Puerto Montt


Puerto Montt

Infobox City
official_name = Puerto Montt
other_name =
native_name =
nickname =
motto =


imagesize =270px
image_caption =View of Puerto Montt


imagesize =270px
image_caption =View of Puerto Montt



flag_size = 150px
image_

seal_size =
image_shield =
shield_size = 100px
image_blank_emblem =
blank_emblem_size =


seal_size =
image_shield =
shield_size = 100px
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mapsize = 200px
map_caption =Location of the Commune of Puerto Montt
pushpin_

pushpin_label_position = bottom
pushpin_map_caption =Location in Chile
pushpin_mapsize = 80
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = Chile
subdivision_type1 = Region
subdivision_name1 = Los Lagos
subdivision_type2 = Province
subdivision_name2 = Llanquihue
subdivision_type3 =
subdivision_name3 =
subdivision_type4 =
subdivision_name4 =
government_type =
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Rabindranath Quinteros Lara
leader_title1 =
leader_name1 =
leader_title2 =
leader_name2 =
leader_title3 =
leader_name3 =
established_title = Founded as
established_date = Melipulli
established_title2 = Founded
established_date2 = 12 February, 1853
established_title3 =
established_date3 =
area_magnitude =
area_total_km2 = 1673
area_total_sq_mi =
area_land_km2 =
area_land_sq_mi =
area_water_km2 =
area_water_sq_mi =
area_water_percent =
area_urban_km2 =
area_urban_sq_mi =
area_metro_km2 =
area_metro_sq_mi =
population_as_of = 2002
population_note =
settlement_type =
population_total = 175938
population_density_km2 = 113.9
population_density_sq_mi =
population_metro =
population_density_metro_km2 =
population_density_metro_sq_mi =
population_urban =
population_density_urban_km2 =
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timezone = Chile Time (CLT) [cite web |url=http://www.world-time-zones.org/zones/chile-time.htm |accessdate=2007-05-05 |title=Chile Time |publisher=World Time Zones .org]
utc_offset = -4
timezone_DST = Chile Summer Time (CLST) [cite web |url=http://www.world-time-zones.org/zones/chile-summer-time.htm |accessdate=2007-05-05 |title=Chile Summer Time |publisher=World Time Zones .org]
utc_offset_DST = -3
latd= 41|latm= 28|lats= |latNS=S
longd= 72|longm= 56|longs= |longEW=W
elevation_m = 14
elevation_ft =
postal_code_type =
postal_code =
area_code =
website = http://www.puertomonttchile.cl
footnotes =

Puerto Montt is a port city and commune in southern Chile, located at the northern end of the Reloncaví Sound in the Llanquihue Province, Los Lagos Region. Pop. 153,118 (city only, 2002 census), city area 39.58 km².

History

Originally, the site was covered by a thick forest and was called Melipulli (Means "Four hills" in Mapudungun). It was selected as an entrance to Lake Llanquihue when its proximity to the open sea was discovered. In the summer of 1851, an expedition arrived from Chiloé to begin the clearing of the area and the building of houses for the new inhabitants. The city itself was founded on February 12, 1853, after government-sponsored immigration from Germany that began in 1848 populated the region and integrated it politically to the rest of the country. It was named after Manuel Montt, President of Chile between 1851 and 1861, who set in motion the German immigration.

On March 4, 1969, approximately 90 landless squatters decided to settle on otherwise unoccupied farmland — without any title, right, or payment of rent — belonging to an absentee landlord. The squatters received advice from Socialist member of parliament Luis Espinoza due to the local authority never granting them any land they wanted to build houses. Five days later, local Police Chief Rolando Rodríguez Marbán reassured the squatters that they would not be disturbed and could proceed with their home construction. However, new orders received from the ministry of the interior the following day led to a change of plans: At midnight on March 9, Espinoza was charged with breaking the law, arrested, and moved to the city of Valdivia. At dawn, 250 policemen launched an assault on the squatters, following direct orders from Interior Minister Edmundo Pérez Zujovic. The final result was that all newly-built homes were burned to the ground and 11 squatters were shot dead.

The massacre of Puerto Montt and the public outcry that followed were major factors contributing to the fall of Eduardo Frei's government, which was succeeded by Salvador Allende's Unidad Popular in the next year's elections. The events were described by singer-songwriter Víctor Jara in his song Preguntas por Puerto Montt.

Economy

The city's economy is now based upon agriculture, forestry, fishing, and salmon aquaculture in the surrounding islands and fjords. It is the fastest-growing city in southern Chile, mainly because of the explosive growth of salmon culture. Puerto Montt is also the gateway to Chiloé Island and the many other smaller islands in Chile's inland sea.

Puerto Montt has one airport, El Tepual, where three airlines have regular flights from Santiago, Punta Arenas, Balmaceda, Concepción, Temuco, and Bariloche (Argentina). The airlines operating at the airport are Lan Chile (the country's largest), Sky Airlines, and Air Comet Chile. The flight to Santiago takes two hours.

Gallery

References

External links

* http://www.puertomonttchile.cl
* [http://www.ptomontt.cl Puerto Montt City Guide]
* [http://maps.google.com/maps?q=puerto+montt+chile&t=k Satellite view of Puerto Montt Google Maps]
* [http://www.wladimircarcamo.blogspot.com Works on history and culture of Puerto Montt] by the anthropologist [http://www.ficcionwladimir.blogspot.com Wladimir Soto Cárcamo]


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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Puerto Montt — es una ciudad de Chile, Capital de la Provincia de Llanquihue y de la X Región de Los Lagos. Tiene una población estimada de 175.938 habitantes y una superficie de 1.673 Km2, la comuna acoge a un 16,39% de la población total de la región, un… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Puerto Montt — /pwerdd taw mawnt / a city in S Chile. 86,750. * * * ▪ Chile       port and city, southern Chile. It lies at the head of Reloncaví Bay (an inlet of the Pacific), adjacent to Tenglo Island.       Founded in 1853, the settlement was named for… …   Universalium

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