout the international insurance industry. CRESTA zone information is used by most insurances for assessing the insurancerates they will charge.
CRESTA has set itself the aim of establishing a globally uniform system for the accumulation risk control of natural hazards - particularly earthquakes, storms and floods. Nowadays, widely accepted standards apply throughout the international insurance industry. CRESTA's main tasks are: Determining country-specific zones for the uniform and detailed reporting of accumulation risk data relating to natural hazards and creating corresponding zonal maps for each country. Drawing up standardised accumulation risk-recording forms for each country. Working out a uniform format for the processing and electronic transfer of accumulation risk data between insurance and reinsurance companies. In addition, CRESTA also undertakes the following activities: Collating relevant scientific and insurance-related data dealing with insurance and natural phenomena in a written record. Collecting summaries of information dealing with natural phenomena for each country, in particular relating to earthquakes. Collecting information on natural hazards for each country which is of relevance to the insurance and reinsurance industry. (As of 18.8.2008 http://www.cresta.org/about.html)
Hazard and Disaster Risk Assessment
There is basically no
riskthat cannot be insured against, however it is difficult to asses how risky it is to give out insurance contracts to customers and to asses for insurance providers how high their rates should be. One main indicator for every insurance is the premiums they pay for their reinsurance. When applying for reinsurance the forms will often be based on the models provided by CRESTA. CRESTA (Catastrophe Risk Evaluating and Standardising Target Accumulations) is an independent group led by Munich Re and Swiss Re which promotes the accurate and efficient perils. CRESTA furthermore and most importantly, established a worldwide zone classification used within the insurance industry, the CRESTA Zones. The CRESTA Zones are defined for most of the world down to postcodelevel. CRESTA Zones are the basis for reinsurance negotiation and portfolio analysis.
CRESTA Zones are basically based on two facts. First, CRESTA Zones take into account the possibility of
natural disasterfor a region based on the 4 basic natural hazards, drought, flood, earthquakes and cyclones. Second, CRESTA Zones depend on the richness of a region. The higher the value of the settlements in a region, the more an insurance will have to pay for reconstruction in case of natural hazard. In order for an insurance to calculate the risk premium distribution for each natural disaster type CRESTA Zones will be taken into account.
seismic riskanalysis, for example, a successful loss estimation of insured and reinsured values depends on the seismic hazard analysis, on the vulnerability of facilities and on the ability to calculate the earthquake risk premium, also known as average annual loss (AAL). Some people consider CRESTA Zones to Insurance like fuel to a car. CRESTA is simply one of the biggest, if not the most comprehensive and most actual information resource for natural risks and hazards.
On the downside, CRESTA specific
informationis not available freely. CRESTA zone information can either be bought directly from CRESTA or bundled with mapsystems.
Information about CRESTA:
CRESTA, no author known, as of 07.11.2006 http://www.cresta.org
Europa Tech, No author known, as of 08.11.2006, http://www.europa-tech.com/cresta.htm
Beyond Geo, no author known, as of 08.11.2006 http://www.beyondgeo.com
ZEUS World, D-Risk, as of 18.02.2008 http://www.zeus-world.com
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
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